About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our High School World History Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the Roman Republic. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the rise of the Roman Republic. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the Roman Republic, Roman myths and religion, the Punic Wars, Roman law, and Roman architecture.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a Rise of the Roman Republic unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Rise of the Roman Republic Unit Objectives:
- Discuss Roman myths and religion. Explain which concepts were borrowed from the Greeks and which were original.
- Explore Rome's early history and all of the important events leading up to the formation of the Roman Republic.
- Learn about the reigns of the seven kings of Rome.
- Describe the offices and institutions of the Roman Republic.
- Discuss the causes and effects of the Latin, Samnite, and Pyrrhic Wars.
- Take a look at the causes and effects of the Punic Wars.
- Explain politics in the Roman Republic, discussing its hierarchical structure and the roles of government officials.
- Learn about Roman law and the Pax Romana. Discuss how the Romans exerted their values on to the peoples they conquered.
- Take a look at the products of Roman engineering and architecture.
- Describe the characteristics and style of Roman art.
- Explore Roman moral philosophy, focusing on Stoicism.
- Explain how the Roman philosopher Lucretius contributed to natural philosophy and Atomism.
- Describe how the Gracchi brothers, Marius, and Sulla contributed to reform in the Roman Republic.
- Discuss Cicero's philosophy.
- Learn how Julius Caesar contributed to the fall of the Roman Republic.
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
4. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
5. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
6. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
7. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
8. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic
This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.
9. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
10. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
11. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
12. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
13. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
14. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
15. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
16. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
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Other chapters within the High School World History: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Foundational Concepts of World History: Homeschool Curriculum
- Geography - Topography: Homeschool Curriculum
- World Religions & Belief Systems: Homeschool Curriculum
- World History - Early Civilizations: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Civilizations - Near East: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Civilizations - China: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ancient Civilizations - India: Homeschool Curriculum
- History of Ancient Greece: Homeschool Curriculum
- Hellenism and Athenian Achievement: Homeschool Curriculum
- History of the Fall of Rome: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Founding of Christianity: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Eastern Mediterranean: Homeschool Curriculum
- Introduction to the Dark Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- African History: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Early Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Medieval Warm Period: Homeschool Curriculum
- The High Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- Asian History (1000-1300 CE): Homeschool Curriculum
- Pre-European Civilizations in North America: Homeschool Curriculum
- Dynastic Empires of Eurasia: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Late Middle Ages: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Renaissance Era: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Age of Exploration: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Reformation Across Europe: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Elizabethan Era: Homeschool Curriculum
- Colonialism: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions: Homeschool Curriculum
- World War I: Homeschool Curriculum
- Between the World Wars: Homeschool Curriculum
- World War II: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Cold War: Homeschool Curriculum
- Post War Europe, Asia, Middle East & Africa: Homeschool Curriculum
- Latin America Since 1900: Homeschool Curriculum
- The 21st Century: Homeschool Curriculum