About This Chapter
You have the opportunity to participate in an exciting review of the Reformation throughout Europe as you progress through these engaging video lessons. You will be able to refresh your memory on essential information of this era, such as beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church prior to the Reformation, the birth of the Protestant Reformation, the Reformation's impact on Germany and its spread across Europe, the French Wars of Religion, and the Council of Trent. Upon completion of this chapter, you should have the knowledge to:
- Explain the decline of Latin and rise of the vernacular
- Discuss Martin Luther and the 95 Theses
- Tell about Calvin's and Zwingli's significance in Switzerland's religious reform
- Relate the signification of Henry VIII to the Anglican Church
- Summarize the contributions of Brahe and Copernicus
- Understand the connection of Ivan the Terrible to the establishment of Russia
- Show how Protestant influence changed life after the Reformation
- Detail how religious beliefs changed during the Reformation
You have a bundle of tools at your disposal to help you through this chapter on the Reformation. The short video lessons come with quizzes at the end to assist you with assessing your knowledge. The quizzes have embedded links which can take you back to specific topics in the lessons and give you another look, if needed. You can also print out video lesson transcripts if you'd like to use a hard copy.
1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin
This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.
2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
4. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars
The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.
5. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
6. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.
7. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots
The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.
8. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church
This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.
9. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe
Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.
10. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia
Ivan the Terrible was a great but violent leader. Despite his intelligence, he was prone to violent outbursts. This lesson explores his life and the effects of his reign on Russia.
11. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
12. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
13. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
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Other chapters within the CSET Social Science Subtest I (114): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the CSET Social Science Test
- Prehistory & Early Civilizations
- History of the Ancient East
- Ancient Asian Political and Philosophical Thought
- Ancient Greek Contributions & History
- Hellenism & Athens
- The Roman Republic Rises
- History of the Fall of Rome
- History of the Dark Ages
- Early Middle Ages Overview
- Medieval Warm Period Overview
- Overview of the High Middle Ages
- Overview of the Late Middle Ages
- History of the Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration & Discovery
- History of the Elizabethan Era
- Overview of Colonialism
- Pre-Columbian America
- European Absolutism & Constitutionalism (1648-1715)
- Shifting Eastern European Power (1648-1740)
- 18th Century Empire & Expansion
- The Age of Enlightenment
- Bonaparte & the French Revolution
- Industrialization from 1700-1900
- Global Politics (1760-1848)
- Nationalism in Europe, Africa, Asia & the Americas
- Life & Trends in Europe (1850-1914)
- 19th and 20th Century Imperialism
- Causes & Effects of WWI
- History Between World Wars
- Causes & Effects of WWII
- Genocide & Ethnic Conflicts in the 20th Century
- Western Civilization 1945-Present
- Understanding the Study of Geography
- Geographic Diversity
- Culture in Relation to the Physical Environment
- CSET Social Science Subtest 1 Flashcards