About This Chapter
The Fall of the Roman Empire - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter examines the complex, rich details behind the Roman Empire's collapse, including its division into Eastern and Western empires, emperors, mystery cults, religions and more. Watch the videos if you're studying for a history test, need help with a homework assignment or just want to boost your general knowledge of the fall of the Roman Empire. Lessons in this chapter feature short self-assessment quizzed designed to assess your understanding of concepts covered. Topics include:
- Augustus Caesar, the early Roman Empire and Augustus' propagandists
- Emperors of the Julio-Claudian, Flavian, Nervan-Antoine and Serveran dynasties
- Roman Empire division, the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity
- The fall of Rome, Justinian's code of law and emperors following Constantine
|The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar||Study the reign of Augustus Caesar and details about the early Roman Empire.|
|Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid||Explore the contributions Virgil, Horace and Ovid made to Octavian's coup.|
|Judaism and Christianity in the Roman Empire||Differentiate between Christianity and Judaism, and examine their places in history.|
|Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty||Read about the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, including Augustus, Caligula, Nero and Claudias.|
|The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty||Find out about Domitian, Vespasian, Vitellius, Titan, Otho and Galba.|
|The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty||Examine emperors Nerva, Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius, Trajan and Hadrian and the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty.|
|Emperors of the Severan Dynasty||Review the Severan Dynasty's emperors, including Caracalla, Macrinus and Septimius Severus.|
|Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis||Describe the Tetrachy of Diocletian and the Crisis of the Third Century.|
|The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity||Look at how Christianity became the state religion, and examine the conversion of Constantine.|
|The Fall of Rome||Examine reasons for Rome's downfall and the impact of this fall.|
|Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine||Read about the emperors who ruled after Constantine, including Justinian and his code of law.|
1. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar
This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.
2. Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid
This lesson explores the role of poetry in Augustus' rise to power. We look at the contributions of Virgil and Horace, two poets brought to Augustus' aid by his friend Maecenas. We also look at the legacy of Ovid, a poet who seems to have raised the emperor's ire.
3. Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty
This lesson will explain the soap opera-like reign of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty. Highlighting the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero, it will shed light on the Roman Empire's first ruling dynasty.
4. The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty
This lesson will explore the famous Flavian emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. It will explain how this dynasty came to power during the Year of the Four Emperors. It will also highlight the details of each emperor's reign.
5. The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty
This lesson will identify the emperors of the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty. It will explain the rule of the Five Good Emperors of the era, while also highlighting the rule of Commodus, the last of the dynasty's emperors.
6. Emperors of the Severan Dynasty
This lesson focuses on the Severan Dynasty, which ruled Rome from 193 CE to 235 CE. Although the lesson explains the military and social reforms of this dynasty, it also highlights the outlandish personalities of the individual rulers.
7. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis
This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.
8. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity
This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.
9. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
10. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine
This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.
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Other chapters within the History 101: Western Civilization I course
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Dark Ages
- The Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- The High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era
- Studying for History 101