About This Chapter
The Rise of the Roman Republic - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Have you ever wondered why Roman mythology and religion were so similar to those of the Greeks? Find out by exploring this chapter, which traces its humble beginnings as a Greek colony to its rise as the Roman Republic. Fun videos examine how detailed institutions and offices made the formation possible. They also examine other aspects of Roman civilization, including its art, history, philosophy and what brought on its destruction. Short quizzes and a chapter exam assess how much you've learned. After completing this chapter, you will understand:
- Rome's founding, early history, myths and religion
- Kings of Rome and the Roman Republic's rise and formation
- The Latin, Samnite, Pyrrhic and Punic wars
- Roman law, engineering, art, architecture and style
- Cicero's philosophy and how the Republic was reformed and eventually destroyed
|Roman Myths and Religion||See differences between what the Romans borrowed from Greek religion, culture and mythology and what is specific to them.|
|The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History||Explore the history of Italy as a Greek colony.|
|The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Lesson||Learn about Rome's legendary kings.|
|Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events||Review events key to the progress of Rome's development.|
|Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History||Read about governmental developments within the formation of the Roman Republic.|
|The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars||Discover the impact of these historical wars.|
|The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal||Study the details and aftermath of the three punic wars.|
|Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History||Find out about the manner by which the Romans went about 'civilizing' the people they conquered.|
|Roman Engineering and Architecture||Describe the expertise and appearance of Roman engineering and architecture.|
|Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style||Take a close look at the central qualities of Roman art during this time.|
|Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy||Understand the traits of the unique Roman outlook on the world.|
|Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla||Study key figures and developments that contributed to Roman reform.|
|Cicero: History & Philosophy||Look at the facets and significance of Cicero's philosophy.|
|The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey||Review the role of Julius Caesar in the downfall of the Republic.|
1. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
2. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
3. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
4. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
5. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
6. The Latin, Samnite & Pyrrhic Wars
This lesson covers the unification of Italy under Roman control. In the course of this lesson, we explore the causes and repercussions of the Samnite Wars, the Latin War, and the Pyrrhic War.
7. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
8. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
9. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
10. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
11. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy
This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.
12. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
13. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
14. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
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Other chapters within the History 101: Western Civilization I course
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Fall of the Roman Empire
- The Dark Ages
- The Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- The High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era
- Studying for History 101