About This Chapter
The Geography of Languages, Religions, and Material Culture - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
If you're new to the field of cultural geography, let instructors in this chapter introduce you to the world's major languages and religions and point out factors affecting their dispersal. Our experienced educators can also get you acquainted with the interdisciplinary field used to study the relationships between objects and the meanings or ideas we associate with them. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- Definition of material culture
- Characteristics of language by geographical region
- Differences between monotheism, polytheism, and nontheism
- Causes of conflict among religious groups sharing the same geographical region
|Language and Language Regions||Defines language and describes the concept of dialect geography.|
|The Development and Diffusion of the World's Major Languages||Provides an overview of the dispersal of the world's major languages.|
|The Geography of Writing the World's Major Languages||Discusses the geography of languages that are represented by an alphabet and those that rely on symbols.|
|Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions||Explains concepts of religion, including the sacred and profane, ritual, faith, totem, church, sect, and cult.|
|Monotheism: Islam, Judaism, & Christianity||Defines monotheism and discusses the basic ideologies of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.|
|Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism, & Confucianism||Explores the basic ideologies of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism. Explains how Confucianism, although not polytheistic, is similar to Hinduism.|
|Animism and Shamanism||Outlines the basic ideologies of Animism and Shamanism.|
|The Development and Diffusion of the World's Major Religions||Describes the dispersal of the world's major regions.|
|Geography of Religion: Political and Social Impacts||Explains political and social factors impacting the geography of religion and explores why territorial conflicts arise among religious groups.|
|Material Culture||Provides examples of material culture before exploring how it relates to geography.|
1. Language & Language Regions: Definitions & Dialects
Do you know what lolly water is? How about gym boots? In this lesson, you'll consider how word choices, accent and pronunciation are all part of our use of language and how this varies by region.
2. The World's Major Languages: Development & Diffusion
Can you guess the most widely spoken languages in the world? This lesson will explore the evolution of languages and how linguists aim to understand them.
3. The World's Major Written Languages: Letters & Symbols
In this lesson, we explore how written language is expressed in different areas of the world. You'll see examples of other languages that operate with their own characteristics to document information important to that culture.
4. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions
Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.
5. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity
In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.
6. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism
Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
7. Animism & Shamanism: Definitions, Worldviews & Ideologies
In this lesson, we look at the basics of animism and shamanism and why these categories can be controversial. You'll imagine the conversations among anthropologists as they aim to better understand these beliefs.
8. Geography of Religion: Political & Social Impacts
In this lesson, you'll consider why geographers take an interest in the religions of people around the world. We'll also discuss how conflicts arise between groups with different beliefs and experiences.
9. Material Culture in Sociology: Definition, Studies & Examples
In this lesson, we look at the study of material objects, and how they take on meaning in a culture. You'll learn about insights that can be gained by studying material culture and consider examples, such as cell phones, bicycles, and the Stanley Cup trophy.
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Other chapters within the Geography 101: Human & Cultural Geography course
- Introduction to Human & Cultural Geography
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity & Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Modern Economic Systems
- Political Geography
- Impacts of Humans on the Environment
- Renewable Resources
- Nonrenewable Resources
- Food and Agriculture
- Studying for Geography 101