About This Chapter
The Fundamentals of Sociolinguistics - Chapter Summary
This self-paced chapter simplifies the process of studying the fundamentals of sociolinguistics. Enjoy access to a variety of engaging lessons that can improve your knowledge of concepts that include linguistic diversity, pragmatics code switching in the classroom and social and linguistic variation. Once you've completed this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Explain how social factors can impact how we learn a second language
- List stages of acquisition as individuals develop the ability to speak English as a second language
- Differentiate between immersion, bilingual education and multicultural education
- Detail ways children attain pragmatic knowledge about language
- Describe differences between informal and formal language in language acquisition
- Discuss how children with dialectic differences use and develop English
- Share ways teachers instruct ESOL students about variations in the English language
- List ways teachers can model oral and written communication skills in the classroom
Feel free to tailor your review of this chapter to your personal schedule and study needs. Access the lessons anytime using your computer or mobile device, navigate them in any order, and visit them as often as you'd like. Check your knowledge of the fundamentals of sociolinguistics by taking short quizzes and a practice exam. If you have questions about specific lesson topics, feel free to submit them to our experts using the Dashboard.
1. Linguistic Diversity: Definition & Overview
Language can be considered a particularly human invention. People need language to communicate with one another in order to survive. This lesson explores why there are so many languages and how these languages may be compared.
2. Understanding Sociolinguistics: Social and Linguistic Variation
This lesson will seek to explain the study of sociolinguistics and the concept of ethnography. It will highlight the variations that region, class, relationship, and gender cause in language.
3. Sociolinguistic Concepts & Second Language Acquisition
This lesson looks at the connection between social factors and how we learn a second language. You'll also learn several key concepts from the field of sociolinguistics, including register, dialect, and style.
4. English as a Second Language in the Classroom: Acquisition & Development
Learning a second language can be very difficult and can put students behind on their regular education. In this lesson, explore the stages of language acquisition and discover tricks to help students develop English as a second language.
5. Bilingual Education, Immersion & Multicultural Education
Educators use many approaches for second-language instruction. The approaches vary based on the individual needs of the learner, focusing on his or her current language abilities, background, and cultural experiences. This lesson will differentiate between the different types of second-language instruction, including immersion, bilingual education, and multicultural education.
6. Code Switching in the Classroom
In this lesson, we will examine code switching: what it is, how we use it, and how we can practice using it in the classroom in order to reach out to students and speak their language.
7. What is Pragmatics? - Definition & Examples
You use pragmatics on an everyday basis, but do you know how? Watch this video lesson to not only learn the meaning of pragmatics but also how you use it every day.
8. How Children Acquire Pragmatic Knowledge about Language
After watching this video lesson, you will know how children learn to speak. See how children first associate words with objects, progress to sentences and abstract thoughts, and eventually learn the rules of grammar.
9. Informal vs. Formal Language in Language Acquisition
English language learners learn formally, through instruction, or informally. Which is best? This lesson identifies the differences between the two and discusses the benefits of each to help you understand best practices for language development.
10. How Children With Dialectal Differences Develop & Use English
In this lesson, you'll learn about the different dialects of American English and how children of differing backgrounds develop and use English according to the rules of their dialects.
11. Teaching ESOL Students About English Language Variation
When you teach English to speakers of other languages it is often necessary to refer not only to formal expressions but also to slang, jargon, and other forms of English your students are likely to come across in daily life. This lesson is about how to approach those language variations.
12. Modeling Oral & Written Communication Skills in the Classroom
In this lesson, we'll discuss relevant techniques for modeling appropriate oral and written communication skills in the classroom. We'll also explore what modeling means and how to use this approach to enhance student performance and participation.
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Other chapters within the MTTC English as a Second Language (086): Practice & Study Guide course
- Language Development & Linguistics
- The Fundamentals of Culture
- Culture in Language Development
- Cultural Competence & Inclusivity in the Classroom
- Second Language Acquisition for ELL Teachers
- Influences on Second Language Acquisition
- Instructional Practices for ELL Teachers
- Activities & Resources for ELL Classrooms
- Listening & Speaking Instruction for ELL Students
- Reading Instruction for ELL Students
- Writing Instruction for ELL Students
- Content-Based Instruction for ELL Students
- Assessments for English Language Learners
- Issues in ELL Assessment
- Foundations of ESL Programs
- Roles & Responsibilities of ESL Teachers
- MTTC English as a Second Language Flashcards