About This Chapter
The Role of the Police Department - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter is designed to introduce you to the basic types of policing styles, along with some of the key features associated with effective law enforcement. You'll also get an inside look into how police departments in the United States are organized and the arrest process. Additional topics will cover both the legal issues and restraints associated with policing. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- How the legalistic, service and watchman styles of policing differ
- What is meant by the term police management
- What leads to police corruption
- In what situations police may use physical force
- Why biased policing or racial profiling have become such controversial issues.
|Watchman, Legalistic and Service Policing Styles||Compare and contrast the three basic styles of policing, including legalistic, service and watchman.|
|Ethics, Discretion and Professionalism in Policing||Discuss why these three areas are crucial to effective policing.|
|Police Management and Police Department Organization||Explain what is meant by the term police management; highlight the organizational structure usually found in a U.S. police department.|
|Police Recruitment and Selection||Explore the various approached to police recruiting.|
|Line and Staff Employees in the Police Department||Explain the differences between these two groups and the possible reasons for tension.|
|Legal Restraints on Police Actions||Understand how the Bill of Rights and specific legal restraints protect personal freedom; include some examples that illustrate abuse of power in policing.|
|The Arrest Process: Definition and Steps||Identify the steps involved in the arrest process and how they are carried out.|
|Police Intelligence, Interrogations and Miranda Warnings||Summarize the role of intelligence and interrogations in policing, including the importance of Miranda warnings.|
|Community Relations and Policing||Discover the importance of strong relations between the police and the community.|
|Police Corruption: Definition, Types and Improvement Methods||Identify areas of police corruption, and propose some ideas for developing police integrity.|
|Police Use of Force and Excessive Force: Situations and Guidelines||Understand the difference between excessive and necessary force; highlight some methods for assessing the use of excessive force.|
|Racial Profiling and Biased Policing: Definition and Impact||Explain what is meant by biased policing and racial profiling.|
|Legal Issues Facing Police: Civil Liabilities and Lawsuits||Discuss under what circumstances police may find themselves facing civil lawsuits.|
|Law Enforcement and Technology||Learn about tools of technology available to law enforcement.|
1. Watchman, Legalistic & Service Policing Styles
Police departments have their own style, or way of doing things. Three well-known policing styles are the watchman, legalistic and service styles. This lesson explains these policing styles and the differences in these approaches.
2. Ethics, Discretion & Professionalism in Policing
There are three main concepts used to define integrity in policing. They are ethics, discretion and professionalism. This lesson explains why ethics, discretion and professionalism are important in policing today.
3. Police Management & Police Department Organization
All businesses must be organized and managed, including police departments. This lesson explains police management and describes the different types of police department organization.
4. Legal Restraints on Police Actions
Legal restraints on police actions are designed to protect individuals from abuses of police power. This lesson explains how legal restraints on police actions originate from the U.S. Constitution, and discusses abuse of police power.
5. The Arrest Process: Definition & Steps
In order to perform a legal arrest, police must follow a specific process. This lesson explains what constitutes a legal arrest and describes the arrest process.
6. Police Intelligence, Interrogations & Miranda Warnings
Police departments must receive and disseminate critical information. This is known as the police intelligence function. This lesson explains the intelligence function, including police interrogations and the role of Miranda warnings.
7. Police Corruption: Definition, Types & Improvement Methods
Police corruption is the misuse of police authority for personal gain. This lesson discusses the different types of police corruption, causes of corruption, and some methods for ending corruption.
8. Police Use of Force & Excessive Force: Situations & Guidelines
Police are entitled to use force in order to maintain social order, but are not entitled to use excessive force. This lesson explains police use of force, how it is legitimately used, and what constitutes excessive force.
9. Racial Profiling & Biased Policing: Definition & Impact
Racial profiling and biased policing are significant issues in law enforcement today. This lesson defines racial profiling and biased policing and explains why these issues have a negative impact on law enforcement efforts.
10. Legal Issues Facing Police: Civil Liabilities & Lawsuits
Police officers can be held accountable for misconduct. Police face civil liability under certain circumstances. This lesson explains civil liability issues and lawsuits associated with policing.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology
- Theories of Crime
- Types of Crime
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice
- The Criminal Justice Field
- The U.S. Court System
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.
- Criminal Law in the U.S.
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.
- Corrections & Correctional Institutions
- The Juvenile Justice System
- Studying for Criminal Justice 101