About This Chapter
Vocabulary for The Muscular System & Its Functions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
We've all heard about the importance of building strong muscles, and for good reason. The muscular system plays vital roles in the body's support, movement, and flexibility. This chapter covers structures of the muscles and examines the kinds of muscle tissues. You'll also find out how the muscular system functions and what kinds of health conditions can affect it. By studying the chapter's lessons, you'll gain knowledge on:
- How the types of muscle tissues function
- What kinds of movements muscles perform
- What factors determine muscle names
- How healthcare professionals diagnose and treat muscular conditions
|Important Structures & Vocabulary of the Muscular System||Learn about system structures like tendons and muscle fibers.|
|Major Skeletal Muscle Functions||Find out how skeletal muscles are involved in movement and homeostasis.|
|Types of Muscle Tissue: Skeletal, Cardiac & Smooth||Get details on the differences between the types of muscle tissues.|
|How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types||Explore the many types of movements the muscles perform, such as adduction and abduction.|
|How Muscles Are Named||See how muscles' sizes, shapes, locations, and actions play a role in what they're named.|
|Medical Specialists of the Muscular System||Learn about rheumatologists, exercise physiologists, and other health professionals specializing in treating the muscles.|
|Major Pathology of the Muscular System||Discover the causes and impact of medical conditions affecting the muscles.|
|Fibers, Fascia & Tendon Disorders: Terminology||Define fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and more.|
|Terminology of General Muscle Disorders||This lesson will address the terms related to muscle disorders including atrophy, sacropenia, and other related issues.|
|Vocabulary of Muscle Tone Disorders||Here you will learn significant key words related to different disorders affecting muscle tone.|
|Terminology of Involuntary Muscle Movement Problems||Study various aspects of involuntary muscle movement issues.|
|Terminology for Disorders of Muscle Function||Learn about dyskinesia, hyperkinesia, singultus, and other similar terms.|
|Vocabulary of Myasthenia Gravis & Muscular Dystrophy||Discover different terminology related to muscular dystrophy and myasthenia gravis.|
|Terminology of Repetitive Stress Disorders||Define terms pertaining to repetitive stress disorders like stress fractures.|
|Myofascial Pain Syndrome & Rotator Cuff Vocabulary||Identify vocabulary that is used in regards to myofascial pain syndrome and rotator cuffs.|
|Vocabulary of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome||Learn all of the terms related to carpal tunnel syndrome.|
|Ganglion Cysts, Epicondylitis & Ankle & Foot Problem Terms||In this lesson, you will be exposed to different words used in regards to these muscular problems.|
|Vocabulary of Major Sports Injuries||Look at some serious sports injuries that can occur.|
|Terminology of Paralysis & Spinal Cord Injuries||Use this lesson to learn terminology related to spinal cord injuries and different forms of paralysis.|
|Diagnostics Related to the Muscular System||Find out how methods like electromyography and motion testing help professionals make diagnoses.|
|Treatments Related to the Skeletal System||Explore surgical and non-surgical treatment methods for conditions affecting the muscular and skeletal systems.|
|Medications to Treat the Muscular System: Terminology||Here you will examine the various medications often used to treat issues with the muscular system.|
|Surgical Procedures of the Muscular System: Terminology||Identify surgical procedures used to correct muscular system problems.|
|Occupational & Physical Therapy: Vocabulary||Review terminology used in occupational and physical therapy.|
1. Important Structures & Vocabulary of the Muscular System
Your muscles create movement. There are more than 600 skeletal muscles on your body. In this lesson, you will learn about the major skeletal muscles of the body and terminology associated with important structures of the skeletal muscular system.
2. Major Skeletal Muscle Functions
Did you know that skeletal muscle does more than just move our body parts? This lesson describes how skeletal muscles are used for movement, posture, swallowing, defecation, urination and homeostasis.
3. Types of Muscle Tissue: Skeletal, Cardiac & Smooth
Have you ever wondered why muscle has different names such as striated, smooth, voluntary, or involuntary? This lesson describes the different types of muscle tissue based on their histology, mechanism of contraction, and regulation.
4. How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types
Skeletal muscle contraction causes all types of movement. Movement at our joints is referred to as articulation. All articulation is described in reference to the anatomical position, and most articulations are identified in opposite pairs. This lesson identifies and describes the major articulations of the human body.
5. How Muscles Are Named
What's in a name? Do you know the meaning of your name? Do you know the meaning of your muscles' names? Find out how many of the funky muscle names originated.
6. Medical Specialists of the Muscular System
Have you ever pulled a muscle or ripped a tendon? Have you ever had prolonged and inexplicable muscle pain? Maybe you couldn't even move a muscle after an injury. This lesson will define some of the medical specialists who treat these problems.
