About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our Middle School World History Homeschool Curriculum course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the Enlightenment. There is no faster or easier way to learn about ideas and philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the philosophical, political, religious and scientific ideas that developed in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and an Enlightenment unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Enlightenment Unit Objectives:
- Understand the historical roots of the Enlightenment.
- Discuss the growth of democratic ideals and scientific rationalism during the Enlightenment.
- Learn about Rene Descartes and his ideas about philosophy and religion.
- Explore the life, work and legacy of Francis Bacon.
- Compare the political views of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
- Understand the historical roots of contemporary capitalism.
- Trace the ideas found in our Declaration of Independence and English Bill of Rights to the Magna Carta.
1. The Roots of the Enlightenment
In this lesson, we will learn about the roots of the Enlightenment. We will learn when and how the Enlightenment began, and we will identify the central themes associated with its beginning.
2. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
3. Scientific Rationalism and the Growth of Democratic Ideas
In this lesson, we will learn about scientific rationalism and the growth of democratic ideas. We will see how the rationalism of the Enlightenment helped give rise to modern concepts of democracy.
4. Science & Religion in Renaissance Europe
In this lesson, we will learn about science and religion during the Renaissance. We will explore the role these two forces played in Renaissance Europe, and we will identify the major themes involved.
5. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy
This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.
6. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy
This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.
7. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
8. Origins of Modern Capitalism
In this lesson, we will learn about the origins of modern capitalism. We will see how the modern capitalist system developed, and we will highlight key themes.
9. Influence of the Enlightenment on Democratic Thought
In this lesson, we will learn about the impact the Enlightenment has had upon democracy. We will see how the Enlightenment helped shape modern democratic thinking.
10. From the Magna Carta to the American Declaration of Independence
In this lesson, we will trace the legacy of democratic ideals from the Magna Carta to the Declaration of Independence. We will highlight the key developments of democracy throughout the Medieval period and into the modern age.
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Other chapters within the Middle School World History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution: Homeschool Curriculum
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Ancient Hebrews: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Greek Civilization: Homeschool Curriculum
- Early Civilization in India: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Roman Republic: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies: Homeschool Curriculum
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- China in the Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- Medieval Japan: Homeschool Curriculum
- Medieval Europe: Homeschool Curriculum
- Renaissance Europe: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Reformation in Europe: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Scientific Revolution: Homeschool Curriculum
- Europe and the Age of Exploration: Homeschool Curriculum