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- Describe the components of cells
- Discuss instances where active or passive transport are required
- Explain the processes of saturation, osmosis and diffusion
- Understand what happens during endocytosis and exocytosis
- List the components of the nucleus
- Describe the structure of mitochondria, chloroplast and plant cells
- Contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
- Learn about the infection cycles and characteristics of viruses
1. Endocytosis and Exocytosis Across the Cell Membrane
Cells can engulf their surroundings through a special process called endocytosis, folding its membrane inward to consume its surroundings. It can also get rid of the leftovers through exocytosis. Explore the strange world of cell consumption in this lesson.
2. Chloroplast Structure: Chlorophyll, Stroma, Thylakoid, and Grana
Photosynthesis occurs inside plant cells in tiny structures called chloroplasts. Learn about chloroplast structure and some of its important components including chlorophyll, the stroma, thylakoids, and grana.
3. Plant Cell Structures: The Cell Wall and Central Vacuole
There are many different structures in a plant cell, like chloroplasts, for example, which help turn light energy into food. Explore the two other most important structures - the cell wall and the central vacuole - in a plant cell.
4. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences
Eukaryotes are cells that have a nucleus and other organelles while prokaryotes are cells that do not have any organelles. Explore the many other similiarities and differences between these two cell types and discover their purposes.
5. Viruses: Bacteriophage Lytic and Lysogenic Cycles
Viruses can infect many organisms, even bacteria. A bacteriophage is a special kind of virus that infects bacteria. Explore the way bacteriophages replicate using the lytic and lysogenic cycle.
6. Organelles in Cells: Definition & Functions
Organelles in cells are responsible for keeping the cell alive. Explore the definition and function of organelles and learn about plant organelles and how plant cells are different from animal cells.
7. Vesicles: Definition & Function
Vesicles are cellular organelles made of a lipid bilayer that can perform multiple functions in order to keep cells alive and growing. Explore more about a vesicle and learn about four types of vesicles and their functions.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Life Science: Tutoring Solution course
- Introduction to Life Science: Tutoring Solution
- Characteristics & Chemicals of Life: Tutoring Solution
- DNA Replication & Mutation: Tutoring Solution
- Cell Division & the Cell Cycle: Tutoring Solution
- How Living Organisms Get Energy: Tutoring Solution
- Classification of Organisms: Tutoring Solution
- The Origin & History of Life On Earth: Tutoring Solution
- Genetics & Hereditary Traits: Tutoring Solution
- Genetic Engineering Basics: Tutoring Solution
- Natural Selection & Evolution in Life Science: Tutoring Solution
- Microbiology & Types of Microbes: Tutoring Solution
- Introduction to Ecosystems: Tutoring Solution
- Types of Ecosystems: Tutoring Solution
- Changing Ecosystems: Tutoring Solution
- Invertebrates: Tutoring Solution
- Animal Behavior & Communication: Tutoring Solution
- Mammal Reproduction & Development: Tutoring Solution
- The Cardiovascular System: Tutoring Solution
- The Blood Vessels: Tutoring Solution
- The Digestive System: Tutoring Solution
- The Urinary & Endocrine Systems: Tutoring Solution
- The Muscular System: Tutoring Solution
- The Skeletal System & Connective Tissue: Tutoring Solution
- Sight, Hearing & Other Senses: Tutoring Solution
- Health Issues & Concerns: Tutoring Solution
- Plant Biology & Structure: Tutoring Solution
- How Plants Grow & Reproduce: Tutoring Solution
- Environmental Concerns: Tutoring Solution
- Natural Resources: Tutoring Solution