About This Chapter
The Revolutionary Era - Chapter Summary
The revolutionary era is presented in the lessons of this chapter. Students will get to know about the beginning of the American Revolution and the Battle of Yorktown. Additional lesson topics focus on the:
- Causes and effects of the French and Indian War
- Effects of colonial mercantilism
- Sons of Liberty
- Intolerable acts, the Boston tea party and the first continental congress
- Signers and legacy of the Declaration of Independence
- Leadership of George Washington at Saratoga, Valley Forge and Trenton
- Treaty of Paris
Study.com instructors host each of these short video lessons. An accompanying quiz is used for assessing the students' understanding of the lesson material. We include a video transcript as well as a keyword-based video timeline tool for quickly locating any specific section of the video you want to replay.
1. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.
2. Colonial Mercantilism: Definition, History & Effects
Mercantilism was a major economic theory in Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries. In this lesson, we learn its four basic rules and the effects of mercantilism on history.
3. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
4. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
5. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
6. The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy
After 12 years of tension and fighting, the colonists and their leaders were ready to declare themselves a new country, independent of Great Britain. This lesson examines the motives, the text, and the legacy of America's Declaration of Independence.
7. George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge
After a series of setbacks in 1776, George Washington's leadership of the Continental Army helped America turn the tide of the war in three pivotal locations, prompting France to recognize the United States as a nation and an ally.
8. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris
After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.
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Other chapters within the STAAR Social Studies - Grade 8: Test Prep & Practice course
- European Exploration & Colonization in America
- Important People of the Revolutionary War
- Early American Government
- Jacksonian America
- Westward Expansion in America
- Sectionalism in the U.S.
- The American Civil War Era
- Famous Addresses of the American Civil War
- Significant Civil War Era Figures
- The Reconstruction Era After the American Civil War
- American Geography Overview
- History of American Immigration
- Defining American Culture
- History of American Arts
- Principles of American Government
- Origin of Self-Government
- U.S. Supreme Court Cases & Decisions
- American Citizenship Overview
- American Political Parties & Interest Groups
- American Leadership & Contributions
- History of American Economics
- Impact of Science & Technology on American Society
- Social Studies Skills
- About the STARR Tests
- STAAR Social Studies - Grade 8 Flashcards