About This Chapter
The Dark Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Join our knowledgeable instructors on a journey back in time. This chapter covers the Dark Ages, a historical period following the collapse of the Roman Empire. In these lessons, you'll be introduced to Germanic tribes, the birth and spread of major world religions, and early Roman economy, among other topics. By the end of this chapter, you should be familiar with:
- Europe's loss of classical culture
- The peoples who took the place of the Romans in the former empire
- The differences and similarities between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
- Muslim scientific, artistic, medical, and literary accomplishments
- Iconoclasm or the destruction of art for religious purposes
|The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture||Learn what aspects of classical culture were lost and gained during the Dark Ages.|
|Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome||Use this lesson to study the tribes who invaded Rome.|
|Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines||Learn about the role the church and the Byzantines played in maintaining Roman culture.|
|Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm||Review church conflicts brought about by iconoclasm, Arianism, and more.|
|Roman Economy in the Dark Ages||Learn about the trade habits of the early Roman economy.|
|Mohammed and the Birth of Islam||Review a biography of Mohammed and an overview of the Near East before his conquest.|
|People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam||Compare the content of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.|
|The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates||Study how Islam spread throughout the world.|
|Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments||Review scholarly accomplishments during the Islamic Golden Age.|
|Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics||Learn about the art of the Byzantine Empire.|
|Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples||Explore the architecture of the Byzantine Empire.|
|Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians||Review Frankish history from Clovis up to Charlemagne.|
1. The Dark Ages: Loss of Classical Culture
During a period known as 'The Dark Ages,' there was a serious loss of knowledge and information that caused a setback in Europe's education quality. Learn more about the loss of classical culture in the Dark Ages and how it contributed to Europe's low quality of life.
2. Germanic Tribes: Invasion in Rome
Several Germanic tribes invaded Rome, reducing the Roman Empire's centralized control and helping bring about the fall of Rome. Learn about these tribes, including the Visigoths, the Ostrogoths, the Vandals, the Franks, and the Anglo-Saxons. Understand their role in ending the Roman Empire.
3. Heirs of Rome: The Church and the Byzantines
The Roman line of succession has an interesting history of heirs that resulted in a tumultuous relationship with the Catholic Church. Learn more about the Byzantines, the increased power of Roman Catholicism, Constantinople, and the growth of Islam.
4. Early Church Conflicts: Arianism and Iconoclasm
While the early Catholic church was popular and growing in dominance, it had issues that created threats such as Arianism and Iconoclasm. Learn more about their definition, roles, and issues that they caused in early church conflicts.
5. Roman Economy in the Dark Ages
The Roman economy suffered in the Dark Ages under an onslaught of foreign invaders and the continuous interruption of ancient trade routes that made the city powerful. Learn how Rome would grow from a collection of farms to a center of commerce and the impacts of its rise and fall on the economy in Europe during the Dark Ages.
6. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Mohammed came of age in a polytheistic world, but he would go on to lead a monotheistic religion that changed that world. Learn about the life of Mohammed and the birth of Islam, and compare the pre-Islamic world and the world after his death.
7. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
Three of the world's major religions that have significantly formed the societal landscape and seemingly stem from each other are Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Read more on an analytical comparison of each and the importance of these religions in cultural traditions.
8. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
The title of caliphate is given to the appointed successors to Mohammed, and so it carries significant responsibility and power. Understand the historical significance of the caliphate in the spread of Islam through the Arab world, northern Africa, and Asia.
9. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
From 750 CE until the Mongol invasion in 1258 CE, Muslims experienced the Golden Age of Islam and controlled an empire that spanned from Spain to China. Explore this period to understand Muslim learning and the scientific, artistic, medical, literary, and mathematical accomplishments of Muslims.
10. Byzantine Art: Mosaics, History & Characteristics
Byzantine art (circa 6th century CE through the fall of Constantinople in 1453) was heavily influenced by the imperial court at Constantinople, especially under Emperor Justinian, and had many ties with early Christian art. Discover the history and common styles of Byzantine art including religious propaganda, iconography, and mosaics, plus several periods of iconoclasm or destruction of religious images.
11. Byzantine Architecture: History, Characteristics & Examples
Byzantine architecture emerged in the 6th century during the rule of Emperor Justinian. While there were some similarities to early Christian architecture, this lesson examines some key features unique to Byzantine architecture like central-planned churches, rounder designs, and high pendentive domes.
12. Frankish History: Clovis and the Merovingians
A major figure in Frankish history, Clovis united the Franks, which formed the Merovingian Dynasty. Discover the rule of Clovis over the Merovingians, including this unification, his conversion to Catholicism, cultural advancements, and the eventual decline of the dynasty.
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Other chapters within the History 101: Western Civilization I course
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- The High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era
- Studying for History 101