Ch 9: Vocabulary for the Muscular System & Its Functions

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn about the human body's muscular system and how its parts work together. The quizzes that follow each lesson can help you gauge how well you comprehend the material.

Vocabulary for The Muscular System & Its Functions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

We've all heard about the importance of building strong muscles, and for good reason. The muscular system plays vital roles in the body's support, movement, and flexibility. This chapter covers structures of the muscles and examines the kinds of muscle tissues. You'll also find out how the muscular system functions and what kinds of health conditions can affect it. By studying the chapter's lessons, you'll gain knowledge on:

  • How the types of muscle tissues function
  • What kinds of movements muscles perform
  • What factors determine muscle names
  • How healthcare professionals diagnose and treat muscular conditions

VideoObjective
Important Structures & Vocabulary of the Muscular SystemLearn about system structures like tendons and muscle fibers.
Major Skeletal Muscle FunctionsFind out how skeletal muscles are involved in movement and homeostasis.
Types of Muscle Tissue: Skeletal, Cardiac & SmoothGet details on the differences between the types of muscle tissues.
How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types Explore the many types of movements the muscles perform, such as adduction and abduction.
How Muscles Are NamedSee how muscles' sizes, shapes, locations, and actions play a role in what they're named.
Medical Specialists of the Muscular SystemLearn about rheumatologists, exercise physiologists, and other health professionals specializing in treating the muscles.
Major Pathology of the Muscular SystemDiscover the causes and impact of medical conditions affecting the muscles.
Fibers, Fascia & Tendon Disorders: Terminology Define fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and more.
Terminology of General Muscle Disorders This lesson will address the terms related to muscle disorders including atrophy, sacropenia, and other related issues.
Vocabulary of Muscle Tone Disorders Here you will learn significant key words related to different disorders affecting muscle tone.
Terminology of Involuntary Muscle Movement Problems Study various aspects of involuntary muscle movement issues.
Terminology for Disorders of Muscle Function Learn about dyskinesia, hyperkinesia, singultus, and other similar terms.
Vocabulary of Myasthenia Gravis & Muscular DystrophyDiscover different terminology related to muscular dystrophy and myasthenia gravis.
Terminology of Repetitive Stress Disorders Define terms pertaining to repetitive stress disorders like stress fractures.
Myofascial Pain Syndrome & Rotator Cuff Vocabulary Identify vocabulary that is used in regards to myofascial pain syndrome and rotator cuffs.
Vocabulary of Carpal Tunnel SyndromeLearn all of the terms related to carpal tunnel syndrome.
Ganglion Cysts, Epicondylitis & Ankle & Foot Problem Terms In this lesson, you will be exposed to different words used in regards to these muscular problems.
Vocabulary of Major Sports InjuriesLook at some serious sports injuries that can occur.
Terminology of Paralysis & Spinal Cord Injuries Use this lesson to learn terminology related to spinal cord injuries and different forms of paralysis.
Diagnostics Related to the Muscular SystemFind out how methods like electromyography and motion testing help professionals make diagnoses.
Treatments Related to the Skeletal SystemExplore surgical and non-surgical treatment methods for conditions affecting the muscular and skeletal systems.
Medications to Treat the Muscular System: Terminology Here you will examine the various medications often used to treat issues with the muscular system.
Surgical Procedures of the Muscular System: TerminologyIdentify surgical procedures used to correct muscular system problems.
Occupational & Physical Therapy: Vocabulary Review terminology used in occupational and physical therapy.

22 Lessons in Chapter 9: Vocabulary for the Muscular System & Its Functions
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Important Structures & Vocabulary of the Muscular System

1. Important Structures & Vocabulary of the Muscular System

Your muscles create movement. There are more than 600 skeletal muscles on your body. In this lesson, you will learn about the major skeletal muscles of the body and terminology associated with important structures of the skeletal muscular system.

Major Skeletal Muscle Functions

2. Major Skeletal Muscle Functions

Did you know that skeletal muscle does more than just move our body parts? This lesson describes how skeletal muscles are used for movement, posture, swallowing, defecation, urination and homeostasis.

Types of Muscle Tissue: Skeletal, Cardiac & Smooth

3. Types of Muscle Tissue: Skeletal, Cardiac & Smooth

Have you ever wondered why muscle has different names such as striated, smooth, voluntary, or involuntary? This lesson describes the different types of muscle tissue based on their histology, mechanism of contraction, and regulation.

How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types

4. How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types

Skeletal muscle contraction causes all types of movement. Movement at our joints is referred to as articulation. All articulation is described in reference to the anatomical position, and most articulations are identified in opposite pairs. This lesson identifies and describes the major articulations of the human body.

How Muscles Are Named

5. How Muscles Are Named

What's in a name? Do you know the meaning of your name? Do you know the meaning of your muscles' names? Find out how many of the funky muscle names originated.

Medical Specialists of the Muscular System

6. Medical Specialists of the Muscular System

Have you ever pulled a muscle or ripped a tendon? Have you ever had prolonged and inexplicable muscle pain? Maybe you couldn't even move a muscle after an injury. This lesson will define some of the medical specialists who treat these problems.

Diagnostics Related to the Muscular System

7. Diagnostics Related to the Muscular System

Have you ever wondered how doctors diagnose muscular problems? They have a wide range of tests they can conduct, including deep tendon reflexes, ROM, and electro(neuro)myography.

Medications to Treat the Muscular System: Terminology

8. Medications to Treat the Muscular System: Terminology

There are several reasons you may need to take a muscle relaxer for the different muscles in your body. Let's go over some examples of the drugs used to relax the different types of muscles in the human body.

Surgical Procedures of the Musculoskeletal System: Terminology

9. Surgical Procedures of the Musculoskeletal System: Terminology

The musculoskeletal system is composed of many parts, including the muscles, tendons, and fascia. This lesson focuses on surgical procedures related to these parts.

Occupational & Physical Therapy: Vocabulary

10. Occupational & Physical Therapy: Vocabulary

There are tons of occupational and physical therapy techniques out there. While we can't go over all of them, we will define occupational and physical therapy as well as vocabulary related to them.

Fibers, Fascia & Tendon Disorders: Terminology

11. Fibers, Fascia & Tendon Disorders: Terminology

Fibers, fascia, and tendons: they're all part of our muscles, and they are all unfortunately affected by problems large and small. They're involved in fasciitis, fibromyalgia, tenodynia, and tendinitis.

Terminology of General Muscle Disorders

12. Terminology of General Muscle Disorders

You may be strong, but your muscles are not invincible! They can only take so much before they break down, herniate or do other wild and crazy things. This lesson will uncover some terminology of general muscle disorders.

Vocabulary of Muscle Tone Disorders

13. Vocabulary of Muscle Tone Disorders

Are you toned? Do your muscles have normal tone? Are they even the same thing? This lesson defines muscle tone, hypertonia, hypotonia, dystonia, and other terms related to muscle tone.

Terminology of Involuntary Muscle Movement Problems

14. Terminology of Involuntary Muscle Movement Problems

Twitches, spasms, cramps, and more! Your muscles can do stuff totally on their own that you can't voluntary control. Involuntary muscle movements and improper coordination of voluntary movements is the topic of this lesson.

Terminology for Disorders of Muscle Function

15. Terminology for Disorders of Muscle Function

This lesson covers muscle function disorders, some that are transient and others that are not. These will include singultus, myoclonus, and '-kinesia' disorders (such as bradykinesia and dyskinesia), among others.

Vocabulary of Myasthenia Gravis & Muscular Dystrophy

16. Vocabulary of Myasthenia Gravis & Muscular Dystrophy

This lesson goes over the basic terminology and definitions of myasthenia gravis and two muscular dystrophies, breaking down the important word parts of these conditions.

Terminology of Repetitive Stress Disorders

17. Terminology of Repetitive Stress Disorders

Repeat, repeat, repeat. It may be good for memorization, but not so much for physical activity if done for too long. Otherwise, one of many different kinds of repetitive stress or motion disorders may arise, some of which will be defined in this lesson.

Myofascial Pain Syndrome & Rotator Cuff Vocabulary

18. Myofascial Pain Syndrome & Rotator Cuff Vocabulary

This lesson focuses on two distinct categories of problems affecting fibrous connective tissue: myofascial pain syndrome and rotator cuff injuries. Important terms related to these will be defined.

Vocabulary of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

19. Vocabulary of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

This lesson will cover important vocabulary related to carpal tunnel syndrome, as well as define the word itself. You'll learn the definitions of carpus, carpal bones, flexor retinaculum, and carpal tunnel release.

Ganglion Cysts, Epicondylitis & Ankle & Foot Problem Terms

20. Ganglion Cysts, Epicondylitis & Ankle & Foot Problem Terms

This lesson is going to cover several misleading terms. They are ganglion cyst, lateral and medial epicondylitis, plantar fasciitis, and heel spur. You'll learn why some of these terms, or their layman equivalents, are incorrect.

Vocabulary of Major Sports Injuries

21. Vocabulary of Major Sports Injuries

Are you an athlete? Have you ever had a sprain, a strain, or shin splints? Do you really know what these are? Well, this lesson will define them in case you don't, as well as some other terms related to common sports injuries.

Terminology of Paralysis & Spinal Cord Injuries

22. Terminology of Paralysis & Spinal Cord Injuries

This lesson goes over the basics of spinal cord injuries as well as paralysis-related terminology that may stem from a spinal cord injury. These terms include: paraplegia, hemiplegia, hemiparesis, and quadriplegia.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support