About This Chapter
The Process of Scientific Thinking - Chapter Summary
What is science? How are scientific models and theories applied in the world? In what ways can scientific claims be validated? These are examples of the kinds of topics you will explore when you use this chapter. You will have the opportunity to gain better insight into scientific models, technological applications, laws, and even limitations in this field. Once you have completed your study of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define and list the steps in a scientific investigation
- Relate facts about scientific theory, hypothesis, and law
- Name different types of scientific models and explain how and when to use them
- Discuss risks, limitations, and ethics associated with science
- Describe the impact of science, technology, and economics on society
- Provide examples of the use of technology in everyday life
- Understand how to evaluate and validate scientific claims and arguments
- Detail the scientific peer review process
Learning about these topics is made easy with expert instructors providing definitions, examples, and even illustrations. You can contact instructors with any lesson-specific questions and chart your progress through this chapter on your Dashboard. Take self-assessment quizzes in each lesson to determine your depth of knowledge and whether you are ready to move from one topic to the next.
1. What is Scientific Investigation? - Definition, Steps & Examples
Scientific investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us. Read on to find out more. A quiz is provided to test your understanding.
2. Hypothesis, Theory & Law in Science
In this lesson, learn how to define hypothesis, theory, and law in science. Then, discover the ways that these ideas are related to each other and how they help us to explain the universe around us.
3. Selecting Appropriate Models in Science
Scientific models are used to describe physical phenomenon and are tested against real world data. In this lesson, you will become familiar with a real example of how scientists select appropriate models for their work including knowledge of their limitations.
4. Science: Power, Limitations & Ethics
This lesson discussses the fundamental power, limitations, and ethical questions pertinent to science. You'll learn how science can help us as well as its shortcomings.
5. How Science, Technology & Economic Activity Shape Societies
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how science, technology and economic activity have shaped human societies, from the agricultural revolution to the Industrial Revolution to the digital age. A short quiz will follow.
6. Examples of Technology in Our Everyday World
Learn what technology is and the many ways technology appears in everyday life from the home to big applications like business, industry, and medicine. Then, complete a quiz to check how much you've learned!
7. How to Evaluate Scientific Claims & Arguments
When you hear about the new scientific discovery, how can you be sure that it's true? Learn how to evaluate scientific claims and arguments, and then test your new skills with a quiz.
8. What is Peer Review in Science? - Definition, Process & Examples
Interested in learning how scientific literature is fact-checked and accepted? In this lesson, you'll learn about the peer review process that happens in science. Examples of the peer review process are included to further your understanding of the lesson.
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Other chapters within the GCSE Biology: Practice & Study Guide course
- Steps of the Scientific Method
- Analyzing & Evaluating Scientific Data
- Mathematics in Science
- Scientific Vocabulary & Measurement
- Cell Structure & Differentiation
- Understanding Cell Division
- Understanding Cell Transportation
- Basic Components of Living Things
- Structure & Function of the Digestive System
- The Human Circulatory System
- Non-Communicable Diseases Overview
- Communicable Disease Overview
- Disease Defense, Prevention & Treatment
- Plant Tissues & Organs
- Plant Disease & Defenses
- Homeostasis & the Human Body
- Human Nervous System Overview
- Hormones in the Endocrine & Urinary Systems
- Hormones & Reproduction
- Plant Hormones
- Sexual & Asexual Reproduction
- DNA Structure & Genomes
- Genetic Inheritance
- Genetics Disorders
- Genetic Variation & Evolution
- Genetic Engineering & Cloning
- Theories of Biology
- Evidence Supporting Evolution
- Classification of Living Organisms
- Ecology & Biodiversity
- Trophic Levels & Biomass Energy
- Nutrient Cycles in an Ecosystem
- Human Impacts on Biodiversity & Ecosystems
- Food Production & Sustainability
- GCSE Biology Flashcards