About This Chapter
The Institutions of The European Union (EU) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The European Union (EU) has established several sub-organizations to carry out necessary joint functions in banking, justice, and other operations that affect all members. In this chapter, you can learn about why these particular agencies have been created. You'll also get an overview of how they're set up and the ways in which they function. By the end of the chapter, you'll be able to:
- Name the major institutions of the European Union
- Describe the purpose of the European Union's institutions
- Understand how these primary agencies of the European Union function
- Identify the role and responsibilities of these entities
|The Structure and Purpose of the European Parliament||Get an overview this governing body and how it works.|
|The European Council: Organization and Function||Learn about the role of the European Council in member affairs.|
|The Council of the European Union: Description and Objective||Explore the duties of the Council in managing EU member relationships.|
|The Organization and Responsibilities of the European Commission||Understand the work of the European Commission and how it differs from other EU agencies.|
|Order and Authority of the Court of Justice of the European Union||Learn about law enforcement and legal dispute resolution as practiced within the EU's court.|
|The European Central Bank: Structure and Purpose||See the financial role of this banking agency.|
|The European Court of Auditors: Description and Function||Get the details about this court and how it works.|
1. The Structure and Purpose of the European Parliament (EP)
In this lesson, we explore the European Parliament, its history, how its delegates are elected, and how its mandate has changed over time as well as its growth as an institution.
2. The European Council: Organization and Function
In this lesson, we explore the European Council, an important and relatively recent institution of the European Union composed of the member states' leaders.
3. The Organization and Responsibilities of the European Commission (EC)
In this lesson, we explore the leading lawmaking organization of the European Union: the European Commission. We explore how its members are appointed and its wide mandate to govern Europe.
4. Order and Authority of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)
In this lesson, we explore the Court of Justice of the European Union, a court that has existed since Western Europe began international cooperation in the 1950s.
5. The European Central Bank (ECB): Structure and Purpose
In this lesson, we explore the European Central Bank, an institution created to help implement the Euro that manages currency and financial transactions across the Eurozone.
6. The European Court of Auditors: Description and Function
In this lesson, we explore the history and functions of the European Court of Auditors, the EU's premier independent financial watchdog organization since the 1970s.
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Other chapters within the History 109: Western Europe Since 1945 course
- Review of World War II
- The Cold War in Western & Eastern Europe
- The End of the Cold War
- National Developments in the Postwar Period
- The History of the European Union
- European Government, Political Processes, and Institutions
- European Political Parties
- European Issues and Policies
- Government of the United Kingdom
- Government of France
- Government of Spain
- Government of Germany
- Government of Italy