About This Chapter
The Reformation in Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Get a front-row seat to the religious changes and reforms that took place during the Reformation in Europe in this chapter. You'll explore the beliefs of the Catholic Church before the Reformation, find out how the Reformation began and discuss Protestant influences on European society. The professional instructors who teach these lessons will introduce you to the role that missionaries played in spreading Christianity and discuss the Golden Age of Cooperation between Jews and Muslims in Spain. When you've watched the lessons in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:
- Martin Luther's role in the Reformation
- William Tyndale's ideas on theology and politics
- Religious reforms in Switzerland
- Life in Europe after the Reformation
- The Counter-Reformation's supporters
|The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices||Assess the powers held by the Catholic Church and illustrate some of its beliefs and practices.|
|Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation||Link Martin Luther's posting of the 95 Theses to the start of the Protestant Reformation.|
|Desiderius Erasmus: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas||Discover critical ideas from Erasmus during the Reformation.|
|William Tyndale: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas||Assess ideas held by Tyndale during the Reformation.|
|Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation||Examine Calvin and Zwingli's opposition to Church corruption. Describe the impact of the Reformation in Switzerland.|
|Catholics vs. Protestants in Europe and the New World||Differentiate between the regions that stayed Catholic and those that transitioned to Protestantism. Explain how this division affected the religions of the New World.|
|The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation||Detail the reforms that emerged from the Council of Trent. Connect this council to the beginning of the Counter-Reformation.|
|Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society||Characterize the social, educational and family life changes that took place after the Reformation.|
|The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation||Examine the different ideas about religion that were presented during this period.|
|The Counter-Reformation: How the Catholic Church Revived||Identify the forces that led to the Counter-Reformation.|
|Missionaries & the Spread of Christianity Across the World||Describe the impact of missionaries on Christianity and pinpoint global locations of missions.|
|Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain||Examine the role that the Golden Age of Cooperation played in the promotion of art, literature and science in Spain.|
1. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
2. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
3. Desiderius Erasmus: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas
In this lesson, we will learn about Desiderius Erasmus. We will explore who he was as a person, and we will highlight his major theological and intellectual contributions.
4. William Tyndale: Theological, Political & Economic Ideas
In this lesson, we will take a look at the life of William Tyndale. We will examine his ideas and contributions, and learn why he was an important figure in history.
5. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.
6. Catholics vs. Protestants in Europe and the New World
In this lesson, we will learn about how Catholicism and Protestantism influenced various regions of Europe and the New World. We will identify locations where Catholicism thrived, and those where Protestantism thrived, in addition to highlighting important themes.
7. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
8. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
9. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
10. The Counter-Reformation: How the Catholic Church Revived
In this lesson, we will learn about the Counter-Reformation. We will learn how the Catholic Church responded to the Protestant Reformation, and we will explore the major themes involved.
11. Missionaries & the Spread of Christianity Across the World
In this lesson we will learn about missionary activity and the spread of Christianity during the late Medieval and early Modern Era. We will highlight key themes, and we will identify locations of missionary work.
12. Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain
In this lesson, we will examine Jewish-Muslim dynamics in Medieval Spain. Specifically, we will learn about the Golden Age of Cooperation between these two groups, and we will identify key themes and events.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Republic
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies
- The Byzantine Empire
- Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Africa (500-1800 CE)
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- The Enlightenment
- Europe and the Age of Exploration