About This Chapter
The History of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter on the history of counseling and psychotherapy over the decades is taught by knowledgeable and experienced instructors. The lessons begin by exploring the development of counseling methods as far back as the 14th century. You'll learn about the early years of counseling from 1900-1940, with an examination of how vocational and guidance counseling developed. In addition, you'll study the growth of counseling as a professional option between 1940 and 1980 and analyze challenges for counselors in the new millennium, including the rise of brief counseling and the effects of the advent of the Internet. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- The early development of counseling
- The rise of vocational guidance counseling
- The emergence of counseling as a profession
- The history of counseling theories and associations
- Modern-day challenges in counseling
|The History of Counseling: Before 1900||Understand the development of important counseling methods, looking at early pioneers in the field, such as St. Augustine, Johann Weyer and Wilhelm Wundt.|
|The Early Years of Counseling: 1900-1940||Chronicle the rise of vocational and educational counseling, looking specifically at the work of Frank Parsons, William Healy and E.G. Williamson from 1900-1940.|
|Counseling as a Profession: 1940-1980||Discuss the growth of counseling and psychotherapy as a profession between 1940 and 1950, as well as the effects of World War II on the counseling field.|
|Counseling Challenges in the New Millennium||Analyze changes in counseling views and methods in the new millennium, including the need for multicultural counseling, increased counseling regulations and the rise of brief counseling.|
1. The History of Counseling: Before 1900
Counseling is a relatively new field, having really only begun after 1900. But even before counseling became an important part of mental health, there were significant breakthroughs that laid the groundwork for it. Watch this lesson for more.
2. The Early Years of Counseling: 1900 - 1940
Did you know what type of counseling saw its beginning in the early 1900s? In this lesson, we will look into the rise of vocational counseling, aptitude tests and youth mental health clinics.
3. Counseling as a Profession: 1940 - 1980
How did counseling become what it is today? In this lesson, we will answer that question and look further into the growth of the field from 1940-1980.
4. Counseling Challenges in the New Millennium
The counseling field has seen a lot of changes in the new millennium. In this lesson, we will talk about three types of counseling that came about during this time and continue to grow today.
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Other chapters within the Counseling 101: Fundamentals of Counseling course
- The Professional Counselor
- The Counseling Process
- Theoretical Approaches in Counseling
- Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling
- Human Growth and Development in Counseling
- School Counseling
- Mental Health, Substance Abuse & Rehabilitation Counseling
- Social and Cultural Elements of Counseling
- Marriage and Family Counseling
- Career Counseling
- Group Counseling