Ch 22: The Protestant Reformation in Europe & Worldwide

About This Chapter

Use our video lessons to review facts about the Protestant Reformation and its impact on world events. Learn what led up to these changes and the struggles in Christianity and among countries during the Reformation.

The Protestant Reformation in Europe & Worldwide - Chapter Summary

In these lessons, our instructors will review the practices of the Catholic Church that spurred the Reformation, and explore Martin Luther's ideas for change. You will examine the work of Desiderius Erasmus, William Tyndale and John Calvin. Other lessons look at the religious wars that occurred during the Reformation period.

You'll learn about the Jews and Muslims in Spain. Life after the Reformation, how the Catholic Church changed and the spread of Christianity around the world are also discussed here. When you've finished these lessons, you should have an understanding of topics including:

  • Catholic beliefs before the Reformation
  • Martin Luther and the 95 Theses
  • Religious reform in Germany and Switzerland
  • Conflicts between the Catholics and Huguenots in France
  • The Council of Trent
  • How the Reformation changed society
  • The Counter-Reformation in the Catholic Church
  • Christian missionaries and their work

You can watch these short video lessons on a computer or mobile device whenever you have a few extra minutes. The multiple-choice quizzes that follow them let you check your learning. The jump feature in the lessons' timelines make it quick work to find a particular passage that you want to review.

14 Lessons in Chapter 22: The Protestant Reformation in Europe & Worldwide
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

1. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.

Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

2. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.

Desiderius Erasmus: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas

3. Desiderius Erasmus: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas

In this lesson, we will learn about Desiderius Erasmus. We will explore who he was as a person, and we will highlight his major theological and intellectual contributions.

William Tyndale: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas

4. William Tyndale: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas

In this lesson, we will take a look at the life of William Tyndale. We will examine his ideas and contributions, and learn why he was an important figure in history.

Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation

5. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.

The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

6. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.

The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots

7. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots

The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.

Catholics vs. Protestants in Europe and the New World

8. Catholics vs. Protestants in Europe and the New World

In this lesson, we will learn about how Catholicism and Protestantism influenced various regions of Europe and the New World. We will identify locations where Catholicism thrived, and those where Protestantism thrived, in addition to highlighting important themes.

The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

9. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.

Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

10. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.

The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

11. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.

The Counter-Reformation: How the Catholic Church Revived

12. The Counter-Reformation: How the Catholic Church Revived

In this lesson, we will learn about the Counter-Reformation. We will learn how the Catholic Church responded to the Protestant Reformation, and we will explore the major themes involved.

Missionaries & the Spread of Christianity Across the World

13. Missionaries & the Spread of Christianity Across the World

In this lesson we will learn about missionary activity and the spread of Christianity during the late Medieval and early Modern Era. We will highlight key themes, and we will identify locations of missionary work.

Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain

14. Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain

In this lesson, we will examine Jewish-Muslim dynamics in Medieval Spain. Specifically, we will learn about the Golden Age of Cooperation between these two groups, and we will identify key themes and events.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the AEPA History (NT302): Practice & Study Guide course

Support