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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review
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- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning
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- Verify you're ready by completing the Rise of the Roman Republic chapter exam
Why it works:
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What were the key characteristics of ancient Rome?
- Who were the seven kings of Rome?
- What led to the formation of the Roman Republic?
- How was the Roman Republic structured?
- What were the causes and consequences of the Punic Wars?
- How did Cicero contribute to the Republic?
- What do stoicism and atomism mean?
- When and why did the Roman Republic end?
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
4. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
5. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
6. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
7. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
8. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic
This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.
9. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
10. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
11. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
12. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
13. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
14. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
15. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
16. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
17. The History of the Roman Constitution
Learn all about the Roman Constitution, the foundation of Roman law, and how it's inspired our own U.S. Constitution. Then take the follow-up quiz to see what you've learned.
18. Ancient Roman Architecture: Facts, Style & Characteristics
In this lesson, you'll learn about Roman architecture and the major facets of Roman engineering, including the arch, dome, marble veneers and concrete. The best-engineered building ever made by the Romans, the Pantheon, will also be covered.
19. Doric Entablature: Definition & Overview
Explore the design, features, and history of the Doric Entablature and test your understanding of ancient Greek art, architectural styles, and temples.
20. Gaius Marius: Biography & Quotes
This lesson will be about Gaius Marius, one of the most respected leaders of the Roman Republic and the only man to be voted a consul of Rome seven times.
21. The Emperor Augustus: Biography, Facts & Achievements
Emperor Augustus ruled Rome for 45 years, ushering in a period of stability that persisted long after his death. Learn about the man behind the emperor and discuss the achievements that made him one of the most memorable rulers in Roman history.
22. The Roman Aqueduct: Definition & Facts
Explore the history, design and development of the Roman aqueduct and test your understanding of ancient Rome, the expansion of the Roman empire, and ancient building techniques.
23. The Roman God Mars: Facts & Mythology
In this lesson, we will learn about the Roman god, Mars. Together, we'll take a closer look at his history, the myths, and his legacy. We'll also see how Mars was revered in sacrifice, art, and festivals.
24. The Roman God Mercury: Facts & Symbol
Explore the mythology and worship of the Roman god Mercury and test your understanding about ancient Roman culture, religion, and life in the colonies.
25. The Roman God Saturn: Facts & Overview
In this lesson, you'll explore the history, mythology and significance of the Roman god Saturn, and you'll test your understanding of Ancient Roman mythology, history and culture.
26. The Roman Gods: Names & Facts
This lesson will list and describe some of the main Roman gods and the animals, attributes and symbols that the ancient Romans associated with them. A short quiz will follow this lesson to check your understanding.
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Other chapters within the Western Civilization I: Help and Review course
- Prehistory: Help and Review
- History of the Ancient Near East
- History of the Ancient Near East: Help and Review
- History of Ancient Greece: Help and Review
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement: Help and Review
- The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- The Dark Ages: Help and Review
- The Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- The High Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- The Renaissance: Help and Review
- The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- The Reformation: Help and Review
- The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- Colonialism in History: Help and Review