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Ch 13: The Eastern Mediterranean

About This Chapter

Watch Eastern Mediterranean history video lessons and learn about the Qur'an, Justinian's Code of Law, the Arab-Islamic Empire, and more. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

The Eastern Mediterranean - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

The lessons in this chapter cover the history and development of the Sassanid, Arab-Islamic, Umayyad, and Abbasid regimes, including their contributions and eventual demises. You'll also be exposed to basic concepts of the Qur'an and an overview of the life of Mohammad. This chapter's lessons are designed to help you:

  • Explain the ascension and fall of the Sassanid Empire, the Umayyad Dynasty, and the Abbasids
  • Know why the longevity of the eastern half of the Roman Empire far exceeded that of the western half
  • Understand the development and relevance of the Arab-Islamic Empire
  • Give an overview of Mohammad's establishment of Islam and the condition of the Near East immediately prior

Video Objective
The Sassanid Empire Recognize the influence of previous Iranian imperial models on the Sassanid Empire's methods of governance. Be familiar with the place of religion in Sassanid society.
Constantinople, Christianity, and Byzantium Know why the eastern half of the Roman Empire far outlived the western half. Understand the achievements and influence of Constantine.
Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine Discuss the Roman emperors who followed Constantine. Be familiar with Justinian and his code of law.
Mohammed and the Birth of Islam Assimilate an overview of Muhammad's life, as well as the circumstances of the Near East prior to his founding of Islam.
The Qur'an Develop familiarity with the content of the Qur'an.
The Arab-Islamic Empire Understand why the Byzantine Empire lost Egypt to Arab-Islamic forces. Recognize the Mediterranean implications of the Arab-Islamic Empire's establishment and why the empire was able to expand so quickly.
The Umayyad Dynasty Learn about the reigns of Uthman, Mu'awiya, Marwan, Abd al-Malik, and Marwan II. Understand the Umayyad Dynasty's second civil war and unsuccessful attempts to secure Constantinople.
The Rise of the Abbasids Articulate the rise of anti-Umayyad sentiment and why the Abbasids' overthrow of the Umayyad Dynasty was perceived to be a revolution. Recognize the relevance of Baghdad's establishment as the capital.
The Fall of Abbasid and the Rise of Regional Dynasties Understand how the loss of numerous territories generated the weakening of the Abbasid Caliphate.

9 Lessons in Chapter 13: The Eastern Mediterranean
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Sasanid Empire: History, Society & Religion

1. Sasanid Empire: History, Society & Religion

This lesson explores the Sasanid Empire. In doing so, it highlights the reign of Khosro I, Zoroastrianism, and the social stratification within the empire.

Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire

2. Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire

This lesson will explain the reign of Constantine and his move to Constantinople. It will focus on the advantages of its location, its ties to Roman law, and its homogeneous Christian population.

Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

3. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.

Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

4. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation

5. The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation

This lesson will focus on the Koran and the Hadith as sacred texts of Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the Muslim monotheistic belief in Allah and the revelation of the Koran to Muhammad.

The Arab-Islamic Empire: Emergence, Establishment & Expansion

6. The Arab-Islamic Empire: Emergence, Establishment & Expansion

This lesson will trace the emergence of the Arab-Islamic Empire. It will focus on the Islamic faith, the rule of Abu Bakr, and the Golden Age of Islam under the Abbasid Dynasty.

The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare

7. The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare

This lesson explores Islam after the death of Mohammed. In doing this, it highlights the culture and conflicts of the Umayyad Dynasty and its ruling caliphs.

The Abbasid Caliphate's Rise to Power

8. The Abbasid Caliphate's Rise to Power

This lesson will explore the Abbasids and the Golden Age of Islam. In doing this, it will highlight the role of the caliph, viziers, and the growth of trade within the empire.

The Fall of the Abbasids & the Rise of Regional Dynasties

9. The Fall of the Abbasids & the Rise of Regional Dynasties

This lesson will explore the rise and fall of the Abbasid empire. It will explain how wealth, civil unrest, and slave revolt let to the fall of the Abbasids and the rise of regional dynasties.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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