About This Chapter
The Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Breathe in and breathe out. You've just experienced your respiratory system at work. In this chapter, you'll find out about the lungs and other parts of this vital body system. You will explore their functions and also discover medical problems that can impact respiration. By studying the chapter's lessons, you'll learn about topics such as:
- How the respiratory system moves oxygen and carbon dioxide in and out of the blood
- How the parts of the respiratory system function and work together
- Medical professionals who specialize in treating respiratory conditions
- Conditions and diseases that affect the respiratory system
- How respiratory illnesses are diagnosed and treated
|Gross Anatomy of the Airway and Lungs: Conducting & Respiratory Zones||Explore the parts and function of the conducting and respiratory zones.|
|Function of Pleural Cavities and Pleural Membranes||Learn how the pleural cavities and pleural membranes around the lungs support breathing.|
|The Nose and Tonsils: Parts & Medical Terms||Find out what structures make up the nasal area as well as the purpose of tonsils.|
|What are the Sinuses? - Definition & Terminology||Get details on the locations and functions of the sinuses.|
|The Pharynx and Larynx: Definition & Terms||Discover the structures of the pharynx, or throat.|
|Vocabulary of the Trachea, Bronchi, and Lungs||Learn about the roles of the lungs, bronchi, and trachea in respiration.|
|Medical Terms Related to Respiration||Study respiratory system terminology, such as internal and external respiration.|
|Medical Specialists of the Respiratory System||See what pulmonologists and otolaryngologists specialize in treating.|
|Terminology of COPD & Asthma||Discover the causes and effects of respiratory conditions such as COPD, emphysema and asthma.|
|Diseases of the Upper Respiratory System Terminology||Learn the definition of various respiratory condition, such as allergic rhinitis and croup.|
|Terms for Disorders of the Pharynx, Larynx & Voice||Learn the definitions for conditions such as pharyngitis, laryngoplegia and dysphonia.|
|Words for Disorders of the Trachea, Bronchi & Pleural Cavity||Study the definitions for conditions such as pleurisy, bhronchorrhe and hemothorax.|
|Terminology Related to the Disorders of the Lungs||Find out about words for conditions including ARDS, collapsed lung and pneumorrhagia.|
|Tuberculosis and Pneumonia Terminology||Discover the meaning of terms such as bronchopneumonia and aspiration pneumonia.|
|Words Related to Interstitial & Occupational Lung Diseases||Examine terminology including interstitial fibrosis and asbestosis.|
|Terms of Pulmonary Fibrosis, Cystic Fibrosis & Lung Cancer||Discuss terms including chest percussion, postural drainage and sputum cytology.|
|Vocabulary for Breathing Disorders||Examine words including hyperventilation, eupnea and apnea.|
|Kussmaul Breathing, Cheyne-Stokes Respiration & Biot's Respiration Terms||Learn the definitions for these terms.|
|Terminology Related to Oxygen Deficiency||Learn the definitions for conditions such as airway obstruction, smoke inhalation and hypoxia.|
|Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Risk Factors and Prevention||Look at what is known about SIDS.|
1. Gross Anatomy of the Airway and Lungs: Conducting & Respiratory Zones
The respiratory system includes the lungs as well as other organs that help to get oxygen into the blood and carbon dioxide out of the blood. The conducting zone of the respiratory system carries oxygen into the lungs and carbon dioxide out of the lungs. The respiratory zone is where oxygen and carbon dioxide move into and out of the blood.
2. Function of Pleural Cavities and Pleural Membranes
Each lung is contained within a pleural cavity, the space between the outside of the lung and inside of the chest wall. Pleural membranes cover the outside of the lungs and line the inside of the chest wall. The lungs remain expanded when we breathe due to a vacuum effect within the pleural cavity.
3. The Nose & Tonsils: Parts & Medical Terms
This lesson will cover a lot of terms associated with the upper respiratory system, mainly the nose, nas/o, nasal septum, cilia, mucous membranes, mucus, olfactory receptors, and tonsils. Then, test yourself with our quiz questions.
4. What Are the Sinuses? - Definition & Terminology
This lesson will define the paranasal sinuses (ethmoid sinuses, frontal sinuses, sphenoid sinuses, and maxillary sinuses), as well as their functions and locations.
5. The Pharynx & Larynx: Definition & Terms
This lesson will define the pharynx (nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx), as well as the larynx and epiglottis, their combining forms, and their major functions.
6. Vocabulary of The Trachea, Bronchi & Lungs
This lesson will define vocabulary of the trachea, bronchi, and lungs: the trachea, lungs, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, mediastinum, parietal pleura, visceral pleura, and the pleural cavity.
7. Medical Specialists of the Respiratory System
This lesson will discuss the two different types of respiratory medical specialists patients may need to visit, depending on the respiratory problem at hand: an otolaryngologist or a pulmonologist.
8. Medical Terms Related to Respiration
This lesson described the major parts and defines the process of respiration. It covers the diaphragm, phrenic nerves, inhalation, exhalation, internal respiration, and external respiration.
9. Terminology of COPD & Asthma
This lesson will define two famous respiratory disorders: COPD (encompassing chronic bronchitis and emphysema) and asthma (including wheezing and bronchospasms).
10. Diseases of the Upper Respiratory System Terminology
This lesson will define many different upper respiratory infections, diseases, and disorders: upper respiratory infection, influenza, pertussis, croup, diphtheria, allergic rhinitis, rhinorrhea, and epistaxis. Once you've completed this lesson, take the quiz to test your new knowledge.
11. Terms for Disorders of the Pharynx, Larynx & Voice
This lesson is going to cover several different terms related to disorders affecting the throat and voice box: pharyngitis, laryngitis, laryngospasms, laryngoplegia, aphonia, and dysphonia.
12. Words for Disorders of the Trachea, Bronchi & Pleural Cavity
This lesson is going to go over many terms related to conditions affecting the pleural cavity, as well as a couple related to the trachea and bronchi: tracheorrhagia, bronchorrhea, pleural effusions of all kinds, pleurodynia, pleurisy, and much more.
13. Terminology Related to the Disorders of the Lung
This lesson is going to briefly discuss acute respiratory distress syndrome and define pulmonary edema and pneumorrhagia, as well as differentiate pneumothorax from atelectasis.
14. Tuberculosis & Pneumonia Terminology
This lesson will discuss specific terminology related to tuberculosis and mainly pneumonia. We'll look at the words pneumo-, bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia, aspiration pneumonia, and more.
15. Words Related to Interstitial & Occupational Lung Diseases
This lesson will define interstitial lung disease and look over one group of interstitial lung disease (the pneumoconioses). The lesson defines diseases like asbestosis, silicosis, anthracosis, and byssinosis.
16. Terms of Pulmonary Fibrosis, Cystic Fibrosis & Lung Cancer
This lesson defines and briefly discusses three main lung disorders: pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, and lung cancer. You'll learn how about these disorders affect on the lungs and their diagnosis.
17. Vocabulary for Breathing Disorders
This lesson is going to define eupnea, apnea, and dyspnea, and it will delineate between tachypnea, bradypnea, hyperpnea, hypopnea, hyperventilation, and hypoventilation.
18. Kussmaul Breathing, Cheyne-Stokes Respiration & Biot's Respiration Terms
This lesson is going to define and briefly discuss Kussmaul's respiration, Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR), as well as Biot's respiration and what patients may have such breathing patterns.
19. Terminology Related to Oxygen Deficiency
This lesson defines the many terms related to a lack of oxygen in the body: anoxia, hypoxia, hypoxemia, hypercapnia, asphyxia, asphyxiation, and cyanosis. After you've completed the lesson, use our brief quiz to see how many terms you recall.
20. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Risk Factors & Prevention
The leading cause of death for children under the age of one is a large mystery to many people. In this lesson, we'll look closer at Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, including risk factors and prevention measures.
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Other chapters within the Medical Terminology: Help & Review course
- Fundamentals of Medical Terminology
- Basic Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terminology for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Basics & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary Basics for Genetics, Cells & Structures
- Medical Terms for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Oncology Basics & Terms
- Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System
- Vocabulary for the Muscular System & Its Functions
- Vocabulary for the Cardiovascular System
- Terminology for Diagnosis & Treatment of Respiratory Diseases
- Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathologies
- GI Tract Diagnosis & Treatment Terminology
- Medical Terms for the Urinary System
- Terminology of the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions
- Terminology for Diagnostics & Treatments of the Nervous System
- Medical Terms Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terminology Related to the Ears
- Terminology for the Integumentary System
- Terminology for The Endocrine System & Hormones
- Endocrine Gland Disorder Vocabulary
- Pancreatic Disorder Vocabulary
- Adrenal Gland Disorder Terminology
- Male Reproductive System & STDs: Medical Terminology
- Female Reproductive System: Medical Terminology
- Medical Terminology for Major Pathogens
- Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology