About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Rise of the Roman Republic chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Roman religion|
Rome's founding and early history
Seven kings of Rome
|What Roman and Greek mythology share and how they differ;|
Italy and Rome up to the time of the Republic's founding;
The legendary kings of ancient Rome
|Tuesday|| The Roman Republic|
Latin, Samnite and Pyrrhic Wars
The Punic Wars
|Structure of the government during the Republic;|
Overview of these conflicts;
Causes and events of both Punic Wars
|Wednesday||Political structure of the Roman Republic|
Engineering and architecture
|Power structure and roles of government leaders;|
How Romans imposed their system on conquered peoples;
Characteristics and achievements of Roman architecture and engineering
|History and characteristics of Roman art;|
Roman moral philosophy;
Lucretius and Roman natural philosophy
|Friday||Reform in the Republic|
The Republic's downfall
|Achievements of the Gracchi, Marius and Sulla;|
Biography and achievements of Cicero;
How Julius Caesar destroyed the Republic
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
4. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
5. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
6. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
7. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
8. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic
This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.
9. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
10. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
11. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
12. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
13. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
14. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
15. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
16. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
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