About This Chapter
The Eastern Mediterranean - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The lessons in this chapter cover the history and development of the Sassanid, Arab-Islamic, Umayyad, and Abbasid regimes, including their contributions and eventual demises. You'll also be exposed to basic concepts of the Qur'an and an overview of the life of Mohammad. This chapter's lessons are designed to help you:
- Explain the ascension and fall of the Sassanid Empire, the Umayyad Dynasty, and the Abbasids
- Know why the longevity of the eastern half of the Roman Empire far exceeded that of the western half
- Understand the development and relevance of the Arab-Islamic Empire
- Give an overview of Mohammad's establishment of Islam and the condition of the Near East immediately prior
|The Sassanid Empire||Recognize the influence of previous Iranian imperial models on the Sassanid Empire's methods of governance. Be familiar with the place of religion in Sassanid society.|
|Constantinople, Christianity, and Byzantium||Know why the eastern half of the Roman Empire far outlived the western half. Understand the achievements and influence of Constantine.|
|Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine||Discuss the Roman emperors who followed Constantine. Be familiar with Justinian and his code of law.|
|Mohammed and the Birth of Islam||Assimilate an overview of Muhammad's life, as well as the circumstances of the Near East prior to his founding of Islam.|
|The Qur'an||Develop familiarity with the content of the Qur'an.|
|The Arab-Islamic Empire||Understand why the Byzantine Empire lost Egypt to Arab-Islamic forces. Recognize the Mediterranean implications of the Arab-Islamic Empire's establishment and why the empire was able to expand so quickly.|
|The Umayyad Dynasty||Learn about the reigns of Uthman, Mu'awiya, Marwan, Abd al-Malik, and Marwan II. Understand the Umayyad Dynasty's second civil war and unsuccessful attempts to secure Constantinople.|
|The Rise of the Abbasids||Articulate the rise of anti-Umayyad sentiment and why the Abbasids' overthrow of the Umayyad Dynasty was perceived to be a revolution. Recognize the relevance of Baghdad's establishment as the capital.|
|The Fall of Abbasid and the Rise of Regional Dynasties||Understand how the loss of numerous territories generated the weakening of the Abbasid Caliphate.|
1. Sasanid Empire: History, Society & Religion
This lesson explores the Sasanid Empire. In doing so, it highlights the reign of Khosro I, Zoroastrianism, and the social stratification within the empire.
2. Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire
This lesson will explain the reign of Constantine and his move to Constantinople. It will focus on the advantages of its location, its ties to Roman law, and its homogeneous Christian population.
3. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine
This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.
4. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
5. The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation
This lesson will focus on the Koran and the Hadith as sacred texts of Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the Muslim monotheistic belief in Allah and the revelation of the Koran to Muhammad.
6. The Arab-Islamic Empire: Emergence, Establishment & Expansion
This lesson will trace the emergence of the Arab-Islamic Empire. It will focus on the Islamic faith, the rule of Abu Bakr, and the Golden Age of Islam under the Abbasid Dynasty.
7. The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare
This lesson explores Islam after the death of Mohammed. In doing this, it highlights the culture and conflicts of the Umayyad Dynasty and its ruling caliphs.
8. The Abbasid Caliphate's Rise to Power
This lesson will explore the Abbasids and the Golden Age of Islam. In doing this, it will highlight the role of the caliph, viziers, and the growth of trade within the empire.
9. The Fall of the Abbasids & the Rise of Regional Dynasties
This lesson will explore the rise and fall of the Abbasid empire. It will explain how wealth, civil unrest, and slave revolt let to the fall of the Abbasids and the rise of regional dynasties.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the World History: Credit Recovery course
- Foundational Concepts of World History
- Major Belief Systems of the World
- Early Civilizations of World History
- Ancient Civilizations in the Near East
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Rise of the Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Introduction to the Dark Ages
- African History
- The Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- The High Middle Ages
- History of Asia (1000-1300 CE)
- Pre-European Civilizations in North America
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Elizabethan Era
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- The Cold War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century
- Post War Europe, Asia, Middle East, and Africa