About This Chapter
The End of the Cold War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Use the video lessons in this chapter to learn why Soviet policies instituted at the onset of the Cold War steadily dissolved as Moscow's economic and political woes made them impossible to uphold. Lessons explore how the subsequent political unrest brought Soviet rule to an end as one state after another declared independence. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Implications of the Warsaw Pact and Brezhnev Doctrine
- Impacts of Gorbachev's reforms in the Soviet Union
- Independence movements in Eastern Europe
- Germany's reunification
|The Brezhnev Doctrine's Influence on Eastern Europe||Describe how the Brezhnev Doctrine influenced developments in Eastern Europe.|
|Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline||Survey Gorbachev's reforms and the independence movements that ultimately brought about the dissolution of the Soviet Union.|
|The Collapse of the Communist Bloc and the Warsaw Pact||Peruse conditions of the Warsaw Pact, and examine reactions by client states to the Soviet Union's economic and political troubles.|
|Gorbachev's Policies of Glasmost and Perestroika||Discuss Gorbachev's policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in the Soviet Union in 1985.|
|Yeltsin and the New Russian Republic: History and Timeline||Discuss Yeltsin's early political career and the impacts of his presidency's economic and political reforms.|
|Ethnic Warfare in Former Yugoslavia: Events and Timeline||Get an overview of the independence movements in Slovenia and Croatia and the ethnic violence that resulted.|
|Emergence of Political, Social and Economic Stability||Identify factors contributing to economic, political and social stability in Western Europe after the Cold War.|
|The Reunification of East and West Germany in 1990||Follow events leading to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reunification of Germany.|
|The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline||Survey the post-Soviet economies of former communist bloc states, and explore their integration into the European Union.|
1. The Brezhnev Doctrine's Influence on Eastern Europe
In this lesson, we explore the Soviet Union's grip on Eastern Europe in the second half of the 20th century and the Brezhnev Doctrine, which dictated its actions in several countries.
2. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline
In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.
3. The Collapse of the Communist BLOC and the Warsaw Pact
In this lesson, we explore the fall and breakup of the Warsaw Pact and Eastern Bloc of communist countries allied with, and client states of, the Soviet Union from after World War II until the late 1980s and early 1990s.
4. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
5. Yeltsin and the New Russian Republic: History and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the fall of the Soviet Union and the reemergence of Russia and the subsequent presidency of Russia's first president, Boris Yeltsin.
6. Ethnic Warfare in Former Yugoslavia: Events and Timeline
In this lesson we explore the breakup of the formerly communist state in the Balkans, Yugoslavia. In the 1990s, several Yugoslav states declared independence from the Serbian-dominated central government.
7. The Reunification of East and West Germany in 1990
In this lesson we explore the unique history of East and West Germany after Germany's defeat in WWII and the conditions surrounding its eventual reunification in 1990.
8. The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where both political structures and economic models were left in limbo.
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Other chapters within the History 109: Western Europe Since 1945 course
- Review of World War II
- The Cold War in Western & Eastern Europe
- National Developments in the Postwar Period
- The History of the European Union
- The Institutions of The European Union (EU)
- European Government, Political Processes, and Institutions
- European Political Parties
- European Issues and Policies
- Government of the United Kingdom
- Government of France
- Government of Spain
- Government of Germany
- Government of Italy