About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college pathology material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:
- Have fallen behind in understanding acute and chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases and hypersensitivity.
- Need an efficient way to learn about the consequences of an aberrant immune system.
- Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
- Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
- Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
- Missed class time and need to catch up.
- Can't access extra science learning resources at school.
How it works:
- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
- Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Consequences of an Aberrant Immune System chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Consequences of an Aberrant Immune System chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What are the causes and symptoms of inflammation?
- How can acute or chronic inflammation affect the body?
- How is inflammation treated?
- What are the four categories of hypersensitivity?
- What is an autoimmune disease?
1. What Is Inflammation? - Definition, Causes & Symptoms
This lesson will cover the process of inflammation and what your body might do after a bee sting. We'll find out the five cardinal signs of inflammation as well as anaphylactic shock, histamine and cytokines in the process.
2. Acute Inflammation: Causes, Examples & Impact
This lesson teaches you about what occurs during acute inflammation. We'll discuss the causes and impacts of inflammation and learn terms like arachidonic acid, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and eicosanoids.
3. Chronic Inflammation: Long Term Consequences
This lesson explores the harmful effects of long-term inflammation. We'll define chronic inflammation, inflammatory mediators, and reactive oxygen species before covering some specific causes of chronic inflammation and its consequences.
4. The Inflammatory Response's Effect on the Entire Body
This lesson will discuss two important roles systemic inflammation is involved in: fever and leukocytosis. It will also discuss the flip-side, two bad components of systemic inflammation: cachexia and anaphylactic shock.
5. Major Treatment Options for Inflammation
This lesson will discuss two major classes of drugs involved in suppressing the immune system: steroids and NSAIDs. We will discuss what they do, how they stop inflammation, and what side effects they may have.
6. Type I Hypersensitivity: Allergic Reactions
This lesson delves into something known as type I hypersensitivity reactions. You'll find out how everything from mast cells, basophils, and IgE to histamine, bee stings, and peanut allergies all play a role in this process.
7. Type II Hypersensitivity: Cytotoxic Hypersensitivity
This lesson will discuss something known as a type II hypersensitivity reaction. We will go over the principal mechanisms by which it occurs as well as the major antibodies involved. In addition, we'll cover autoimmune hemolytic anemia and myasthenia gravis.
8. Type III Hypersensitivity: Immune Complex Hypersensitivity
This lesson will discuss what a type III hypersensitivity reaction causes. It will delve into which antibodies are involved, the creation of immune complexes, the development of arthritis, vasculitis, and glomerulonephritis, and much more.
9. Type IV Hypersensitivity: Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity
This lesson will cover type IV hypersensitivity. We'll discuss the basics of how and why it occurs, the cells involved, and the most common types of diseases and conditions that are associated with this hypersensitivity reaction.
10. Autoimmune Diseases and Hypersensitivity
This lesson will talk about what defines an autoimmune disease, a hypersensitivity reaction, and more. We'll also discuss Graves' disease and myasthenia gravis.
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Other chapters within the Pathophysiology: Help and Review course
- The Basic Components of Pathophysiology: Help and Review
- The Pathophysiology of Neoplasia: Help and Review
- Skin-Related Pathology: Help and Review
- Trauma and Injury to the Nervous System: Help and Review
- Major Disorders Involving the Nervous System: Help and Review
- Congenital Cardiovascular Defects: Help and Review
- Acquired Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Help and Review
- Pathologies of the Respiratory System: Help and Review
- Important Renal Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Diseases of the Urinary System: Help and Review
- Conditions Affecting the Gastrointestinal System: Help and Review
- Metabolic Derangements: Help and Review
- Blood Disorders - Anemia: Help and Review
- Hematological Maladies: Help and Review
- Blood Cancers: Help and Review
- Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System: Help and Review
- Reproductive System Disorders: Help and Review
- Clinical Test Results - Cells and Blood Proteins: Help and Review
- Clinical Test Results - Organ Function and Health: Help and Review
- Clinical Tests for Electrolyte Levels