About This Chapter
The European Renaissance - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The European Renaissance was a time of rebirth. More specifically, it was a period that saw the reemergence of classical knowledge as well as a respect for individualism. Starting out in Italy and later spreading northward, the Renaissance had a considerable impact on European society and culture, which is the focus of this chapter. You'll learn about topics such as:
- Why Italy was the ideal place for the Renaissance to begin
- What humanism is and its impact on individuals
- What characteristics distinguish Renaissance art
- How the Renaissance spread to northern Europe
- How banking impacted the Renaissance economy
- What factors contributed to the development of modern nation states
- What caused England's Wars of the Roses
|The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview||Explore the historical events that coincided with the European Renaissance.|
|The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation||See what factors contributed to Italy being the place of origin for the Renaissance.|
|Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual||Learn what humanism is and how it supported individualism.|
|Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture||Discover major Renaissance artists and the characteristics that defined their work.|
|The Northern Renaissance||Examine how the Northern Renaissance differed from the Italian Renaissance.|
|The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus||Learn how John Wycliffe and Jan Hus challenged the authority of the Church.|
|The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking||Explore the rise of banking and the middle class during the Renaissance.|
|The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family||Find out about the Italian Medici family and their rise to prominence.|
|The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy||See how the monarchs used parliaments to strengthen their authority.|
|The Formation of Modern Nation States||Trace feudalism's decline and the creation of modern nation states.|
|Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer||Learn about the themes in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.|
|France and Valois at the End of the 100 Years War||Take a look at the changes France and the monarchy experienced by the end of the 100 Years War.|
|England's Wars of the Roses||See what caused the Wars of the Roses in England.|
|England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses||Learn about the Tudor Dynasty and how its monarchs made lasting impacts on England.|
1. The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview
In this lesson, we will build an outline of the historical events which flow together to form the time periods of the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, and the Elizabethan era.
2. The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation
This lesson will discuss the three main reasons why Italy transformed from a group of competing city-states to the home of the birth of the Renaissance.
3. Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual
In this lesson, we will be discussing how humanism changed the idea of the individual from something sinful and controlled by the Church into something of great beauty and worth.
4. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture
In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.
5. The Northern Renaissance
This lesson will focus on the Northern Renaissance. It will contrast the Renaissance of the North with the Italian Renaissance, exploring these differences in the areas of art, politics, and religion.
6. The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus
This lesson will focus on the Renaissance teachings of John Wycliffe and Jan Hus. It will highlight their challenges to church authority, membership and traditions.
7. The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking
In this lesson, we will discuss the rise of banking and the Renaissance economy. We will highlight the Medici family and the rise of the middle class.
8. The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family
This lesson will focus on the Medici family of Florence, Italy. It will explain their rise to power through banking. It will also highlight their influence on the Renaissance era and how they gained influence without violence.
9. The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy
This lesson will focus on the rise of monarchies during the Renaissance, highlighting the interactions of these monarchies with the church and the aristocracy.
10. The Formation of Modern Nation States
This lesson explains the formation of the modern nation-states. It will highlight how the decline of feudalism, as well as the decline in church power, helped bring about the modern nation-state. It will also feature several monarchs who ruled during these times.
11. Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
This lesson analyzes Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, an early classic of English literature. In it we will highlight Chaucer's criticism of social rank, the position of women, and Church corruption.
12. France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years War
This lesson focuses on France at the end of The Hundred Years War. It will examine the changes to France in the areas of military tactics, feudalism, and its monarchies. It will also highlight the French monarchs of the time period.
13. England's Wars of the Roses
This lesson will focus on England's Wars of the Roses. It will highlight the key figures from both the Houses of York and Lancaster. It will also identify the importance of the divine right of kings.
14. England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses
This lesson will focus on the Tudor Dynasty, which came to power after England's Wars of the Roses. It will focus on the contributions of the five Tudor monarchs in the areas of government, religion, economic and the arts.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Birth of the Muslim World
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands