About This Chapter
The Great Depression & World War II in America - Chapter Summary
You've probably heard of the Great Depression, and may even have relatives or family friends who can tell stories about life during those times when money and necessities were extremely scarce. In this chapter, you can learn about the events leading up to this economic disaster. The lessons also explore the actions leading to the outbreak of World War II and describe what it was like in America during the war years. You'll learn about the following topics in this chapter:
- The Wall Street crash
- The Dust Bowl
- Presidents Hoover and Roosevelt
- The New Deal
- The start of WWII
- The Yalta and Potsdam conferences
The Great Depression & World War II in America - Objectives
This chapter on the Great Depression and the beginning of World War II can help prepare you to take the Regents Exam that you need to receive a Regents Diploma in the state of New York. The U.S. History and Government Exam is one of five exams that you'll need at least a score of 65 to pass. Part I of the exam contains 50 multiple-choice questions, Part II features a thematic essay question and Part III is a series of free-response questions and an essay question based on historical documents.
Each of the lessons in this chapter is accompanied by a multiple-choice quiz that can help prepare you for the type of questions you'll see on the Regents Exam. You can also use the written transcripts to quickly review key terms from each of the videos.
1. The Great Depression: The Wall Street Crash of 1929 and Other Causes
October 29, 1929, marked the beginning of the Great Depression in the United States. Learn about this event, including the factors that contributed to the collapse of the American economy.
2. America During the Great Depression: The Dust Bowl, Unemployment & Cultural Issues
The Great Depression was a period of economic hardship for a majority of Americans. Learn about the devastating conditions created by the Depression and the American response to the tragedy.
3. President Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression
During his tenure, President Herbert Hoover attempted to end the Great Depression. Learn about his various policies in dealing with the economic collapse and their overall impact on the Depression in this video lesson.
4. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the First New Deal: The First 100 Days
President Franklin Roosevelt's first New Deal program represented an aggressive legislative campaign to relieve American suffering and end the Great Depression. Learn more about the first 100 days of the New Deal.
5. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Second New Deal
President Franklin Roosevelt's second New Deal represented a more conservative approach to battling the Great Depression. Learn more about the program, including its legislation and legacy.
6. World War II: The Start of the Second World War
Learn all about the start of World War II and why the League of Nations could not stop aggression by Italy, Germany and Japan in the 1930s, which led to the outbreak of this second global conflict.
7. The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II
On December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack against Allied possessions in the Pacific, including the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After decades of conflict between the two nations, the U.S. declared war.
8. The United States During WWII: The Home Front
When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, life changed almost overnight for those on the battle front and on the home front. Learn about the war's dramatic and lasting effects on American government, economy and society.
9. The Yalta Conference and The Potsdam Conference: US Diplomacy & International Politics During World War II
Throughout the course of WWII, leaders of many Allied nations met many times to discuss strategy. Then, near the end of the war, two historic conferences shaped the post-war world.
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Other chapters within the NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Test Prep & Practice course
- Colonial Period and Road to Revolution
- The American Revolution
- The US Government in 1776-1800
- The Virginia Dynasty & Jacksonian Democracy
- Manifest Destiny & Westward Expansion
- Build Up to the American Civil War
- American Civil War & Reconstruction
- Industrialization and Urbanization from 1870-1900
- The Progressive Era & American Imperialism
- The 1920s in America
- Cold War & Activism in America
- The 1970s in America
- The 1980s Through Today
- NY Regents Exam - US History and Government Flashcards