About This Chapter
The Development of Christianity - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
From the establishment of the Christian belief system to the persecution of Christians, this chapter traces the development and history of early Christianity. As one the largest world religions, the events and struggles involving the early Christian Church had a lasting impact on society and culture. This chapter explores the historical significance of these happenings and also delves into the expression of faith through art. By viewing these lessons, you'll get the facts on topics like:
- How the early Christian Church was connected to Judaism
- How Jews and Christians fared in the Roman Empire
- Who the early Christian church fathers were
- Why Christians were persecuted
- What characteristics and symbols were used in early Christian architecture and art
|The Gospels: The Life of Christ||Learn about the life of Jesus Christ and the Christian beliefs in His crucifixion and resurrection.|
|The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism||Discover the Jewish roots that played a role in establishing the early Christian church.|
|Judaism and Christianity in the Roman Empire||Explore how Jews and Christians responded to Roman persecution.|
|Paul and the Early Church Fathers||Find out about the lives and faith of the Apostle Paul and the 12 disciples of Jesus Christ.|
|Stephen and Christian Persecution||Learn about the martyrdom of Stephen and how early Christians were persecuted by both Jewish leaders and the Roman Empire.|
|The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity||Examine how Constantine's conversion impacted both Christianity and politics.|
|Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism||See what kinds of symbols were incorporated in early Christian artworks.|
|Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics||Discover the styles and elements that defined early Christian architecture.|
|St. Augustine's City of God||Learn about St. Augustine and the impact of his work City of God on Christianity.|
1. The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism
This lesson will explore the early Christian Church and its close connection to Judaism. It will highlight the similarities of these two faiths in reference to the Holy Scriptures while also exploring their disagreement over the person of Jesus Christ.
2. The Gospels: The Life of Christ
This lesson will be a brief exploration of the life of Christ. It will highlight His virgin birth, public ministry, the reasons for His crucifixion, His resurrection and the Christian message that Christ offered salvation to all who believe in His name.
3. Paul and the Early Church Fathers
This lesson will identify the earliest Church Fathers as the 12 disciples and the Apostle Paul. In doing this, it will highlight the persecution of the Christian Church as well as the conversion of Saul, known to history as Paul.
4. St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire
For much of the early history of Christianity, worship was heavily persecuted. In this lesson, we look at the beginning of that persecution with Saint Stephen, as well as the changing relationship between Rome and the Church.
5. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity
This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.
6. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism
This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.
7. Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics
Christianity managed to exist for hundreds of years before becoming the official religion of Rome. In this lesson, we'll take a look at the early architecture of the Christian church.
8. St. Augustine's City of God
This lesson explores the life of St. Augustine and one his most famous works, The City of God. As we explore this work, we'll highlight Rome's disdain for the Christian faith and Augustine's argument against Rome's religious position.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance