About This Chapter
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- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the presidency: election, powers, and practice chapter exam.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a presidency: election, powers, and practice unit of a standard American government course. Topics covered include:
- The presidential nominating process and its strengths and weaknesses
- Primary elections vs. general elections
- The electoral college - what it is and what it does
- Campaign finance sources, regulations, and reform
- Factors that influence presidential election voters
- The evolution of the contemporary presidential election
- Staffing the executive office
- How national and partisan constituencies shape presidential decision making
- Types and examples of presidential powers
- Contributing factors and the importance of the presidential image
1. Nominating a Presidential Candidate: The Process & Its Strengths & Weaknesses
The nomination process for United States president contains several different steps. This lesson outlines the modern nomination process for the offices of president and vice president and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the process.
2. Primary Election Versus General Election: Definition & Differences
In the United States, we use two different types of presidential elections. Both primary and general elections are used to determine a winning candidate. This lesson explains primary and general elections, including the differences between the two.
3. The Electoral College: Definition & Process
In the U.S., our presidential elections are decided using the Electoral College. The system is meant to balance election power between the federal and state governments. This lesson explains what the Electoral College is and how it works.
4. Campaign Finance: Sources, Regulations & Reform
Modern presidential campaigns often last up to two years and involve extensive media operations. This means a successful campaign will be expensive. This lesson discusses campaign finance, including sources, regulations, and reform efforts.
5. Factors that Influence Voters During Presidential Elections
Many factors influence voters during presidential elections. The voter's background, party identification and view of the government's past performance are some of the important influences. This lesson examines influences on voter behavior.
6. The Evolution of the Contemporary Presidential Election
Presidential elections have changed a great deal over time. These days, elections are well-publicized and hard-fought. This lesson takes a look at contemporary presidential elections and campaigns.
7. Staffing the Executive Office: Presidential Appointees & the Appointing Process
The United States president appoints, or selects, people to serve in many different positions in the federal government. This lesson identifies the various positions appointed by the president and explains the appointment process.
8. Presidential Decision Making: How National & Partisan Constituencies Shape Decisions
The United States President must make many important decisions on behalf of the nation. This lesson explores presidential decision making, including the role that the national constituency and partisan constituencies play.
9. Presidential Powers: Major Types & Examples
Our United States Constitution established three branches of government, including an executive branch headed by the U.S. president. This lesson discusses the powers and roles of the president.
10. The Presidential Image: Contributing Factors & Importance
A president's public image, or perceived character, plays an important role in the presidential campaign. It also plays an important role in the president's popularity and lasting reputation. This lesson takes a look at the presidential image.
11. The Secretary of State: Roles & Responsibilities
This lesson discusses the importance of the Department of State, part of the U.S. executive Cabinet, which is headed by the Secretary of State. In it, we learn about the history of the organization, current policies, and responsibilities.
12. Impeachment: Definition, Process & Requirements
The following lesson will cover impeachment, or the process by which the president, vice president or other civil officer can be removed from office. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
13. Incumbent: Definition & Advantages
An incumbent is the 'defending champ' in a political race. We discuss the many advantages that incumbents have over their challengers and look at the times in which they are at a slight disadvantage.
14. Lame Duck in Politics: Definition & Overview
A lame duck is a common term in political science. It refers to a politician about to leave office. In this section, we learn its meaning and look at some examples.
15. Line-Item Veto: Definition, Pros & Cons
The following lesson will discuss a short-lived presidential veto power called the line-item veto. Learn about the definition of line-item vetoes as well as pros and cons. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
16. Presidential Pardon: Definition & Process
Is it possible to really 'get out of jail free?' Presidents have many powers of office, but one of the most powerful and sweeping is the pardon. The act of ending a conviction or sentence and sparing a prisoner can be seen as an act of mercy, or of political calculation. But how does it actually work? How often do Americans 'get out of jail free,' courtesy of the President?
17. What is a Popular Vote? - Definition & Overview
There are many ways to determine the winner of an election. One of the most common and simple methods is the popular vote. In this lesson, you will learn what constitutes a popular vote and how it works.
18. What Is the Electoral College? - Definition & Explanation
Every four years, millions of Americans vote for who will become president. Did you know they are not actually voting for the president, but for electors in the Electoral College? Learn more about what the Electoral College is and how it came to be.
19. What is Campaign Finance Reform? - Definition & History
In the United States, campaigns last for a very long time and are very expensive. In this lesson, explore how lawmakers and the Supreme Court have tried to reform the way campaigns are financed.
20. Pros & Cons of Campaign Finance Reform
In this lesson, we will look at the issue of campaign finance reform. Campaign finance refers to the way campaigns for public office are funded, including disclosure of donations and limits on donations.
21. The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002: Definition & Summary
Federal campaigns require a lot of money, but does that money influence political candidates? In this lesson, we'll see how the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act attempts to deal with this question.
22. Independent Agencies & Government Corporations
American government has many regulatory duties. In this lesson, you will learn how independent agencies and government corporations assist in providing services and regulations.
23. Quasi-Official Agencies: Roles & Purposes
Federal agencies are not the only organizations that help provide services to businesses. Quasi-official agencies also impact businesses through their multiple roles and purposes.
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Other chapters within the American Government: Help and Review course
- Introduction to the Study of American Government: Help and Review
- The Study of American Government
- Different Forms of Government
- Constitutional Democracy: Help and Review
- Federalism in the United States: Help and Review
- American Political Culture, Opinion, and Behavior: Help and Review
- Civil Liberties: Help and Review
- Civil Rights: Help and Review
- Comparative Law
- Political Parties in the United States Government: Help and Review
- Interest Groups and American Democracy: Help and Review
- The Media and American Democracy: Help and Review
- The Federal Bureaucracy in the United States: Help and Review
- The Congress: Election, Powers, and Representation: Help and Review
- The Federal Judicial System: Help and Review
- The U.S. Federal Judicial System
- Public, Social, and Environmental Policy: Help and Review
- Economic and Fiscal Policy: Help and Review
- Foreign and Defense Policy: Help and Review