About This Chapter
The Health of Older Adults - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Each human age group has its own particular health challenges, and senior citizens are no exception. In this chapter, knowledgeable instructors will present the various issues that might affect the elderly. You can learn about the changes that take place and the biology of aging. On one hand, you will be introduced to topics related to disease and illness. On the flip side, you can also hear or read about the possibilities for continued fitness, health and sexual activity for seniors. By the end of this chapter, you should understand the following:
- Various theories of aging
- Major categories of disease in older adults
- How the environment and genetics affect longevity
- Types of coping mechanisms related to illness
- Health care services and settings available to seniors
|Health & Wellness: Definition and Dimensions||Define health and wellness and discuss the following dimensions: social, emotional, spiritual, environmental, occupational, intellectual and physical wellness.|
|Objective, Subjective & Functional Health||Define and discuss objective, subjective and functional health.|
|Ego Integrity vs. Despair||Discuss and define life review and Erikson's final stage of development.|
|Physical, Psychological and Emotional Changes in Adults||Recognize normal changes that occur in adults physically, psychologically, and emotionally.|
|Theories of Aging: Rate-of-Living, Cellular & Programmed-Cell-Death||Discuss theories of aging such as the rate-of-living, cellular and programmed-cell-death theories.|
|Intro to Biological Psychology||Understand the foundations of biological psychology.|
|Senescence & the Biology of Aging||Identify and discuss factors affecting aging/senescence, such as nutrition, stress, exercise, lifestyle, substance abuse and genetics. Also discuss commonalities in aging.|
|Chronic vs. Acute Disease in Older Adults||Differentiate between chronic and acute disease.|
|Health & Illness of the Aging Population: Definition & Trends||Define health and illness. Identify what normative age-related changes occur in the immune system and developmental trends in chronic and acute diseases.|
|Aging vs. Disease: Differences & Examples||Discuss aging vs. disease.|
|Health, Fitness, and Sexuality in Late Adulthood||Discuss health, fitness and sexuality concerns in late adulthood.|
|Major Diseases Among Older People||Identify and describe major illnesses among older people.|
|Causes of Morbidity & Mortality Across the Life Cycle||Discuss causes of morbidity and mortality across the life cycle.|
|Human Longevity: The Influence of Genetic & Environmental Factors||Explain the average and the maximum longevity for humans, in addition to the environmental factors that influence longevity.|
|Medicating the Elderly: Trends, Impact & Consequences||Discuss trends, consequences and effects of medication use among the elderly.|
|Functional Health & Disability: Definition & Major Issues||Explain functional health.|
|Older People's Coping Mechanisms for Illness||Identify and describe various coping mechanisms for older people dealing with illness.|
|Health Care Treatment in Late Adulthood||Discuss health treatments, facilities and costs in late adulthood.|
|Health Care: Awareness, Attitudes, & Prevention||Discuss health care awareness, attitudes and disease prevention.|
|Community-Based Health Care Services for the Elderly||Identify and discuss various types of community-based health care services for the elderly.|
|Institutional Care for the Elderly||Discuss institutional care of the elderly.|
1. Health & Wellness: Definition and Dimensions
It's important to be happy and healthy! This lesson will contrast between health and wellness as well as what the different dimension of wellness are and how they interact.
2. Objective, Subjective & Functional Health
Health is an important part of life, but did you know that there are many different types of health? Watch this lesson to find out the differences in subjective, objective, and functional health, and how they work together in a person's life.
3. Ego Integrity vs. Despair
During late adulthood, many people reflect on their lives. In this lesson, we'll examine the crisis of ego identity versus despair that people face in later life, including the three tasks that must be accomplished to reach ego identity.
4. Physical, Psychological and Emotional Changes in Adults
As an adult you establish a unique identity, reach the proverbial midlife crisis, and eventually succumb to old age. In this lesson, learn about the physical, psychological, and emotional changes that take place along this journey.
5. Theories of Aging: Rate-of-Living, Cellular & Programmed-Cell-Death
This lesson focuses on various theories of how living cells age and die, resulting in the people with those cells aging and dying. We'll look at broad definitions, as well as some of the popular sub-theories.
6. Intro to Biological Psychology
What are the biological factors that affect our behavior? In this lesson, you'll take a look at biological psychology, which looks at the interplay between biological processes and mental states.
7. Senescence & the Biology of Aging
As people grow older, their bodies start to show signs of aging. In this lesson, we'll examine biological aging, also called senescence, including what it is, how it affects older adults, and what factors can affect how people age.
8. Chronic vs. Acute Disease in Older Adults
It seems like older adults get sick a lot more than younger adults. But is this always true? In this lesson, we'll explore the differences in chronic and acute illnesses and how older adults are different, health-wise, from younger ones.
9. Health & Illness of the Aging Population: Definition & Trends
In this lesson, we will examine the changes that occurs to the immune system as a person ages. In addition to this, we examine the difference between what it means to be healthy and what it means to be ill, as well as different types of diseases that may afflict you.
10. Aging vs. Disease: Differences & Examples
This lesson looks into the differentiation between what is considered normal, or primary, aging and what is considered abnormal, or secondary, aging. In addition, we will look at how an often misunderstood disease fits into this.
11. Health, Fitness, and Sexuality in Late Adulthood
As people age, their bodies change. But what does that mean in terms of health, fitness, and sexuality? Watch this lesson for information on how diet and exercise impact health and how sexuality changes in late life.
12. Causes of Morbidity & Mortality Across the Life Cycle
In this lesson, we will go age category by age category and examine the common causes of death, as well as why we would expect to see these causes at these particular ages. With this lesson, you should understand the progression that occurs throughout a life cycle.
13. Human Longevity: The Influence of Genetic & Environmental Factors
Here we will discuss the human life span, with specific interest in average life span by gender, as well as what factors are likely contribute to lengthening and shortening a life span.
14. Medicating the Elderly: Trends, Impact & Consequences
We will discuss how medication use increases in most elderly and why certain elderly may refuse to take their medication. In addition, we will discuss certain issues with medication and the elderly, such as metabolizing, effect and administration.
15. Functional Health & Disability: Definition & Major Issues
This lesson looks at the functional health issues of the mechanical system. In other words, we examine the human body, why it fails and what happens when it does.
16. Older People's Coping Mechanisms for Illness
As people age, illness and other changes can be a major challenge. In this lesson, we'll look at the coping mechanisms that people use to deal with life changes, including the difference between internal and external coping mechanisms.
17. Health Care Treatment in Late Adulthood
As people age, their bodies change, but what exactly does that mean in terms of health care? Watch this lesson to find out more about illness and disease in late adulthood, as well as the types of health care facilities often frequented in later life.
18. Health Care: Awareness, Attitudes, & Prevention
During late life, health issues can become both more common and more serious. But health can be impacted by a person's attitudes and behaviors. In this lesson, we'll explore how prevention and attitude can play a role in older people's health.
19. Community-Based Health Care Services for the Elderly
Many people work hard to bring health care to elderly patients without making them travel to the doctor. Watch this video to find out about community-based health care options for the elderly, including what they are and common types of them.
20. Institutional Care for Older Adults
As people age, staying in their home is not always possible. In this lesson, we'll explore institutional care for older adults, including examining different types of institutional care and how to know if a person is ready for it.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
- Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Personality & Older Adulthood
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults