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Ch 31: The Reformation of the Catholic Church

About This Chapter

Use these lessons to refresh your knowledge of changes in the Catholic church and the birth of Protestantism. Study Martin Luther's 95 Theses, the creation of the Anglican Church and the Council of Trent.

The Reformation of the Catholic Church - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter look at changes in European Christianity during the Reformation period. Our instructors will discuss the state of the Catholic Church prior to the Reformation and the reforms proposed by Martin Luther. You'll see how Protestantism started and track its growth. Another lesson examines the changes in religion brought about by Henry VIII.

You will explore how the Catholic Church changed after the Reformation, and examine Protestant influence on society. After watching all these lessons, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church prior to the Reformation
  • Explain what Martin Luther asked for in his 95 Theses
  • Describe how the Protestant movement spread across Europe
  • Show how Henry VIII created the Church of England
  • Analyze Tycho Brahe and Copernicus' ideas on the universe
  • Talk about what the Council of Trent did
  • Examine Europe post-Reformation
  • Name some ways the Reformation changed the Catholic Church

These short, entertaining lessons are accompanied by multiple-choice quizzes that let your assess your knowledge. They're available anytime, on a computer or mobile device. You are encouraged to contact the instructor if you have additional questions.

9 Lessons in Chapter 31: The Reformation of the Catholic Church
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.

The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices

In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.

Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation

This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

4. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.

Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

5. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.

Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe

6. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe

Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.

The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

7. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.

Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

8. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.

The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

9. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation

The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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