About This Chapter
The Great Depression & World War II (1929-1945) - Chapter Summary
If you need to brush up on the history of the Great Depression and World War II, then this chapter is for you. Consisting of fun video lessons, this chapter focuses on significant events and conflicts from 1929-1945, including the 1929 Wall Street Crash, the New Deal, the Pearl Harbor attack, the Yalta Conference and much more. When you're finished with the chapter, you should be able to:
- Name the causes of the Great Depression, including the Wall Street crash of 1929
- Describe the cultural and economic nature of America during the Great Depression
- Analyze Roosevelt's First and Second New Deal
- Discuss the beginning of World War II
- Assess the impact of the Holocaust, the attack on Pearl Harbor, the D-Day invasion and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
- Evaluate the Pacific and European theaters of WWII
- Talk about the United States' involvement during WWII
- Recognize the results of the Yalta and Potsdam conferences
The chapter comes equipped with plenty of self-assessments to help you reinforce your historical knowledge. Print the lesson transcripts to follow along with the lesson narrators, and watch the lessons at any time using your computer or mobile device. You can also reach out to our subject-matter experts if you have any questions about this historical era.
1. The Great Depression: The Wall Street Crash of 1929 and Other Causes
October 29, 1929, marked the beginning of the Great Depression in the United States. Learn about this event, including the factors that contributed to the collapse of the American economy.
2. America During the Great Depression: The Dust Bowl, Unemployment & Cultural Issues
The Great Depression was a period of economic hardship for a majority of Americans. Learn about the devastating conditions created by the Depression and the American response to the tragedy.
3. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the First New Deal: The First 100 Days
President Franklin Roosevelt's first New Deal program represented an aggressive legislative campaign to relieve American suffering and end the Great Depression. Learn more about the first 100 days of the New Deal.
4. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Second New Deal
President Franklin Roosevelt's second New Deal represented a more conservative approach to battling the Great Depression. Learn more about the program, including its legislation and legacy.
5. World War II: The Start of the Second World War
Learn all about the start of World War II and why the League of Nations could not stop aggression by Italy, Germany and Japan in the 1930s, which led to the outbreak of this second global conflict.
6. The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany
The Holocaust was the persecution and mass murder of as many as 11 million people by Adolf Hitler and the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. Learn about the people they targeted, the progression of events leading up to the Final Solution and the end of the genocide in this lesson.
7. The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack against Allied possessions in the Pacific, including the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After decades of conflict between the two nations, the U.S. declared war.
8. The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. The Allies
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States entered WWII. Watch this video to learn about some of the key battles, as well as the general nature, of the Pacific theater of the war.
9. The United States During WWII: The Home Front
When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, life changed almost overnight for those on the battle front and on the home front. Learn about the war's dramatic and lasting effects on American government, economy and society.
10. The European Theater in WWII: The Eastern Front, Western Front & Fight for North Africa
Hitler and Nazi Germany dominated the European fields of battle early in WWII. This lesson is an overview of key military operations between 1939 and 1943 in Europe on both the Eastern and Western fronts.
11. The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany
Operation Overlord, the invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe, began with the D-Day landings on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944, with Hitler's last stand taking place at the Battle of the Bulge. Learn about these and other events that contributed to the end of Nazi Germany.
12. Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII
As America and its WWII allies considered invading Japan, the Manhattan Project successfully developed an atomic weapon. Its use on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, precipitated VJ Day, the end of the Pacific war, on August 14, 1945.
13. The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II
Throughout the course of WWII, leaders of many Allied nations met many times to discuss strategy. Then, near the end of the war, two historic conferences shaped the post-war world.
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Other chapters within the TASC Social Studies: Prep and Practice course
- Reading & Analysis Skills
- World History (8000 BCE to 600 CE)
- World History (600 to 1600)
- World History (1600 to 1930)
- World History (1930 to Present)
- American Revolution & the New Nation (1754-1820s)
- U.S. Expansion & Reform (1801-1861)
- U.S. Civil War (1850-1877)
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- World Events & Politics After World War II (1946-1959)
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- Contemporary United States (1976-Present)
- Federalism in the US
- Government & Civics Basics
- Civil Liberties in the U.S.
- Civil Rights in the U.S.
- Election Process
- Fundamentals of Political Culture & Public Opinion
- Public Policy Overview
- Role and Influence of the U.S. Media
- Foundations of Economics
- Basic Geography Tools & Concepts
- Physical Features of the Earth & the Environment
- Overview & Effects of Human Migration
- TASC Social Studies Flashcards