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- Explain how the cognitive model accounts for abnormal behavior.
- Define cognition.
- Explain how language is used to communicate meaning.
- Understand how language is acquired.
- Take a look at how the human brain processes and stores information.
- Learn how the human brain categorizes memories.
- Compare and contrast bottom-down and top-up processing.
- Explain how our ability to perceive develops over time.
- Explore techniques for improving long-term and short-term memory.
- Understand how memories can become distorted when large amounts of information are taken in.
- Describe the use of heuristics in drawing conclusions.
- Examine some common types of cognitive therapy.
- List the strengths and weaknesses of the cognitive model.
1. The Cognitive Model in Psychology and Abnormal Functioning
Everyone has thoughts and beliefs. But how do those thoughts affect your mental health? In this lesson, we'll seek an answer to that question in the cognitive model of abnormal psychology and look closer at the A-B-C theory of processing.
2. What is Cognition?
People think in different ways, and thoughts are an important part of who you are. In this lesson, we'll look at cognition, including two common types of cognition: reasoning and heuristics.
3. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
4. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages
Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.
5. Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval
How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.
6. Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term
Did you know that there are several types of memories? How does your brain keep track of them all? In this lesson, as you observe your surroundings at an art museum, you'll come to understand how your brain categorizes memory so you can remember your experiences.
7. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
8. Perceptual Development in Infants
Why are some senses more developed than others for a newborn? You'll learn which senses are initially important for infants to bond with and recognize their mothers and which one is still in development after birth.
9. George Miller's Psychological Study to Improve Short-Term Memory
Wouldn't it be nice to improve your short-term memory? According to one psychological study, there are, in fact, ways you can organize sets of new information to make them easier to remember. Based on the study, this lesson examines a method that can increase your short-term memory.
10. Using Psychology to Improve Long-Term Memory
What are some tips for improving your memory? This memorable lesson on memory covers self-referencing, mnemonic devices, spaced repetition and rehearsal. You won't want to cram for exams once you learn these better ways to improve your long-term memory!
11. Memory Distortion: Source Amnesia, Misinformation Effect & Choice-Supportive Bias
With all the information we learn and process every day, it can be difficult to remember things accurately. Because of this, our memory can become distorted. In this lesson, we'll learn how our brain can trick us into falsely remembering details of our past experiences.
12. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
13. Common Cognitive Treatments and Therapy
How do you treat someone who thinks or acts in a negative way? In this lesson, we'll look at what cognitive behavioral therapy is and the six phases in CBT.
14. Assessing the Cognitive Model in Psychology: Strengths and Weaknesses
The cognitive model of abnormality blames a person's thoughts for their psychological problems. But what makes it better than other psychological models? In this lesson, we'll look at the strengths and limitations of the cognitive model.
15. Alogia: Definition & Overview
This lesson explains alogia as a lack of speech and describes how can manifest in individuals. It is important to remember alogia is not a deficit in communication skills.
16. Extinction Burst in Psychology: Definition & Examples
Extinction burst refers to the concept of eliminating a behavior by refusing to reinforce it. Learn more about extinction burst through examples, and then test your knowledge with a quiz after you complete this lesson.
17. What is Cognitive Dysfunction? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson defines cognitive dysfunction, as well as its causes, symptoms, and treatment. Examples of cognitive dysfunction and how it may be diagnosed are also given.
18. Bullying in America: Facts & Statistics
Bullying goes beyond simple childhood teasing. Adolescents and adults report being bullied, as well, with serious implications. Bullies and victims tend to have distinct characteristics and risk factors, and the statistics on bullying might surprise you.
19. Capgras Delusion Syndrome: Definition, Causes, & Treatment
Capgras delusion syndrome is a condition characterized by the feeling that an imposter has taken the place of a person or pet that you love. Read this lesson to learn the causes and treatment options.
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Other chapters within the Abnormal Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
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- Personality Disorders in Abnormal Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Factitious Disorders: Tutoring Solution
- Treatment in Abnormal Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Abnormal Psychology: Tutoring Solution