About This Chapter
The Foundation of Language - Chapter Summary
Ensure you have a comprehensive understanding of the foundation of language with this chapter's bite-sized lessons. Our instructors make it easy to comprehend phonology, semantics, sociolinguistics and much more. Once you've finished this chapter, you will be able to:
- Define and list the basic units of language
- Share the rules of phonology
- Describe the study of morphology
- Provide the definition and examples of semantics
- Explain the role of syntax in writing
- Discuss the basics of sociolinguistics and ethnography
- Detail the role discourse plays in language development
- Exhibit knowledge of the impact social factors have on second language acquisition
Tailor your review of this chapter to your personal study needs and schedule. Access any number of lessons, navigate them in any order, and visit them as often as you'd like. When you're ready, check your knowledge of the foundation of language by taking the mini quizzes and practice exam. Any questions that arise while you're exploring the lessons can be submitted to our experts using the Dashboard.
1. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
2. Phonology: Definition, Rules & Examples
All languages follow a specific set of rules that determine how we sound when speaking. The study of these rules is called phonology. This lesson will introduce you to phonology and provide several examples of phonological processes.
3. Morphology of English: Definition & Studies
Morphology is the study of parts of language and how we use these parts to form words. In this lesson you'll find out the building blocks of language and how to use these blocks to construct words and deconstruct sentences. A short quiz follows.
4. What Is Semantics? - Definition & Examples
Semantics, or the study of relationships between words and how we construct meaning, sheds light on how we experience the world and how we understand others and ourselves. Explore this concept with a definition and examples, and then check out the quiz to challenge your newfound knowledge.
5. Syntax in Writing: Definition & Examples
Syntax is how a writer puts his words together to create effect and artistry. Learn more about syntax and how authors use it to convey intent and cause impact for their readers.
6. The Role of Discourse in Language Development
In this lesson, you'll learn about the role that discourse plays in language development, This applies in both native language and foreign language learning situations.
7. Understanding Sociolinguistics: Social and Linguistic Variation
This lesson will seek to explain the study of sociolinguistics and the concept of ethnography. It will highlight the variations that region, class, relationship, and gender cause in language.
8. Sociolinguistic Concepts & Second Language Acquisition
This lesson looks at the connection between social factors and how we learn a second language. You'll also learn several key concepts from the field of sociolinguistics, including register, dialect, and style.
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Other chapters within the MTEL English as a Second Language (54): Practice & Study Guide course
- Principles of Language Acquisition & Development for ESL
- Influences on Language Development for ESL Students
- Instructional Approaches in ESL for Massachusetts Teachers
- Diversity in ESL Students
- Oral Language Instruction for ESL Students
- Reading Development & Skills
- Reading Instruction for ESL Students
- Writing Instruction for ESL Students
- Content Area Learning for ESL Students
- Assessments for ESL Students
- Timed Essay Writing
- MTEL English as a Second Language Flashcards