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Ch 2: The Protestant Reformation

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn about the power of the Catholic Church, the causes of the Protestant Reformation and the impact the time period had on religion and society in Western Europe. Ensure you understand important Reformation material by taking self-assessment quizzes.

The Protestant Reformation - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Before the Protestant Reformation began in the 16th century, the Catholic Church had a firm grasp on the people of Western Europe and used its belief system to maintain that power. These practices were so firmly engrained among the Church's followers that there was little resistance; after all, who wants to be excommunicated or kept out of heaven? This all changed once the Reformation began. In this chapter, you'll learn about key topics like:

  • How the vernacular Bible undermined the Church's authority
  • What the Catholic sacraments were
  • What Martin Luther's opposition to the Church entailed
  • How the Protestant Reformation spread throughout Europe
  • What ways the Reformation impacted France, Germany and Switzerland
  • How Protestant beliefs influenced society

VideoObjective
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of LatinSee how the vernacular Bible played a role in spreading the Reformation.
The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and PracticesGet details on Catholic sacraments and the role of the Church in followers' lives.
Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant ReformationFind out who Luther was and examine his opposition to the selling of indulgences.
Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European ArtistsDiscover how Northern Renaissance art was influenced by the Reformation.
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across EuropeExplore the factors that contributed to the spread of Reformation ideas throughout Europe.
The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant WarsExamine the causes of Germany's Peasant Wars and the Reformation's influence on the event.
Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the ReformationLearn about the Reformation ideals held by Calvin and Zwingli and how they impacted their followers in Switzerland.
The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the HuguenotsFind out what spurred conflict between Catholics and Protestant Huguenots in France.
The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the ReformationExamine the purpose of the Council of Trent and how the Catholic Church changed as a result of the Reformation.
Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on SocietyDiscover how the rise of Protestantism impacted multiple aspects of daily life.
The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the ReformationTake a look at the different beliefs among Catholic and Protestant reformers.

11 Lessons in Chapter 2: The Protestant Reformation
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.

The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.

Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.

Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists

4. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists

The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

5. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.

The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

6. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.

Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation

7. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.

The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots

8. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots

The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.

The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

9. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.

Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

10. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.

The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

11. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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