About This Chapter
The Pre-Civil War Sectional Crisis in the U.S. - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
During the years prior to the Civil War, the United States found itself dividing along certain regional and political lines. In this chapter, instructors help you understand this sectional crisis and the larger impact it made on politics, identities and people in the United States. Lessons will explain the demographic changes, the identities created and the political events that took place leading to the division of states. Throughout this chapter, quizzes offer you a chance to test your progress, and instructors are available to answer questions. Lessons cover information such as:
- How the Mason-Dixon line symbolically separated the North from the South in the U.S.
- The creation of sectional identities in the U.S. and how it impacted the country before the Civil War
- What questions concerning the Constitution were influential prior to the war
- How the idea of nullification was created and why it is important
|Mason-Dixon Line: Definition & History||Explain the Mason-Dixon Line and its significance to the divide between the Northern and Southern states.|
|America's Demographic Changes in the Early 1800s||Summarize how immigration in the early 1800s inflated the U.S. population and led to the displacement of peoples.|
|Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline||Analyze U.S. expansion in the 19th century and its connections to the Civil War.|
|American Political, Religious & Personal Identity in the Early 19th Century||Consider how individuals' identities developed according to their region, the dominant political parties and events like the Great Awakening.|
|Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict||Evaluate the beginnings of sectionalism in the U.S. and how it manifested prior to 1850.|
|Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Definition & Summary||Dissect how the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions questioned the constitutionality of the Sedition Act and the wider impact of these challenges.|
|Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820||Point out how Missouri's request for statehood impacted the nation and how Henry Clay helped resolve this issue.|
|Nullification Crisis of 1832: Definition & Summary||Summarize the Nullification Crisis of 1832 and who was involved, as well as the impact it had.|
|Prigg v. Pennsylvania: Summary & Analysis||Analyze the important case that answered whether or not the federal government could legislate issues concerning fugitive slaves.|
1. Mason-Dixon Line: Definition & History
This lesson discusses the Mason-Dixon line. Learn more about the origins of the boundary that represents the symbolic border between the northern and southern United States, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
2. America's Demographic Changes in the Early 1800s
The early 1800s saw the United States quickly grow in size. New immigrants and new land meant a bigger and stronger country. It also meant displacing thousands of Native Americans and the continued spread of slavery.
3. Manifest Destiny: Definition, Summary and Timeline
Manifest Destiny was a term coined by John O'Sullivan in 1845. It encompassed the idea that the United States was destined to occupy all the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
4. Primary Source: The Missouri Compromise
During the early 1800s, the United States was split between two fierce, opposing political ideologies: pro-slavery and anti-slavery. Slavery helped to power the agrarian economy of the Southern states, while Northern states abolished the practice of slavery.
5. American Political, Religious & Personal Identity in the Early 19th Century
American political and religious identity in the early 19th century was influenced by region, the dominant political parties of the day, and events such as the Second Great Awakening. Learn about early 19th century American regional, political, and religious identity in this video lesson.
6. Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict
How did the United States end up in a bloody civil war? In this lesson, we are going to explore the rising sectionalism that divided the nation in almost every way possible across the 40 years leading up to the Civil War.
7. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Definition & Summary
In this lesson, you'll learn how the penning of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions challenged the constitutionality of the Sedition Act and created the idea of nullification.
8. Henry Clay and the Missouri Compromise of 1820
In 1819, Missouri applied for statehood, threatening to tip the balance of senatorial power in favor of the slave states. Find out how Henry Clay resolved the matter for the next 30 years.
9. Nullification Crisis of 1832: Definition & Summary
Develop an understanding of the Nullification Crisis of 1832 to include who was involved, the impact of the debate and reactions by the president and Congress. Test your knowledge with a short quiz.
10. Prigg v. Pennsylvania: Summary & Analysis
In 'Prigg v. Pennsylvania,' the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Pennsylvania anti-kidnapping law aimed at keeping African Americans from being transported out of the state and forced into slavery. This lesson examines that ruling.
11. The Mexican-American War, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo & the Wilmot Proviso
The controversial Mexican-American War lasted from 1846-1848. In this lesson, discover how the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the southern part of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
12. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution
In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.
13. Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States
While the North was urbanizing and industrializing, the South became more committed to its rural, leisurely lifestyle and its agricultural economy built on slave labor. Limited industry did exist, but cotton was king!
14. The Emergence of Mass U.S. Politics in the 1800s
The early 1800s saw a change in politics in the United States. During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the common man's voice was increasingly heard, marking a shift towards mass politics in America.
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Other chapters within the History 306: The American Civil War Era course
- Understanding History & Primary Sources
- Slavery in the Early United States
- The Abolitionist Movement in America
- Influential American Civil War Writers
- Rising Tensions in Pre-Civil War America
- Southern Secession from the Union
- Politics, Industry & Economy in Civil War America
- American Civil War Battles in 1861
- American Civil War Battles in 1862
- American Civil War Battles in 1863
- American Civil War Battles in 1864
- American Civil War Battles in 1865
- Important Figures in the American Civil War
- Military Strategies in the American Civil War
- Life Following the American Civil War
- Reconstruction After the American Civil War
- Required Assignments for History 306
- Studying for History 306