Ch 4: The Pre-Civil War Sectional Crisis in the U.S.

About This Chapter

Here you can review engaging lessons to better understand the divisional crisis that was created in the United States prior to the Civil War. In this chapter, you can take quizzes to test your comprehension and ask instructors questions when needed.

The Pre-Civil War Sectional Crisis in the U.S. - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

During the years prior to the Civil War, the United States found itself dividing along certain regional and political lines. In this chapter, instructors help you understand this sectional crisis and the larger impact it made on politics, identities and people in the United States. Lessons will explain the demographic changes, the identities created and the political events that took place leading to the division of states. Throughout this chapter, quizzes offer you a chance to test your progress, and instructors are available to answer questions. Lessons cover information such as:

  • How the Mason-Dixon line symbolically separated the North from the South in the U.S.
  • The creation of sectional identities in the U.S. and how it impacted the country before the Civil War
  • What questions concerning the Constitution were influential prior to the war
  • How the idea of nullification was created and why it is important

Lesson Objective
Mason-Dixon Line: Definition & History Explain the Mason-Dixon Line and its significance to the divide between the Northern and Southern states.
America's Demographic Changes in the Early 1800s Summarize how immigration in the early 1800s inflated the U.S. population and led to the displacement of peoples.
Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline Analyze U.S. expansion in the 19th century and its connections to the Civil War.
American Political, Religious & Personal Identity in the Early 19th Century Consider how individuals' identities developed according to their region, the dominant political parties and events like the Great Awakening.
Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict Evaluate the beginnings of sectionalism in the U.S. and how it manifested prior to 1850.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Definition & Summary Dissect how the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions questioned the constitutionality of the Sedition Act and the wider impact of these challenges.
Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820 Point out how Missouri's request for statehood impacted the nation and how Henry Clay helped resolve this issue.
Nullification Crisis of 1832: Definition & Summary Summarize the Nullification Crisis of 1832 and who was involved, as well as the impact it had.
Prigg v. Pennsylvania: Summary & Analysis Analyze the important case that answered whether or not the federal government could legislate issues concerning fugitive slaves.

14 Lessons in Chapter 4: The Pre-Civil War Sectional Crisis in the U.S.
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Mason-Dixon Line: Definition & History

1. Mason-Dixon Line: Definition & History

This lesson discusses the Mason-Dixon line. Learn more about the origins of the boundary that represents the symbolic border between the northern and southern United States, then test your knowledge with a quiz.

America's Demographic Changes in the Early 1800s

2. America's Demographic Changes in the Early 1800s

The early 1800s saw the United States quickly grow in size. New immigrants and new land meant a bigger and stronger country. It also meant displacing thousands of Native Americans and the continued spread of slavery.

Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline

3. Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline

Manifest Destiny was a term coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845. It encompassed the idea that the United States was destined to occupy all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Primary Source: The Missouri Compromise

4. Primary Source: The Missouri Compromise

During the early 1800s, the United States was split between two fierce, opposing political ideologies: pro-slavery and anti-slavery. Slavery helped to power the agrarian economy of the Southern states, while Northern states abolished the practice of slavery.

American Political, Religious & Personal Identity in the Early 19th Century

5. American Political, Religious & Personal Identity in the Early 19th Century

American political and religious identity in the early 19th century was influenced by region, the dominant political parties of the day, and events such as the Second Great Awakening. Learn about early 19th century American regional, political, and religious identity in this video lesson.

Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict

6. Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict

How did the United States end up in a bloody civil war? In this lesson, we are going to explore the rising sectionalism that divided the nation in almost every way possible across the 40 years leading up to the Civil War.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Definition & Summary

7. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Definition & Summary

In this lesson, you'll learn how the penning of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions challenged the constitutionality of the Sedition Act and created the idea of nullification.

Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820

8. Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820

In 1819, Missouri applied for statehood, threatening to tip the balance of senatorial power in favor of the slave states. Find out how Henry Clay resolved the matter for the next 30 years.

Nullification Crisis of 1832: Definition & Summary

9. Nullification Crisis of 1832: Definition & Summary

Develop an understanding of the Nullification Crisis of 1832 to include who was involved, the impact of the debate and reactions by the president and Congress. Test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Prigg v. Pennsylvania: Summary & Analysis

10. Prigg v. Pennsylvania: Summary & Analysis

In 'Prigg v. Pennsylvania,' the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Pennsylvania anti-kidnapping law aimed at keeping African Americans from being transported out of the state and forced into slavery. This lesson examines that ruling.

The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso

11. The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso

The controversial Mexican-American War lasted from 1846-1848. In this lesson, discover how the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the southern part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

12. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.

Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States

13. Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States

While the North was urbanizing and industrializing, the South became more committed to its rural, leisurely lifestyle and its agricultural economy built on slave labor. Limited industry did exist, but cotton was king!

The Emergence of Mass U.S. Politics in the 1800s

14. The Emergence of Mass U.S. Politics in the 1800s

The early 1800s saw a change in politics in the United States. During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the common man's voice was increasingly heard, marking a shift towards mass politics in America.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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