About This Chapter
The Medieval Warm Period
This chapter focuses on a historical period referred to as the Medieval Warm Period. Topics covered in these lessons include the development of new technologies, Romanesque art and architecture, the power structure of the Catholic Church of the time, and French and English political dynasties. By the end of the course, you should be familiar with topics and people like:
- Henry II of England
- Schisms between Eastern and Western Churches
- William the Conqueror
- The major Crusades
- Thomas Becket
|The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies||How climate shifts combined with new agricultural technologies allowed for new developments in the West.|
|The Eastern and Western Churches Split||The break between the Eastern and Western churches.|
|William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages||Anglo-Saxons vs Normans: How this plays out and how it influences the English Language and English politics.|
|The Roman Catholic Clergy||A look at the hierarchical structure of the Catholic Church from the Pope to the village priest.|
|The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church||The first major conflict between rulers and the centralized church.|
|The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and Decisions||A brief summary of the 4 Lateran Councils and their decisions.|
|Henry II of England and Phillip Augustus of France||A history starting from these two and running through the end of their respective dynasties.|
|Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture||Explore how these elements of the time period impacted the nature of Romanesque creativity|
|The Great Crusades: History & Timeline||A chronological recount of the major Crusades|
|Lasting Influence of the Crusades||The accomplishments and failures of the Crusades along with their lasting impact on the West.|
|The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce||How all these features combine to make towns and cities possible again.|
1. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies
In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.
2. The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches
This lesson will define and explain the Great Schism, which led to the formation of Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. In doing so, it will highlight the political and cultural factors that led to the the great divide.
3. William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages
This lesson will explore the life and deeds of William the Conqueror. In exploring the political backdrop of the Dark Ages, it will highlight the Battle of Hastings, the Bayeux Tapestry, and the Domesday Book.
4. The Roman Catholic Clergy
This lesson will list and describe the different members of the Medieval clergy. Beginning at the lower levels and ending with the Pope, it will outline the duties of each office.
5. The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church
This lesson will explore the Investiture Conflict of the 11th and 12th centuries. In doing so, it will highlight the roles of Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. It will also explain the Concordat of Worms.
6. The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and Decisions
This lesson will discuss the Four Lateran Councils held between the years 1123 and 1215 CE. In doing so, it will explore and highlight the main themes and decisions of each.
7. Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France
This lesson will explore the reigns of the Angevin Plantagenet kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John. It will also highlight their dealings with Philip Augustus of France.
8. Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture
The Romanesque style developed at a time when there were many changes going on. Learn how influences such as growing economies, larger populations, and political stability helped shape Romanesque art and architecture.
9. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline
This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.
10. Results and Impact of the Crusades
This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.
11. The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce
This lesson explores the urban revolution of the 12th century. We will examine the causes, especially the resurgence of trade, and then look at the various factors that made the revolution possible. Finally, we will discuss the impact of this revolution on Medieval Europe.
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Other chapters within the History 101: Western Civilization I course
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Dark Ages
- The Early Middle Ages
- The High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era
- Studying for History 101