About This Chapter
The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Beginning in 1900, America entered into a period known as the Progressive Era, a time of transforming government and social efforts to improve quality of life in the states. Over the course of nearly 20 years, the Progressives, including President Theodore Roosevelt and members of the women's suffrage movement, sought to correct some of the economic, political and social issues associated with industrialization. In general, they felt government should be more hands-on than hands-off when it came to addressing problems related to corporate growth, immigration and labor unrest. In this chapter, you'll learn about some of the key achievements of the Progressive Era, including the Square Deal and the passage of the 19th Amendment, which granted women in all states the right to vote.
Additional topics will include Progressive activities associated with child labor, education, health and workplace issues, as well as constitutional amendments related to alcohol, elections and taxes. You'll also find how the government intervened to improve marketplace competition and free markets and trade from controlling monopolies and trusts.
After you've completed this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the key figures and causes of the Progressive Era, including African-American leaders
- Identify the key legislative achievements of the Progressive Era, including constitutional amendments
- Understand the influence of the Progressives on the home and workplace
- Understand how the role of women evolved during the Progressive Era
|Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressives: Definition and Political Agenda||Define the political objectives of Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressives.|
|The Muckrakers of the Progressive Era: Definition and Influence||Describe the muckrakers, including their influence on American society.|
|Work and Home Improvements of the Progressive Era||Identify some of the domestic and workplace improvements of the early 1900s.|
|Trust Busting and Government Regulations on Economy and Industry in the Progressive Era||Discuss government efforts to regulate the economy and industry during the early 1900s.|
|Progressive Politics: Definition, Reforms and Amendments||Define what is meant by progressive politics, including the amendments and reforms of the Progressive Era.|
|Presidential Election of 1912: Candidates, Platforms and Significance||Discuss the presidential candidates of 1912 and their platforms.|
|African Americans in the Progressive Era: Issues and Leaders||Identify the African-American issues and leaders of the early 1900s.|
|Women's Suffrage and Early Feminism: Movement, 19th Amendment and Leaders||Summarize the feminist and women's suffrage movements of the early 1900s, including leadership and efforts to obtain the right to vote.|
1. Theodore Roosevelt & the Progressives: Definition and Political Agenda
In the early 20th century, the United States had become an increasingly industrialized society. Progressive reformers believed that many social, economic and political issues required federal government regulation. Learn how Progressive Era reformers, including President Theodore Roosevelt and his Square Deal, worked to correct problems that accompanied this rapid development and expansion.
2. The Muckrakers of the Progressive Era: Definition and Influence
A spirit of reform marked the Progressive Era from around 1900 to 1917. It was in this spirit that muckrakers, who were influential journalists, worked to reveal injustices and oversights in American society. Learn how muckrakers raised awareness of America's social, economic and political problems.
3. Work and Home Improvements of the Progressive Era
During the Progressive Era, from around 1900-1917, reformers made efforts to improve living conditions in society. Lean how Progressive reformers worked to alleviate difficulties facing Americans in the workplace and at home.
4. Trust Busting and Government Regulations on Economy & Industry in the Progressive Era
During the Progressive Era, from around 1900-1917, government intervened in the economy, breaking up trusts, and regulating railroads and other industries. Learn how government worked to curb the power of unregulated big business and provide tariff and banking reforms.
5. Progressive Politics: Definition, Reforms & Amendments
During the Progressive Era, from around 1900-1917, political reformers pushed for an end of abuse of power in politics and government. Learn how political reforms of the Progressive Era helped make government more responsive to the people, prompting changes at every level of government.
6. Presidential Election of 1912: Candidates, Platforms & Significance
The presidential election of 1912 was a four-way race that brought out third party candidates and a former president. Learn about the candidates, their platforms and Woodrow Wilson's major accomplishments.
7. African Americans in the Progressive Era: Issues & Leaders
During the Progressive Era, from approximately 1900 to 1918, progress for many African Americans was hard to come by. Explore some of the inequalities African Americans faced and learn about notable African-American leaders of the era including Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois.
8. Women's Suffrage & Early Feminism: Movement, 19th Amendment & Leaders
The women's suffrage movement became one of the most prominent areas of reform during the Progressive movement. Learn about the work of early feminists, changing roles of women and notable women suffrage leaders who pushed for women's right to vote.
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Other chapters within the US History: Middle School course
- First Contacts in the Americas
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- The Revolutionary War
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty
- Jacksonian Democracy
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion
- Buildup to the American Civil War
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century
- American Imperialism & World War I
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- America and the Second World War
- Post-War and the Cold War
- Civil Rights Movements in America
- America in the 1970s
- America in the 1980s
- America from 1992 to the Present