About This Chapter
The Congress: Election, Powers, and Representation - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Lessons in this chapter provide you with a comprehensive overview of how America's bicameral legislature works. Watch short, engaging videos to learn how congressional members get elected and examine powers granted to the House and Senate. Instructors can also help you explore Congress' responsibilities to its constituents. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- Congress' structure and function
- Historical development of the legislative branch
- Methods for determining Congressional districts
- Factors affecting House and Senate elections
- Processes involved in voting a bill into law
|What is Congress? - Definition, Powers, & Structure||Explain the functions of the Senate and House of Representatives. Describe the committee system and party leadership structure.|
|How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process||Learn the processes involved in turning a bill into law.|
|Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements||Discuss the ways Congressional members serve their constituencies and evaluate the effectiveness of this legislative branch.|
|Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences||Outline the differences between parliamentary systems of government and the U.S. Congress.|
|The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline||Trace the history of Congress' procedural changes and outline the development of its power and function.|
|Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process||Explain the effects of reapportionment and redistricting. Pinpoint requirements for determining Congressional districts, as outlined in the U.S. Constitution.|
|Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate||Study the requirements and processes for becoming a congressional candidate.|
|Incumbency in Contemporary House & Senate Elections: Definition & Advantages||Learn why incumbency can give congressional candidates an advantage in elections.|
|National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections||Discuss how national issues, such as the state of the economy, affect the outcome of congressional elections.|
|Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences||Compare presidential and congressional election campaign processes.|
|What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?||Explain how party identification, campaign strategy, and other factors contribute to the outcome of elections.|
|How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup||Contrast the demographic characteristics of Congress with those of the American population.|
1. What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure
In this lesson, we will review what the United States Congress is. We will take a closer look at the makeup of Congress, what its powers are and what it represents.
2. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process
In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.
3. Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements
In this lesson, we will learn about the responsibilities that members of Congress have to their constituents and the ways in which their effectiveness overall is evaluated.
4. Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences
In this lesson, we will review the major differences between Congress and Parliament. We will take a closer look at why these differences exist and how they affect decision-making in those particular democratic countries.
5. The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline
In this lesson, we will learn about the electoral evolution of the Congress. We will take a closer look at the history behind Congress and the historical evolution of power, procedure and function.
6. Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process
In this lesson, we will review the constitutional requirements for determining congressional districts. We will take a closer look at the process and effects of reapportionment and redistricting.
7. Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate
In this lesson, we will review the process to become a candidate for Congress. We will take a closer look at what the requirements are and what process is to be taken leading up to the election.
8. Incumbency in Contemporary House & Senate Elections: Definition & Advantages
In this lesson, we will review the importance of incumbency in congressional elections. We will take a closer look at the factors that make it an advantage and what they mean to the outcome of an election.
9. National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections
In this lesson, we will learn about the biggest national forces that influence congressional elections, taking a look at how they affect the election results and how the public is influenced by them.
10. Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences
In this lesson, we will review the difference between presidential and congressional campaigns. We will take a closer look at their differences and how they affect the campaign.
11. What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?
In this lesson, we will learn about several important factors that influence the outcome of an election. We will look in-depth at these factors and why they are important in the outcome of an election.
12. How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup
In this lesson, we will review how the 113th United States Congress represents the demographics of the American people. We will take a closer look at the demographic makeup of Congress and how it relates to those representations in the population.
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Other chapters within the Political Science 102: American Government course
- Introduction to the Study of American Government
- Constitutional Democracy
- Federalism in the United States
- Interest Groups and American Democracy
- The Media and American Democracy
- The Federal Bureaucracy in the United States
- American Political Culture, Opinion, and Behavior
- Civil Liberties
- Civil Rights
- Political Parties in the United States Government
- The Presidency: Election, Powers, and Practice
- The Federal Judicial System
- Economic and Fiscal Policy
- Public, Social, and Environmental Policy
- Foreign and Defense Policy
- Studying for Political Science 102