About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the processes, functions, and constraints of police departments
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Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a police department unit of a standard criminal justice course. Topics covered include:
- Policing styles
- Ethical issues in policing
- Police management and organizational structures
- Legal restraints and issues
- The arrest process, intelligence, interrogations, and Miranda warnings
- Police corruption
- Police use of force and excessive force
- Racial profiling and biased policing
1. Watchman, Legalistic & Service Policing Styles
Police departments have their own style, or way of doing things. Three well-known policing styles are the watchman, legalistic and service styles. This lesson explains these policing styles and the differences in these approaches.
2. Ethics, Discretion & Professionalism in Policing
There are three main concepts used to define integrity in policing. They are ethics, discretion and professionalism. This lesson explains why ethics, discretion and professionalism are important in policing today.
3. Police Management & Police Department Organization
All businesses must be organized and managed, including police departments. This lesson explains police management and describes the different types of police department organization.
4. Legal Restraints on Police Actions
Legal restraints on police actions are designed to protect individuals from abuses of police power. This lesson explains how legal restraints on police actions originate from the U.S. Constitution, and discusses abuse of police power.
5. The Arrest Process: Definition & Steps
In order to perform a legal arrest, police must follow a specific process. This lesson explains what constitutes a legal arrest and describes the arrest process.
6. Police Intelligence, Interrogations & Miranda Warnings
Police departments must receive and disseminate critical information. This is known as the police intelligence function. This lesson explains the intelligence function, including police interrogations and the role of Miranda warnings.
7. Police Corruption: Definition, Types & Improvement Methods
Police corruption is the misuse of police authority for personal gain. This lesson discusses the different types of police corruption, causes of corruption, and some methods for ending corruption.
8. Police Use of Force & Excessive Force: Situations & Guidelines
Police are entitled to use force in order to maintain social order, but are not entitled to use excessive force. This lesson explains police use of force, how it is legitimately used, and what constitutes excessive force.
9. Racial Profiling & Biased Policing: Definition & Impact
Racial profiling and biased policing are significant issues in law enforcement today. This lesson defines racial profiling and biased policing and explains why these issues have a negative impact on law enforcement efforts.
10. Legal Issues Facing Police: Civil Liabilities & Lawsuits
Police officers can be held accountable for misconduct. Police face civil liability under certain circumstances. This lesson explains civil liability issues and lawsuits associated with policing.
11. Reasons Why People Don't Call the Police
This lesson outlines several reasons why people don't call the police, ranging from the victim's view of the crime and/or the offender to a lack of response by the police. This lesson also examines how a victim's race affects their decision to report a crime.
12. Police Subculture: Definition & Context
In this lesson, we will discuss the concept of police subculture, including how it is defined in modern society, depicted by the media, and perceived by both those who work in policing and those in the general population.
13. Plain View Doctrine: Definition & Cases
The plain view doctrine is an exception to the warrant requirement of the Fourth Amendment. In this lesson, you will learn about the basics of the plain view doctrine and how the doctrine is applied by law enforcement officers and courts.
14. Arrest: History, Procedure & Information
Learn about the history of arrests. Review the arrest procedure and examine what kinds of information is required in order for police to make an arrest. Upon completion of this lesson, you will have a thorough understanding of arrests.
15. Crisis Situations: Types & Examples
In this lesson, we discuss different types of crisis situations. We explore some examples and see how law enforcement handles the different types of crisis situations.
16. Custodial Interrogation: Definition & Cases
In this lesson, we will discuss the meaning of custodial interrogation. We will also explore a couple of different Supreme Court cases that clarified issues related to custodial interrogation and the rights of citizens.
17. Deadly Force: Definition, Statute & Laws
In this lesson, we will define deadly force. Also included in the lesson are the statutes and laws about deadly force. There will be a quiz at the end of the lesson.
18. Deterrence in Criminology: Definition & Theory
Sentencing can be more than just a punishment for a crime. When used properly, sentences can encourage people not to commit a crime. Find out how punishment can stop a crime before it occurs.
19. Differential Response: Definition & Model
This lesson outlines the differential response model as it is used in the investigation of child welfare cases and explains what happens when someone reports suspected child abuse.
