Ch 20: Medical Terms Related to the Eyes

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the structures of the eyes and how they function to give us sight. The quizzes that follow each lesson can help you gauge your comprehension of the materials.

Medical Terms Related to the Eyes - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Some people say the eyes are the windows to the soul, but their main job is to provide us with the sense of sight. In this chapter, you'll learn about several structures of the eye and how they work. You will also find out about some of the pathologies affecting the eyes as well as how they're diagnosed and treated. By studying the lessons in this chapter, you'll learn about:

  • Large structures of the eyes
  • Accommodation and other actions of the eyes
  • Function of eye receptors
  • Diagnostic procedures and treatment methods for eye conditions
  • Types of pathologies affecting the eyes

VideoObjective
Function and Structure of the EyesExplore the major eye structures and their purpose.
The Eye and Eyesight: Large StructuresLearn about the large eye structures involved in sight.
Receptors of the Back of the Eye: Retina, Rods, Cones & FoveaDiscover the function of the multiple receptors located in the back of the eyes.
Detailed Structures of the EyeballFind out about some of the smaller structures of the eyeball.
Structures of the Uveal TractLearn about the components and function of the eye's uveal tract.
Actions of the EyeStudy the many actions of the eyes, such as convergence and emmeetropia.
Eyelid Pathologies: Medical VocabularyDiscover some of the medical conditions that can impact the eyelid.
Eye Condition Terms: Uveal Tract, Iris, Sclera & CorneaGet familiar with the different eye structures that can be affected by eye conditions.
Major Disorders of the Eye: Definitions & TerminologyDiscuss disorders like cataracts, pappiledema, and retinal tears.
Glaucoma & Macular Degeneration VocabularyTake a look at these these two common eye conditions.
Functional Defects of the Eye: TerminologyExamine defects that affect eye function.
Refractive Disorders of the Eye: VocabularyLearn about the different refractive disorders that can impact vision.
Blindness & Vision Impairment: Medical VocabularyDetail terms related to vision loss and blindness.
Pathologies of Structures Related to the Eye: VocabularyDefine diseases that affect eye structures.
Medical Terms Related to Optic Diagnostics, Specialists & ProceduresSurvey terminology for eye care diagnosis and procedures.
Medical Specialists Who Diagnose & Treat the EyesLearn about health professionals that specialize in eye care and diagnostic techniques they use.
Terminology of Eye-Related Diagnostic ProceduresFind out how disorders of the eyes are diagnosed.
Eyeball, Eyelid & Orbit Procedure VocabularyDefine key procedures used to treat a variety of eye conditions.
Cataracts, Lenses & Laser Eye Treatment Vocabulary Learn about methods used to treat cataracts as well as laser surgery for the eyes.

18 Lessons in Chapter 20: Medical Terms Related to the Eyes
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Function & Structure of the Eyes

1. Function & Structure of the Eyes

There are many structures associated with your eyes that protect them from harm and keep them moist. In this lesson, we look at these external and accessory structures, and learn how they help you see the world around you.

The Eye and Eyesight: Large Structures

2. The Eye and Eyesight: Large Structures

Would you be able to see anything without a lens in your eye? Does the lens change shape? Does the iris? What structure gives you your eye color? Find out all of this and about things like the ciliary muscles and the cornea as we delve into this lesson.

Receptors of the Back of the Eye: Retina, Rods, Cones & Fovea

3. Receptors of the Back of the Eye: Retina, Rods, Cones & Fovea

Find out how we see the world in color, what rods and cones are, and how camera film fits into all of this. In addition, you'll find out what the retina is and what gives you the ability to see at night.

Detailed Structures of the Eyeball

4. Detailed Structures of the Eyeball

Your eyeballs are a lot like fluid-filled balloons wearing three coats or tunics. Structures within these tunics allow you to see colors, focus on objects, and see in dim light. Learn about the structures of the eyeballs and how they help you see.

Structures of the Uveal Tract

5. Structures of the Uveal Tract

Grapes, blue colors, brown colors, green colors and black colors are all a strange but true part of this lesson on a particular part of your eye, called the uveal tract. What is it? Take a look!

Actions of the Eye

6. Actions of the Eye

This lesson goes over some of the normal actions of the eyes with respect to vision: visual acuity, convergence, accommodation, emmetropia, and refraction.

Eyelid Pathologies: Medical Vocabulary

7. Eyelid Pathologies: Medical Vocabulary

Do you get puffy eyes in the morning? Do you know why people get puffy eyes? Or do you know about any other strange problems affecting the eyelids? This lesson defines several problems affecting our eyelids.

Eye Condition Terms: Uveal Tract, Iris, Sclera & Cornea

8. Eye Condition Terms: Uveal Tract, Iris, Sclera & Cornea

While your eyes are certainly beautiful, they can experience some ugly problems. Some might be caused by your pet cat and others by nasty bacteria. Find out what they are, here!

Major Disorders of the Eye: Definitions & Terminology

9. Major Disorders of the Eye: Definitions & Terminology

Have you ever seen those weird-looking spots or specks in your field of vision randomly floating about? This lesson tells you what they are and defines many other weird and wonderful conditions of the eye.

Glaucoma & Macular Degeneration Vocabulary

10. Glaucoma & Macular Degeneration Vocabulary

There are two major conditions that can threaten what some consider your most precious sense. They are called glaucoma and macular degeneration. These conditions and their major types are defined herein.

Functional Defects of the Eye: Terminology

11. Functional Defects of the Eye: Terminology

Cross-eyed, wall-eyed, old-eyed, double vision, night blind, color blind. All of those are pretty familiar sounding terms to you, right? But do you know the technical terms for them? If you don't, then get going on this lesson!

Refractive Disorders of the Eye: Vocabulary

12. Refractive Disorders of the Eye: Vocabulary

Are you nearsighted? Farsighted? Neither? All three conditions actually have really weird technical terms. This lesson goes over them as we take a look at refractive disorders.

Blindness & Vision Impairment: Medical Vocabulary

13. Blindness & Vision Impairment: Medical Vocabulary

Do you know what blindness really is? Can you tell me both definitions for it? And have you ever heard of scotoma or amblyopia? I'm sure you have, as they have very common names you've heard of before.

Pathologies of Structures Related to the Eye: Vocabulary

14. Pathologies of Structures Related to the Eye: Vocabulary

Pink eye, dry eye, and more! Eye don't know what to say. There's a lot of problems our eyes can have. This lesson teaches you the proper medical terminology for all of these and more!

Medical Specialists Who Diagnose & Treat the Eyes

15. Medical Specialists Who Diagnose & Treat the Eyes

What is an eye doctor? Is there more than one? What's the difference between them? This lesson defines an ophthalmologist and optometrist and discusses their differences and similarities.

Terminology of Eye-Related Diagnostic Procedures

16. Terminology of Eye-Related Diagnostic Procedures

How do we diagnose problems with the eye? What problems are there to diagnose? This lesson goes over vision and some of the diagnostic procedures of the eyes.

Eyeball, Eyelid & Orbit Procedure Vocabulary

17. Eyeball, Eyelid & Orbit Procedure Vocabulary

The cornea, conjunctiva, orbit, eye, and even fluid within the eye can all have procedures performed on them. This lesson will define many of these, such as vitrectomy, iridectomy, keratoplasty, and many others.

Cataracts, Lenses & Laser Eye Treatment Vocabulary

18. Cataracts, Lenses & Laser Eye Treatment Vocabulary

Sound waves, light waves, and just plain surgery can all be used to correct your vision. Whether it's the famous LASIK or phacoemulsification, this lesson defines many of these corrective procedures that help a person see better.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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