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Ch 9: The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to increase your knowledge of how criminal trials work within the U.S. justice system, including their purposes, procedures and post-trial activities.

The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

A real-life criminal trial doesn't always work the way you see it on television dramas. These video lessons convey the ins and outs common to criminal trials. Learn what usually happens before, during, and after a trial. Gain an understanding of important ideas, like constitutional requirements and reasonable doubt. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Outline the reasons for holding a criminal trial
  • Describe key legal concepts like writ of habeas corpus and reasonable doubt
  • Discuss typical pretrial actions
  • Discuss what goes on during a trial
  • Discuss common post-trial actions

Video Objective
Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial Discuss how and why a criminal trial is held
Constitutional Requirements of a Criminal Trial Outline what kind of standards must be met in a criminal trial
Writ of Habeas Corpus & Reasonable Doubt in a Criminal Trial Define the concepts of 'writ of habeas corpus' and 'reasonable doubt' as they relate to a criminal trial
Pretrial Activities of a Criminal Trial: Steps, Purposes & Importance Identify and explain what happens before a trial (e.g., pretrial detention, plea, and plea bargaining)
Stages of the Criminal Trial: From Voir Dire to Verdict Identify and explain what happens during a trial (e.g., voir dire, prosecution and defense arguments, and jury deliberations)
Types of Defense Against a Criminal Charge Name and describe kinds of defenses, such as, an alibi, an excuse or procedural defense
Criminal Trial Post-Trial Steps: Appeals, Reviews & Processes Identify and describe what typically happens after a trial (e.g., appeals)

7 Lessons in Chapter 9: The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial

1. Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial

In this lesson, we will learn about criminal trials. We will look at what the purpose of the criminal trial is and the elements that make up the trial process from the beginning to the end.

Constitutional Requirements of a Criminal Trial

2. Constitutional Requirements of a Criminal Trial

In criminal court, a defendant will rely heavily on his constitutional rights to a fair trial. These rights, specifically the Fifth and Sixth Amendment Rights provide the requirements for a criminal trial. Some rights include right to a speedy trial, right to counsel and a right to an impartial jury. There are several other equally important rights that this important amendment protects.

Writ of Habeas Corpus & Reasonable Doubt in a Criminal Trial

3. Writ of Habeas Corpus & Reasonable Doubt in a Criminal Trial

In a last ditch effort to be free, a person in custody, after exhausting all appeals and motions, may file a writ of habeas corpus requesting further investigation of his constitutional rights in an attempt to be set free.

Pretrial Activities of a Criminal Trial: Steps, Purposes & Importance

4. Pretrial Activities of a Criminal Trial: Steps, Purposes & Importance

In this lesson, we will learn about the pretrial steps before a criminal trial. We will look at what these steps are, why they are done and what they mean in a criminal case. We will then look at some specific examples of each.

Stages of the Criminal Trial: From Voir Dire to Verdict

5. Stages of the Criminal Trial: From Voir Dire to Verdict

In this lesson, we will learn about the stages of the criminal trial. We will look at what these stages from the beginning of the trial during voir dire through the verdict. We will also look at some specific examples of each stage.

Types of Defense Against a Criminal Charge

6. Types of Defense Against a Criminal Charge

In this lesson, we will learn about possible defenses against a criminal charge. We will look at what these defenses are, how they are presented and what they mean in a criminal case. We will then look at some specific examples of each defense.

Criminal Trial Post-Trial Steps: Appeals, Reviews & Processes

7. Criminal Trial Post-Trial Steps: Appeals, Reviews & Processes

In this lesson, we will learn about the post-trial steps after a criminal trial. We will look at what these steps are and what the appellate review process entails. Then, we'll explore some specific examples of each.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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