About This Chapter
The Reformation Across Europe - Chapter Summary
These lessons delve into the situational factors leading up to the Protestant Reformation and its impact on and reception in countries throughout the region. You'll also learn about the development of Russia and how Catholicism survived the Reformation. The lessons in this chapter are paired with lesson quizzes that give you the opportunity to test yourself on everything you have learned. By completing this chapter, you'll learn things like:
- Why Latin started to decline and the vernacular increased
- What the Catholic Church was like before the Reformation
- Who was Martin Luther and what was his role in the Protestant Reformation
- What were the Peasant Wars
- How did the Reformation spread through Europe
- What was taught by Calvin and Zwingli's
- The difference between Catholics and Huguenots
- Who was Henry VIII and what was his role in the Reformation
- Why mercenaries attacked Rome
- Who were Tycho Brahe and Copernicus
- What type of leader was Ivan the Terrible
- What was the Council of Trent
- What changed took place in society after the Reformation
- How religious beliefs changed
- What are the beliefs of Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians
- How Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin contributed to the Reformation
1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin
This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.
2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
4. Radical Reformation: Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians
In this lesson, we will study a few of the Christian sects that took the Reformation to extremes. We will focus especially on the origins, development, and doctrines of the Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians.
5. Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin: History, Importance & Impact
In this lesson, we will meet two famous Reformation leaders, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. We will examine their lives and their doctrines, and explore their impact on Christianity.
6. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars
The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.
7. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
8. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.
9. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots
The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.
10. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church
This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.
11. Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome
Politics led Charles de Bourbon, a rich French Duke, to flee his country to fight for his cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor. This lesson explains how financing and the use of mercenaries by Bourbon led to the sack of Rome in 1527.
12. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe
Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.
13. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia
Ivan the Terrible was a great but violent leader. Despite his intelligence, he was prone to violent outbursts. This lesson explores his life and the effects of his reign on Russia.
14. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
15. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
16. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the World History: High School course
- Early World Civilizations
- Early Near East Civilizations
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of the Ancient Greeks
- History of The Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Timeline of the Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Timeline of the High Middle Ages
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- History of The European Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- Europe, Asia, the Middle East & Africa Post-War
- The Cold War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century
- Teaching Resources for World History