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Ch 12: The Congress: Election, Powers, and Representation

About This Chapter

Watch online political science video lessons and learn about reapportionment and redistricting, the congressional nomination process, and more. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

The Congress: Election, Powers, and Representation - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Lessons in this chapter provide you with a comprehensive overview of how America's bicameral legislature works. Watch short, engaging videos to learn how congressional members get elected and examine powers granted to the House and Senate. Instructors can also help you explore Congress' responsibilities to its constituents. This chapter is designed to teach you about:

  • Congress' structure and function
  • Historical development of the legislative branch
  • Methods for determining Congressional districts
  • Factors affecting House and Senate elections
  • Processes involved in voting a bill into law

Video Objectives
What is Congress? - Definition, Powers, & Structure Explain the functions of the Senate and House of Representatives. Describe the committee system and party leadership structure.
How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process Learn the processes involved in turning a bill into law.
Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements Discuss the ways Congressional members serve their constituencies and evaluate the effectiveness of this legislative branch.
Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences Outline the differences between parliamentary systems of government and the U.S. Congress.
The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline Trace the history of Congress' procedural changes and outline the development of its power and function.
Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process Explain the effects of reapportionment and redistricting. Pinpoint requirements for determining Congressional districts, as outlined in the U.S. Constitution.
Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate Study the requirements and processes for becoming a congressional candidate.
Incumbency in Contemporary House & Senate Elections: Definition & Advantages Learn why incumbency can give congressional candidates an advantage in elections.
National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections Discuss how national issues, such as the state of the economy, affect the outcome of congressional elections.
Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences Compare presidential and congressional election campaign processes.
What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election? Explain how party identification, campaign strategy, and other factors contribute to the outcome of elections.
How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup Contrast the demographic characteristics of Congress with those of the American population.

12 Lessons in Chapter 12: The Congress: Election, Powers, and Representation
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure

1. What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure

In this lesson, we will review what the United States Congress is. We will take a closer look at the makeup of Congress, what its powers are and what it represents.

How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process

2. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process

In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.

Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements

3. Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements

In this lesson, we will learn about the responsibilities that members of Congress have to their constituents and the ways in which their effectiveness overall is evaluated.

Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences

4. Congress vs. Parliament: Main Differences

In this lesson, we will review the major differences between Congress and Parliament. We will take a closer look at why these differences exist and how they affect decision-making in those particular democratic countries.

The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline

5. The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline

In this lesson, we will learn about the electoral evolution of the Congress. We will take a closer look at the history behind Congress and the historical evolution of power, procedure and function.

Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process

6. Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process

In this lesson, we will review the constitutional requirements for determining congressional districts. We will take a closer look at the process and effects of reapportionment and redistricting.

Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate

7. Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate

In this lesson, we will review the process to become a candidate for Congress. We will take a closer look at what the requirements are and what process is to be taken leading up to the election.

Incumbency in Contemporary House & Senate Elections: Definition & Advantages

8. Incumbency in Contemporary House & Senate Elections: Definition & Advantages

In this lesson, we will review the importance of incumbency in congressional elections. We will take a closer look at the factors that make it an advantage and what they mean to the outcome of an election.

National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections

9. National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections

In this lesson, we will learn about the biggest national forces that influence congressional elections, taking a look at how they affect the election results and how the public is influenced by them.

Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences

10. Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences

In this lesson, we will review the difference between presidential and congressional campaigns. We will take a closer look at their differences and how they affect the campaign.

What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?

11. What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?

In this lesson, we will learn about several important factors that influence the outcome of an election. We will look in-depth at these factors and why they are important in the outcome of an election.

How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup

12. How Congress Represents the American Public: Demographic Makeup

In this lesson, we will review how the 113th United States Congress represents the demographics of the American people. We will take a closer look at the demographic makeup of Congress and how it relates to those representations in the population.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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