About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Criminal trial elements||Purposes of criminal trials and the constitutional rights of the accused; writs of habeas corpus|
|Tuesday||Pretrial activities||Arraignments, bond hearings, discovery, motions and the use of diversion programs|
|Wednesday||Criminal trial stages||Voir dire, motion in limine, the presentation of opening statements and witness testimony, closing arguments, jury instructions and deliberation|
|Thursday||Defense types||Defenses of duress, self-defense and necessity; defenses of infancy, mistake and entrapment; double jeopardy and the defense of insanity|
|Friday||Post-trial steps||Post-trial motions for a new trial or judgment of acquittal; motion to vacate, set aside or correct a sentence; sentencing and appeals|
1. Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial
In this lesson, we will learn about criminal trials. We will look at what the purpose of the criminal trial is and the elements that make up the trial process from the beginning to the end.
2. Constitutional Requirements of a Criminal Trial
In criminal court, a defendant will rely heavily on his constitutional rights to a fair trial. These rights, specifically the Fifth and Sixth Amendment Rights provide the requirements for a criminal trial. Some rights include right to a speedy trial, right to counsel and a right to an impartial jury. There are several other equally important rights that this important amendment protects.
3. Writ of Habeas Corpus & Reasonable Doubt in a Criminal Trial
In a last ditch effort to be free, a person in custody, after exhausting all appeals and motions, may file a writ of habeas corpus requesting further investigation of his constitutional rights in an attempt to be set free.
4. Pretrial Activities of a Criminal Trial: Steps, Purposes & Importance
In this lesson, we will learn about the pretrial steps before a criminal trial. We will look at what these steps are, why they are done and what they mean in a criminal case. We will then look at some specific examples of each.
5. Stages of the Criminal Trial: From Voir Dire to Verdict
In this lesson, we will learn about the stages of the criminal trial. We will look at what these stages from the beginning of the trial during voir dire through the verdict. We will also look at some specific examples of each stage.
6. Types of Defense Against a Criminal Charge
In this lesson, we will learn about possible defenses against a criminal charge. We will look at what these defenses are, how they are presented and what they mean in a criminal case. We will then look at some specific examples of each defense.
7. Criminal Trial Post-Trial Steps: Appeals, Reviews & Processes
In this lesson, we will learn about the post-trial steps after a criminal trial. We will look at what these steps are and what the appellate review process entails. Then, we'll explore some specific examples of each.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Criminal Justice Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology Lesson Plans
- Theories of Crime: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Types of Crime: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- The Criminal Justice Field Lesson Plans
- The U.S. Court System: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S. Lesson Plans
- The Role of the Police Department Lesson Plans
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions Lesson Plans
- The Juvenile Justice System: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans