About This Chapter
The Psychology of Interpersonal Relationships - Chapter Summary
If you need a resource that provides a well-rounded overview of the psychology of interpersonal relationships, you've reached the right place! This chapter closely examines the human need to belong, friendship across the lifespan, Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love, factors in mate choice and marriage among other topics. Find out how well you understand the lessons you review by taking their accompanying quizzes. Our broader exam assesses your knowledge of the entire chapter. These resources are accessible 24 hours a day via any computer or mobile device with an Internet connection. When you're finished with this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Define attraction theory and list types of attraction
- Share examples of similarity, reciprocal liking and ingratiation
- Describe cross-cultural similarities in the attraction of specific physical traits
- List and discuss factors that determine attraction
- Provide the definition and theories, types and functions of interpersonal relationships
- Identify and discuss the stages of friendship
- Exhibit knowledge of mate choice, courtship, marriage and childbearing
- Outline threats to a variety of human relationships
- Give facts about the end of relationships, disengagement strategies and the process of detachment
1. The Human Need to Belong
Humans have a need to belong and form relationships. This lesson will discuss why this need is important, where it may have come from, and what happens when it isn't being met.
2. Attraction Theory: Definition, Measurements & Effects
Why do people like each other? What accounts for the differences in what people find attractive? In this lesson, we'll examine attraction theory, including the types of attraction, elements of attraction, and how to measure attraction.
3. Similarity, Reciprocal Liking and Ingratiation: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we continue examining the question of why we like - and are attracted to - certain individuals more than others. We define and discuss the concepts of similarity, reciprocal liking, and ingratiation, and how they affect our attraction to others.
4. Physical Traits and Attraction: Symmetry, Ratios & the ''Babyface'' Phenomenon
Physical traits are more important to attraction than many of us would care to admit. In this lesson, we discuss cross-cultural similarities in traits considered physically attractive, including symmetry, waist-to-hip and waist-to-shoulder ratios, and the 'baby face' phenomenon.
5. Attraction: Types, Cultural Differences & Interpersonal Attraction
What makes people attractive? In this lesson, you'll start with physical attributes and look beyond to other factors that determine attraction. Get ready to explore the love triangle!
6. Interpersonal Relationships: Definition & Theories
To be human is to be involved in interpersonal relationships. In this lesson, we will define interpersonal relationships and discuss the various theories that explain how we create and maintain them.
7. Interpersonal Relationships: Types & Functions
In this lesson, we'll look at the interpersonal relationships we experience in life. In particular, we'll explore the four most common types, what these relationships do for us, and how some relationships come to an end.
8. Friendship Across the Life Span: Formation, Maintenance & Impact
Studying friendship is an important part of understanding who people are and how we relate to one another. This lesson discusses the factors influencing friendship and the impacts friendship can have across the life span.
9. The Stages of Friendship: Contact, Involvement & Close/Intimate
Like other relationships, friendships go through certain stages. In this lesson, we'll look at the three major stages of friendship while also learning how communication works in each.
10. Sternberg's Triangular Theory of Love: Definition, Examples & Predictions
Love is an important and complex topic of study for social psychologists. In this lesson, we begin our discussion about love with Robert Sternberg's triangular theory of love. We define each of his eight types of love and identify real-world examples.
11. Mate Choice & Marriage: Factors in the Selection Process
This lesson will seek to explain the universals that pertain to marriage and choosing a mate for life. In doing this, it will highlight theories based on division of labor, prolonged infant dependency, and sexual competition.
12. Mate Choice, Courtship, Marriage & Childbearing
In this lesson, you will explore the social and evolutionary process of starting a family and discover how cultural values and expectations affect this system. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
13. Threats to Interpersonal Relationships
There are many circumstances that can threaten the relationships we have with others. This lesson will consider how jealousy and other factors can affect interpersonal relationships, and how they can impact the future of those relationships.
14. Ending Relationships, Disengagement Strategies & the Detachment Process
Unfortunately, the fact that romantic relationships end is just a part of life. In this lesson, we discuss some of the most common disengagement strategies that social psychologists have identified. We also discuss the detachment process that we all experience as part of a break-up.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 316: Advanced Social Psychology course
- Themes of Social Psychology
- Social Cognition, Perception & Nonverbal Communication
- Attitudes, Persuasion & Behavior
- Self-Perception & Identity
- Prejudice, Stereotyping & Discrimination
- Conformity, Compliance & Obedience
- Altruism & Prosocial Behavior
- Aggression in Social Psychology
- Social Psychology & the Online World
- Required Assignments for Psychology 316