20. Discretion: Definition & Examples
This lesson will teach you about discretion. Specifically, you will learn about police discretion. You will review examples and gain a thorough understanding of discretion.
21. Entrapment: Definition, Law & Examples
Learn what constitutes entrapment. Review the definition of the crime, then examine the various laws of entrapment. Finally, we'll look at several examples of this term to gain a thorough understanding.
22. Excessive Force: Definition, Cases & Statistics
In this lesson excessive force will be defined. Two historical cases dealing with excessive force will be discussed. In addition, the reasons behind a lack of statistical information tracking excessive force incidents will be explained. There is a short quiz at the end of the lesson.
23. Graham v. Connor: Summary & Decision
The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in 'Graham v. Connor' established the test for what constitutes a police officer's legal use of force. This lesson explains that case and examines the ruling.
24. Inevitable Discovery: Rule, Doctrine & Exception
This lesson will discuss inevitable discovery and the important rules that apply to law enforcement agents. We will also discuss inevitable discovery doctrine and exceptions.
25. Interrogation: Definition, Techniques & Types
In this lesson, we will define interrogation. We will also discuss the techniques and types of interrogation used in law enforcement. There will be a quiz at the end of the lesson.
26. Latent Fingerprint: Analysis, Development & Techniques
In this lesson, you'll explore the importance of fingerprints. You'll learn what a latent print is, how prints are gathered and compared, and how they are analyzed to help solve cases.
27. Police Discretion: Definition, Examples, Pros & Cons
Learn what constitutes police discretion. Examine several examples of police discretion and review the pros and cons to understand why people are for and against the use of police discretion.
28. Police Operations: Theory & Practice
This lesson explores the different types of police operations and theories that apply to police operations. There will be a short quiz testing your knowledge at the end of the lesson.
29. Police Patrol: Operations, Procedures & Techniques
Police work today employs various techniques to identify and prevent crimes. Learn what police patrol is, and examine the types of operations and procedures utilized by the police when conducting police patrols. Review the techniques of police patrol and gain a thorough understanding of how police patrols work.
30. Preliminary Investigation: Definition, Steps, Analysis & Example
Discover what a preliminary investigation is. Review the definition and look at the steps involved in this type of law enforcement investigation. Examine the preliminary investigation process and gain insight through analysis and an example.
31. Preventive Patrol: Definition, Study & Experiment
Preventive policing is the idea of stopping crime before it starts. This lesson provides a brief overview of three types of preventive policing: traffic enforcement, patrol, and community outreach.
32. Problem-Oriented Policing: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, problem-oriented policing will be defined, its origin and background will be discussed, and some examples describing problem-oriented policing will be given.
33. What is a Police Welfare Check? - Definition & Laws
Have you called the police because you could not get a hold of someone? The police have an obligation to complete a welfare check. But, what happens if no one answers the door? In this lesson, we'll learn about the police options during a welfare check.
34. How to Press Charges: Definition & Statute of Limitations
Criminal charges are filed by the prosecutor's office, usually after an investigation and recommendation from the police. In this lesson we will learn how the process works, including the application of the statute of limitations.
35. Police Brutality: Causes & Solutions
In this lesson, we'll define police brutality and explore a few examples. We'll also examine common causes of police brutality and detail potential solutions to reduce and eliminate police misconduct.
36. Police Reports: Definition & Examples
What is one of the most important tools police officers use on a daily basis? Aside from the tools needed to protect themselves, officers are responsible for creating police reports. This lesson will explain the various components of a police report and give examples.
37. Background Checks: Definition & Laws
In this lesson, you will learn all about background checks, specifically as they relate to employment. You'll also learn more about laws designed to protect prospective employees against unfair treatment during the hiring process.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology: Help and Review
- Theories of Crime: Help and Review
- Types of Crime: Help and Review
- The Criminal Justice Field: Help and Review
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The U.S. Court System: Help and Review
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Help and Review
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System: Help and Review
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice: Help and Review
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions: Help and Review
- The Juvenile Justice System: Help and Review