About This Chapter
The Cold War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Discover the Western world's approach to a world economy after World War II and the socialist alternative presented by the Soviet Union in this chapter of world history. You'll learn about the causes of the Cold War and how it impacted life in the U.S. Instructors will also teach you about how Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy dealt with this war and introduce you to the Red Scare. When you've finished the lessons in this chapter, you'll know about:
- Post-war Soviet Union
- The descent of the Iron Curtain
- Causes of the Korean War
- Eisenhower's domestic and foreign agenda
|A Capitalist Approach to a World Economy and the Soviet Alternative||Introduces the plans made by Western countries to extend free markets and reform the global economy. Discusses the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade led by the U.S. Details the Soviet Union's refusal to participate and its Socialist alternative.|
|Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain||Defines the Iron Curtain and discusses its origins. Details how the Berlin Wall was a physical form of the Iron Curtain and how the Iron Curtain fell.|
|The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events||Describes the origins of the Cold War and identifies the world leaders involved. Discusses the containment policy and various events that took place in the early years of the war.|
|The Korean War: Causes and Effects||Explains how this war was a proxy war between the U.S. and a Soviet-supported country. Portrays events that led to the start of the war, which countries were involved and its legacy.|
|McCarthyism and the Red Scare: Definition, Causes & Effects||Outlines the rise of McCarthyism and defines the Red Scare. Introduces Joseph McCarthy and his method for minimizing Communist threats. Examines the downfall of this process.|
|The Cold War in America: Effects on Everyday Life||Discusses some key American figures who played a role in the Cold War. Examines how suspected communists were treated and what life was like during this period.|
|Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Cold War||Illustrates some of Eisenhower's policies and legislation during the Cold War. Depicts his relationship with leaders of the Soviet Union and his attempts to prevent Communist expansion.|
|John F. Kennedy and the Cold War||Examines Kennedy's defense spending and programs designed to reduce the spread of Communism. Looks at the challenges he faced in implementing his foreign policies.|
1. A Capitalist Plan for a World Economy & the Soviet Alternative
In this lesson, we explore the capitalist plans for the global economy of Western nations in the aftermath of WWII while also discovering the Eastern communist response.
2. Post-War Soviet Union & Eastern Europe: The Descent of the Iron Curtain
In this lesson, we will learn about some of the dynamic events that followed World War II in Eastern Europe. We will explore the descent of the Iron Curtain, and learn about the formation of the Eastern Bloc states.
3. The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events
The period of distrust between the Soviet Union and United States was known as the Cold War. Learn about the origins of the era, essential events and the shaping of the national security state.
4. United States Involvement in the Korean War: Causes and Effects
The Korean War was a short but bloody war with more than five million casualties. Find out what caused this deadly and destructive war, how the United States came to be involved and how the war affected Korea and its allies.
5. McCarthyism and the Red Scare: Definition, Causes & Effects
The fear of communism, known as the Red Scare, led to a national witch hunt for suspected communist supporters, which was known as McCarthyism. Learn about the rise of McCarthyism and the Red Scare, the impact of McCarthyism on American society and the legacy of the short-lived fear campaign.
6. The Cold War in America: Effects on Everyday Life
Fear of communism and nuclear annihilation spread throughout the United States during the Cold War. Learn about the effects of the Cold War on everyday life and the determination of Americans to prepare for and combat the communist menace.
7. Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Cold War
President Dwight D. Eisenhower entered office during an amplified period of the Cold War. Learn about Eisenhower's domestic and foreign agenda in dealing with the Cold War during the 1950s.
8. John F. Kennedy and the Cold War
Upon entering office in 1961, President John F. Kennedy was tasked with the challenge of maintaining the upper hand in the United States' battle against communism. Learn about Kennedy's successes and failures in handling the Cold War.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the World History: High School course
- Early World Civilizations
- Early Near East Civilizations
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of the Ancient Greeks
- History of The Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Timeline of the Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Timeline of the High Middle Ages
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- History of The European Renaissance
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Age of Exploration
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- Europe, Asia, the Middle East & Africa Post-War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century