About This Chapter
The Enlightenment - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Also known as the Age of Enlightenment, this period of world history was marked by a focus on rational and scientific thought. In this chapter, you'll be introduced to the key philosophers and thinkers of this period, as well as their ideas. You'll discover the role that religion played in this period and the origins of modern capitalism. Once you've watched all the lessons in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:
- Central ideas of the Enlightenment
- Growth of democratic ideas
- The connection between religion and philosophy
- Competing views and political theories
- The legacy of Francis Bacon
- The Magna Carta's connection to the Declaration of Independence
|The Roots of the Enlightenment||Understand the influences of the Renaissance, Reformation and Scientific Revolution on the ideas that emerged during the Enlightenment.|
|The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas: Examples & Quiz||Meet the principal thinkers of this period, explore their ideas and discuss the impact of their philosophies and ideas.|
|Scientific Rationalism and the Growth of Democratic Ideas||Examine the democratic ideas that emerged during the Enlightenment. Delve into the concept of scientific rationalism.|
|Science & Religion in Renaissance Europe||Discuss the conflicts between science and religion during the Enlightenment.|
|Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy||Explore Descartes' beliefs and influences. Discuss his role in bringing together religious, scientific and philosophical ideas.|
|Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy||Assess the influence of the scientific method and Bacon's other contributions to the Scientific Revolution.|
|Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views||Discuss the political theories introduced by Hobbes and Locke and examine their impact on English and American societies.|
|Origins of Modern Capitalism||Determine how modern capitalism emerged from the Enlightenment period.|
|Influence of the Enlightenment on Democratic Thought||Highlight the philosophies of the Enlightenment that influenced democratic institutions and thoughts.|
|From the Magna Carta to the American Declaration of Independence||Connect the principles of the Magna Carta to the English Bill of Rights and American Declaration of Independence.|
1. The Roots of the Enlightenment
In this lesson, we will learn about the roots of the Enlightenment. We will learn when and how the Enlightenment began, and we will identify the central themes associated with its beginning.
2. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
3. Scientific Rationalism and the Growth of Democratic Ideas
In this lesson, we will learn about scientific rationalism and the growth of democratic ideas. We will see how the rationalism of the Enlightenment helped give rise to modern concepts of democracy.
4. Science & Religion in Renaissance Europe
In this lesson, we will learn about science and religion during the Renaissance. We will explore the role these two forces played in Renaissance Europe, and we will identify the major themes involved.
5. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy
This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.
6. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy
This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.
7. Thomas Hobbes & John Locke: Political Theories & Competing Views
In this lesson, we discuss the two premier English political theorists of the 17th century: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We'll also take a look at their impact on Western philosophy in contemporary and modern times.
8. Origins of Modern Capitalism
In this lesson, we will learn about the origins of modern capitalism. We will see how the modern capitalist system developed, and we will highlight key themes.
9. Influence of the Enlightenment on Democratic Thought
In this lesson, we will learn about the impact the Enlightenment has had upon democracy. We will see how the Enlightenment helped shape modern democratic thinking.
10. From the Magna Carta to the American Declaration of Independence
In this lesson, we will trace the legacy of democratic ideals from the Magna Carta to the Declaration of Independence. We will highlight the key developments of democracy throughout the Medieval period and into the modern age.
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Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Republic
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies
- The Byzantine Empire
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Africa (500-1800 CE)
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Reformation in Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- Europe and the Age of Exploration