About This Chapter
The History & Societal Contexts of Science - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll find lessons on the history and societal contexts of science. You'll explore major theories, events and contributions throughout the history of science, such as the Copernican revolution and the theory of relativity. Additional lessons cover the biography and atomic theory of John Dalton and Louis Pasteur's germ theory of disease. After finishing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify various scientists from diverse backgrounds
- Design culturally diverse science instruction
- Discuss the influences on science as a human endeavor
- Detail the impact of technology, economic activity and science on societies
- Apply the scientific model to the decision-making process
- Describe the formula of theoretical probability
- Provide examples of risk-benefit analysis
- Define scientific literacy and provide examples
Our mobile-friendly learning materials are accessible 24 hours a day for flexible and convenient studying. Each lesson is accompanied by a short self-assessment quiz to help you retain what you've studied. Take your time as you work through these study tools, and feel free to submit your questions to one of our instructors through the Dashboard.
1. The History of Science: Events, Contributions & Theories
In this lesson, we discuss a few significant events in science's history. We will see how science has changed over the years as we start to question what we think we know.
2. The Copernican Revolution
This lesson will discuss a famous astronomer by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus, his early history, his revolutionary idea, and why his model of the universe was actually wrong.
3. Theory of Relativity: Definition & Example
Watch this video lesson, and you will learn about the theory of special relativity and how it applies to you. Learn how you can use one of the most famous equations from this theory to calculate the power inside just one tiny object.
4. Who Was John Dalton? - Biography, Atomic Theory & Discovery
In this lesson, we will learn about John Dalton. We will learn about his life and how important learning and discovery was to him. We will also learn about his atomic theory and how it is important today.
5. The Germ Theory of Disease: Definition & Louis Pasteur
In this lesson, we will look at one of the most influential experiments in the field of microbiology. We will learn how Louis Pasteur disproved the theory of spontaneous generation which helped lead to the development of the germ theory of disease.
6. Important Faces of Diversity in Science
Diversity in science is important and valuable, and has been shown to improve scientific results. Learn about some of the important faces of diversity in this field. Then take a quiz to see what you've learned.
7. Designing Culturally Diverse Science Instruction
Cultural awareness is a big part of being a teacher today, as our schools are becoming more diverse. In this lesson, we'll learn how to integrate contributions to science from diverse cultures into your curriculum.
8. The Influences on Science as a Human Endeavor
Science is loved by many and criticized by some. What is there to love and dislike about it? This lesson answers this question from a personal, cultural, and global standpoint.
9. How Science, Technology & Economic Activity Shape Societies
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science, technology and economic activity have shaped human societies, from the agricultural revolution to the Industrial Revolution to the digital age. A short quiz will follow.
10. Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process
You've conducted the research and compiled it all together. Now what? What good is 300 pages of research if it is too complex to convey? You can turn it into a model and teach others, but be wary of the pitfalls.
11. What is Theoretical Probability? - Definition, Formula & Examples
Have you ever heard someone ask, 'What are the odds?' Usually what it is meant is, 'How likely is it that an event will happen?' This lesson explores finding the likelihood, or theoretical probability, that an event could occur.
12. Risk-Benefit Analysis: Definition & Example
What is a risk-benefit analysis? Learn about the information and steps needed to complete a risk-benefit analysis, and go through an example of how it's used in medicine.
13. Scientific Literacy: Definition & Examples
Understanding the physical and natural world around us requires a firm grasp of science literacy. In this lesson, we'll explore a definition of science literacy and look at some examples.
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Other chapters within the TExMaT Master Science Teacher EC-4 (090): Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Understanding Matter, Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
- Force & Newton's Laws of Motion
- Energy, Electricity, Sound & Light
- Fundamental Characteristics of Living Things
- Reproduction, Genetics & Evolution
- Ecosystems, Competition & Adaptations
- Earth's Natural Materials & Processes
- Hydrosphere & Atmosphere
- The Universe, Solar System & the Earth-Sun Relationship
- Nature of Science & Unifying Themes
- Methods of Scientific Inquiry
- Managing Scientific Data
- Science Education Safety
- Alignment of Texas Science Instruction for Young Learners
- Teaching Strategies for Science
- The Science Learning & Teaching Environment
- Understanding & Implementing Student Assessment
- Leadership, Communication & Collaboration in Science Education
- Mentoring & Professional Development for Texas Science Teachers
- Strategies & Resources for Teaching Science to Young Learners
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher EC-4 Flashcards