About This Chapter
The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
A real-life criminal trial doesn't always work the way you see it on television dramas. These video lessons convey the ins and outs common to criminal trials. Learn what usually happens before, during, and after a trial. Gain an understanding of important ideas, like constitutional requirements and reasonable doubt. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to:
- Outline the reasons for holding a criminal trial
- Describe key legal concepts like writ of habeas corpus and reasonable doubt
- Discuss typical pretrial actions
- Discuss what goes on during a trial
- Discuss common post-trial actions
|Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial||Discuss how and why a criminal trial is held|
|Constitutional Requirements of a Criminal Trial||Outline what kind of standards must be met in a criminal trial|
|Writ of Habeas Corpus & Reasonable Doubt in a Criminal Trial||Define the concepts of 'writ of habeas corpus' and 'reasonable doubt' as they relate to a criminal trial|
|Pretrial Activities of a Criminal Trial: Steps, Purposes & Importance||Identify and explain what happens before a trial (e.g., pretrial detention, plea, and plea bargaining)|
|Stages of the Criminal Trial: From Voir Dire to Verdict||Identify and explain what happens during a trial (e.g., voir dire, prosecution and defense arguments, and jury deliberations)|
|Types of Defense Against a Criminal Charge||Name and describe kinds of defenses, such as, an alibi, an excuse or procedural defense|
|Criminal Trial Post-Trial Steps: Appeals, Reviews & Processes||Identify and describe what typically happens after a trial (e.g., appeals)|
1. Elements & Purpose of the Criminal Trial
In this lesson, we will learn about criminal trials. We will look at what the purpose of the criminal trial is and the elements that make up the trial process from the beginning to the end.
2. Constitutional Requirements of a Criminal Trial
In criminal court, a defendant will rely heavily on his constitutional rights to a fair trial. These rights, specifically the Fifth and Sixth Amendment Rights provide the requirements for a criminal trial. Some rights include right to a speedy trial, right to counsel and a right to an impartial jury. There are several other equally important rights that this important amendment protects.
3. Writ of Habeas Corpus & Reasonable Doubt in a Criminal Trial
In a last ditch effort to be free, a person in custody, after exhausting all appeals and motions, may file a writ of habeas corpus requesting further investigation of his constitutional rights in an attempt to be set free.
4. Pretrial Activities of a Criminal Trial: Steps, Purposes & Importance
In this lesson, we will learn about the pretrial steps before a criminal trial. We will look at what these steps are, why they are done and what they mean in a criminal case. We will then look at some specific examples of each.
5. Stages of the Criminal Trial: From Voir Dire to Verdict
In this lesson, we will learn about the stages of the criminal trial. We will look at what these stages from the beginning of the trial during voir dire through the verdict. We will also look at some specific examples of each stage.
6. Types of Defense Against a Criminal Charge
In this lesson, we will learn about possible defenses against a criminal charge. We will look at what these defenses are, how they are presented and what they mean in a criminal case. We will then look at some specific examples of each defense.
7. Criminal Trial Post-Trial Steps: Appeals, Reviews & Processes
In this lesson, we will learn about the post-trial steps after a criminal trial. We will look at what these steps are and what the appellate review process entails. Then, we'll explore some specific examples of each.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology
- Theories of Crime
- Types of Crime
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice
- The Criminal Justice Field
- The U.S. Court System
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.
- Criminal Law in the U.S.
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.
- The Role of the Police Department
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions
- The Juvenile Justice System
- Studying for Criminal Justice 101