About This Chapter
The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Find out how climate change and natural disasters affected the migration patterns of prehistoric humans through this chapter's video lessons. You can also discover stages of cultural development, look into theories of human dispersal and follow the progression of language families. Instructors also discuss migration in our own societies. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Prehistoric, modern and contemporary human migration patterns
- Factors influencing locations of human civilizations
- Impacts of emigration and immigration
- Theories of cultural evolution
- Models of human origin
|Prehistoric Human Migrations||Traces the history of the prehistoric migration of humans.|
|The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities||Describes how the end of the last ice age led to new human opportunities.|
|The Great Flood and Population Migrations||Explores possible explanations for the earliest historical disaster and explains why it shows up in almost everyone's mythology. Demonstrates how we follow population migrations via Indo-European language families.|
|The Migrations of Humans Since 1500||Outlines the history of human migration since 1500.|
|Contemporary Migration||Discusses contemporary migration patterns, including forced migration. Describes the impacts of international migration to Europe, the U.S. and Canada, as well as the migration of Asians.|
|The Effects of Emigration||Distinguishes emigration from immigration and discusses its effects.|
|The Regional Continuity Model of Human Origin||Explains the characteristics, major assertions and critiques of the regional continuity model used to describe human origins.|
|Replacement Models of Human Origin||Characterizes and critiques the replacement models used to explain human origins.|
|Partial Replacement Models of Human Origin||Describes the partial replacement models used to explain human origins and explores their major assertions and critiques.|
|Geography and Climate: How These Two Items Impact People||Explores the role of geography and climate in determining where civilizations live.|
|Theories of Cultural Evolution||Examines several theories of cultural evolution, including the theory of human stages, historical materialism and neo-Malthusian theory.|
|Identity and Human Grouping||Defines identity and discusses the idea of grouping humans by culture, ethnicity, race and gender.|
1. Prehistoric Human Migrations: History & Movements
This lesson will seek to explain the theories concerning prehistoric human migration. In doing so, it will highlight the effects of the Ice Age on modern Homo sapiens and their migration into Eurasia and the rest of the globe.
2. The Last Ice Age: Thawing Ice and New Human Opportunities
What is an ice age? How did the latest period of glaciation form our species? How has the abundance of this latest period of interglaciation changed our behavior? Watch this lesson to find out.
3. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?
4. The Migrations of Humans Since 1500
This lesson will explain human migration patterns since the 1500s. In doing so, it will highlight the forced migration, as well as the eras of colonization and persecution, industrialization, and 20th century migration.
5. Contemporary Migration: Forced Migration, Patterns & Impacts
This lesson will seek to explain modern migration. In doing so, it will highlight labor migration, urbanization, and forced migration. It will also highlight the term diaspora.
6. Emigration: Definition, Characteristics & Effects
This lesson will explain the difference between immigration and emigration. In doing so, it will focus mainly on emigration. It will discuss push and pull factors that contribute to emigration, as well as the concept of remittances.
7. The Regional Continuity Model of Human Origin: Characteristics, Assertions & Critiques
This lesson will seek to explain the Regional Continuity model of human origin. In doing so, it will highlight the theories of Darwin as well as the assertions of the Out of Africa model of origin.
8. Replacement Model of Human Origin: Attributes, Claims & Arguments
This lesson will seek to explain the Replacement model of human origin. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of a theory, the assertions of the Out of Africa model and the theories of Charles Darwin.
9. Partial Replacement Model of Human Origin: Aspects, Theories & Critiques
This lesson will seek to explain the partial replacement model of human origin. In doing so, it will also explain the replacement model, the work of Charles Darwin, and the concept of theory.
10. Theories of Cultural Evolution: Human Stages, Historical Materialism & Neo-Malthusian
This lesson will seek to explain the theories of cultural evolution. In doing so, it will highlight the works of Edward Tylor, Karl Marx, and the Malthusian catastrophe of Thomas Robert Malthus.
11. Identity and Human Grouping: Cultural, Ethnic, Racial & Gender
This lesson will seek to explain the different human groupings of culture, race, ethnicity, and gender. In doing so, it will discuss how these terms are and are not tied to biological and physical traits.
12. Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations
In this lesson, we will look at the relationship between geography, climate, and civilization. We will learn why civilizations develop in particular regions and how this leads to lifestyle and cultural differences.
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Other chapters within the Geography 101: Human & Cultural Geography course
- Introduction to Human & Cultural Geography
- The Geography of Languages, Religions, and Material Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity & Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Modern Economic Systems
- Political Geography
- Impacts of Humans on the Environment
- Renewable Resources
- Nonrenewable Resources
- Food and Agriculture
- Studying for Geography 101