About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Rise of the Roman Republic chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Founding of Ancient Rome and the Republic||Italy's evolution from Greek colony to republic; establishment of Roman institutions and officers|
|Tuesday||Roman Wars||Overview of the Latin, Samnite and Pyrrhic Wars, causes of the two Punic Wars and success of the 'Pax Romana'|
|Wednesday||Roman Achievements and Myths||Comparison of Greek and Roman myths; major Roman contributions to architecture and engineering|
|Thursday||Roman Philosophies: Atomism and Stoicism||Roman natural and moral philosophy|
|Friday||Structure and Death of the Republic||Roman officials and their responsibilities; role of Julius Caesar in the destruction of the Roman Republic|
1. Roman Myths and Religion
Borrowing from Greek mythology, the early Romans developed their own system of religious beliefs, including worshiping the mythical founder of Rome, Romulus, multiple gods of war, and the Vestal Virgins. Learn how Rome evolved from worshiping the ancient deities and the influence of other cultures to become followers of Jesus Christ and Christianity.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
Rome is one of history's most powerful empires located in the Italian Peninsula. Learn about the early history, inhabitants of Italy, the Latin invaders, and the myth of Rome's founding.
3. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
After the removal and exile of Rome's last king in 509 BCE, the citizens chose to found a republican government. Learn about Rome's offices, institutions, history, and consul, along with the definitions and differences of patrician, shared, and plebeian power in the new republic.
4. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
From 343-276 BCE, the Roman Republic fought a series of wars that would lead them to total control of the Italian peninsula. Explore the causes and impact of the Latin War, the First, Second, and Third Samnite Wars, and the Pyrrhic War.
5. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
The Punic Wars were a series of bloody conflicts between Carthage and Rome. Explore the similarities and differences between these nations; review a summary of the causes and results of the first, second, and third Punic Wars; and learn the impacts that Hannibal and Scipio Africanus had on the battles.
6. Roman Engineering and Architecture
The style of ancient Roman engineering and architecture was similar to the Greeks' yet distinct from it at the same time. Learn about Roman use of concrete and brick and mortar masonry and explore applications such as the Roman arch, aqueducts, the dome, and roads.
7. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
One of Rome's significant achievements was the development of a legal system that established the rights and obligations of its citizens. Learn how to define Roman law, explore its history, its three branches of government, and how it became Rome's greatest export; then discover the lasting legacy of the Pax Romana.
8. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
Stoicism was a Greek school of philosophy that influenced Roman morals, teaching that virtue is based on reason and knowledge. Explore how stoicism arrived in Rome, learn and understand the Roman custom of mos maiorum, and meet well-known Roman stoics.
9. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
Atomism is the belief that everything is made of atoms. Further explore this definition with the writings of Lucretius and his beliefs about unhappiness from fear, the non-supernatural universe, and the nonexistent afterlife.
10. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
The death of Julius Caesar was a shocking and crucial part of Roman history, and was a catalyst for many big changes. Learn more about Caesar's rise and fall from power, the Roman civil war, Pompey Mangus, and the death of the republic.
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