7. Diagnostics Related to the Muscular System
Have you ever wondered how doctors diagnose muscular problems? They have a wide range of tests they can conduct, including deep tendon reflexes, ROM, and electro(neuro)myography.
8. Medications to Treat the Muscular System: Terminology
There are several reasons you may need to take a muscle relaxer for the different muscles in your body. Let's go over some examples of the drugs used to relax the different types of muscles in the human body.
9. Surgical Procedures of the Musculoskeletal System: Terminology
The musculoskeletal system is composed of many parts, including the muscles, tendons, and fascia. This lesson focuses on surgical procedures related to these parts.
10. Occupational & Physical Therapy: Vocabulary
There are tons of occupational and physical therapy techniques out there. While we can't go over all of them, we will define occupational and physical therapy as well as vocabulary related to them.
11. Fibers, Fascia & Tendon Disorders: Terminology
Fibers, fascia, and tendons: they're all part of our muscles, and they are all unfortunately affected by problems large and small. They're involved in fasciitis, fibromyalgia, tenodynia, and tendinitis.
12. Terminology of General Muscle Disorders
You may be strong, but your muscles are not invincible! They can only take so much before they break down, herniate or do other wild and crazy things. This lesson will uncover some terminology of general muscle disorders.
13. Vocabulary of Muscle Tone Disorders
Are you toned? Do your muscles have normal tone? Are they even the same thing? This lesson defines muscle tone, hypertonia, hypotonia, dystonia, and other terms related to muscle tone.
14. Terminology of Involuntary Muscle Movement Problems
Twitches, spasms, cramps, and more! Your muscles can do stuff totally on their own that you can't voluntary control. Involuntary muscle movements and improper coordination of voluntary movements is the topic of this lesson.
15. Terminology for Disorders of Muscle Function
This lesson covers muscle function disorders, some that are transient and others that are not. These will include singultus, myoclonus, and '-kinesia' disorders (such as bradykinesia and dyskinesia), among others.
16. Vocabulary of Myasthenia Gravis & Muscular Dystrophy
This lesson goes over the basic terminology and definitions of myasthenia gravis and two muscular dystrophies, breaking down the important word parts of these conditions.
17. Terminology of Repetitive Stress Disorders
Repeat, repeat, repeat. It may be good for memorization, but not so much for physical activity if done for too long. Otherwise, one of many different kinds of repetitive stress or motion disorders may arise, some of which will be defined in this lesson.
18. Myofascial Pain Syndrome & Rotator Cuff Vocabulary
This lesson focuses on two distinct categories of problems affecting fibrous connective tissue: myofascial pain syndrome and rotator cuff injuries. Important terms related to these will be defined.
19. Vocabulary of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
This lesson will cover important vocabulary related to carpal tunnel syndrome, as well as define the word itself. You'll learn the definitions of carpus, carpal bones, flexor retinaculum, and carpal tunnel release.
20. Ganglion Cysts, Epicondylitis & Ankle & Foot Problem Terms
This lesson is going to cover several misleading terms. They are ganglion cyst, lateral and medial epicondylitis, plantar fasciitis, and heel spur. You'll learn why some of these terms, or their layman equivalents, are incorrect.
21. Vocabulary of Major Sports Injuries
Are you an athlete? Have you ever had a sprain, a strain, or shin splints? Do you really know what these are? Well, this lesson will define them in case you don't, as well as some other terms related to common sports injuries.
22. Terminology of Paralysis & Spinal Cord Injuries
This lesson goes over the basics of spinal cord injuries as well as paralysis-related terminology that may stem from a spinal cord injury. These terms include: paraplegia, hemiplegia, hemiparesis, and quadriplegia.
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Other chapters within the Medical Terminology: Help & Review course
- Fundamentals of Medical Terminology
- Basic Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terminology for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Basics & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary Basics for Genetics, Cells & Structures
- Medical Terms for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Oncology Basics & Terms
- Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System
- Vocabulary for the Cardiovascular System
- Terminology for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for Diagnosis & Treatment of Respiratory Diseases
- Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathologies
- GI Tract Diagnosis & Treatment Terminology
- Medical Terms for the Urinary System
- Terminology of the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions
- Terminology for Diagnostics & Treatments of the Nervous System
- Medical Terms Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terminology Related to the Ears
- Terminology for the Integumentary System
- Terminology for The Endocrine System & Hormones
- Endocrine Gland Disorder Vocabulary
- Pancreatic Disorder Vocabulary
- Adrenal Gland Disorder Terminology
- Male Reproductive System & STDs: Medical Terminology
- Female Reproductive System: Medical Terminology
- Medical Terminology for Major Pathogens
- Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology