About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding events, prominent people and religious activities of the Dark Ages.
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Why it works:
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What accounts for the loss of classical culture during this period?
- What was artistically unique about Ireland's Golden Age?
- Who was behind some of the early church conflicts?
- Why did trade collapse during the Dark Ages?
- How did Islam spread around the globe?
- What was unique to Byzantine art and architecture?
1. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture
This lesson explores the loss of classical culture during the Dark Ages. We compare the life of a medieval peasant to that of a Roman pleb. We then examine the causes of this decline, as well as its repercussions.
2. Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome
As the Roman Empire became bigger and bigger, tribes from Germany began to invade various areas. Eventually the continuous attacks led to the break-up of the Empire. This lesson explores a few of the more dominant tribes.
3. Insular Art: Ireland's Golden Age
This lesson covers the Insular Art of Ireland's Golden Age. It examines the unique cultural and religious factors that made Ireland the religious and cultural leader of Northern Europe. It then examines the roots of Insular art in the interlacing bands of Anglo-Saxon metalwork. Finally, we explore how those bands found their way onto stone crosses and manuscript illuminations.
4. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines
The Roman Empire covered a vast area, and when it fell, its people were in danger of losing their civilization. This lesson explores some of the things that remained as the Empire fell, as well as how they affected Roman citizens.
5. Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm
This lesson explores two conflicts that occurred in the early church: Arian Christianity, which taught a taboo belief regarding the Holy Trinity, and iconoclasm, which was the destruction of religious images.
6. Roman Economy in the Dark Ages
This lesson explores the Roman Empire's economy from its beginnings as a farming culture to its expansion into trade and finally its deterioration after invasion from surrounding tribes.
7. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
8. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
9. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
10. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
11. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
12. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
This lesson covers Byzantine art and explains the difficulties of imposing artistic periods. Justinian is introduced as the man behind the Byzantine Golden Age. We explore the interesting dynamic between Byzantine imperialism and Christian religion. Finally, we take a brief look at eastern religious icons.
13. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the development of Byzantine architecture. We examine its relationship to the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. We then compare Byzantine architecture to early Christian architecture and enumerate the distinctly Byzantine elements of their art and architecture: central-plan, domes and pendentives. Finally, we touch briefly on how these architectural masterpieces were decorated.
14. Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians
This lesson will focus on Clovis and the rise and fall of the Merovingian Dynasty. It will highlight his unification of the Franks, his conversion to Catholicism, and the cultural advancements of the dynasty's rule.
15. The Dark Ages: Definition, History & Timeline
In this lesson, we will examine the period of time commonly referred to as the Dark Ages. We will learn why this period is called the Dark Ages and discuss why some historians are now shying away from this term.
16. Arabic Astrolabe: Definition, Navigation & History
Imagine you had a device in your pocket that could tell you what time it was and where you were at any time of day or night. It might sound like a recent invention, but over a thousand years ago, people used a device like this, called an astrolabe, to make complex astronomical observations and navigate the world.
17. Medical History in the Dark Ages
In this lesson we're going to look at the medical technologies available during the Dark Ages. We'll start with herbal remedies, then look at health education before focusing on plague doctors.
18. Golden Ages in History
The concept of a golden age is very important to how we understand history. But what defines a golden age? In this lesson, we'll examine the concept and examples of golden ages around the world, and see how they shape our understanding of the past.
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Other chapters within the Western Civilization I: Help and Review course
- Prehistory: Help and Review
- History of the Ancient Near East
- History of the Ancient Near East: Help and Review
- History of Ancient Greece: Help and Review
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement: Help and Review
- The Rise of the Roman Republic: Help and Review
- The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- The Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- The High Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Renaissance: Help and Review
- The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- The Reformation: Help and Review
- The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- Colonialism in History: Help and Review