About This Chapter
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Rise of the Roman Republic in World History chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn answers to questions including:
- What was unique to Roman myths and religion; what was borrowed from the Greeks?
- How was Roman government structured?
- What events led to the the Latin, Samnite, Pyrrhic and Punic Wars?
- How did the Romans implement the Pax Romana?
- How did Julius Caesar cause the end of the Roman Republic?
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
4. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
5. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
6. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
7. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
8. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic
This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.
9. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
10. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
11. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
12. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
13. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius
This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'
14. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
15. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
16. Ancient Etruscans and Rome: History, Art, Architecture & Religion
In this lesson, you will be introduced to the Etruscans and how they are related to the ancient Romans. You will learn about their origins, art, building styles, and how they worshiped.
17. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
18. Emperor Hadrian of Rome: Facts, Biography & Accomplishments
Explore the life and accomplishments of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in this lesson. Then, test your understanding of Roman culture, the Empire and classical architecture with a brief quiz.
19. Marcus Licinius Crassus: Biography & Death
This lesson will be about Marcus Licinius Crassus, better known as the third Triumvir beside Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great. Read on to survey his early career and the development of his wealth.
20. Members of the First Triumvirate: History & Explanation
In this lesson, explore the history, political power, and significance of the First Triumvirate of Ancient Rome, including the lives and ambitions of its three members.
21. The History of Roman Numerals
In this lesson, you'll learn the history of Roman numerals, from their development in Ancient Rome up to how they're still used today, as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
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Other chapters within the High School World History: Help and Review course
- Foundational Concepts of World History: Help and Review
- Geography: Help and Review
- Major Belief Systems of the World: Help and Review
- Early Civilization of World History: Help and Review
- Ancient Civilizations in the Near East: Help and Review
- Early Indian Civilization: Help and Review
- Early Chinese Civilization: Help and Review
- Asian History (1000-1300 CE): Help and Review
- History of Ancient Greece in World History: Help and Review
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement in World History: Help and Review
- History of the Fall of Rome: Help and Review
- The Rise of Christianity: Help and Review
- The Eastern Mediterranean: Help and Review
- Introduction to the Dark Ages: Help and Review
- African History: Help and Review
- The Early Middle Ages in World History: Help and Review
- The Medieval Warm Period in World History: Help and Review
- The High Middle Ages in World History: Help and Review
- Pre-European Civilizations in North America: Help and Review
- The Late Middle Ages in World History: Help and Review
- The Renaissance in World History: Help and Review
- The Age of Exploration in World History: Help and Review
- The Reformation Across Europe: Help and Review
- The Elizabethan Era in World History: Help and Review
- Colonialism: Help and Review
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions: Help and Review
- World War I: Help and Review
- Between the World Wars: Help and Review
- World War II: Help and Review
- The Cold War: Help and Review
- Post War Europe, Asia, Middle East, and Africa: Help and Review
- Latin America Since 1900: Help and Review
- The 21st Century: Help and Review
- Dynastic Empires of Eurasia: Help and Review